Lauriergracht

The Lauriergracht (literally "Laurel Canal"[2]) is one of the canals of Amsterdam, located in the Jordaan, west of the Grachtengordel.

Lauriergracht
George Hendrik Breitner, Afb 010104000079.jpg
Lauriergracht numbers 1 to 9, an 1895 photograph from the George Hendrik Breitner collection[1]

History and inhabitantsEdit

 
Johan Diderik Cornelis Veltens painting of the Beuker & Hulshoff sugar factory that used to be on the Lauriergracht,[3] in the Amsterdam Museum

It was painted and photographed by George Hendrik Breitner who set up a studio on the canal, at number 8, in 1893 and stayed there until 1898.[4][5] His De Lauriergracht bij de Tweede Laurierdwarsstraat (painted in 1917–1918) is in the Rijksmuseum.[6] Prints of his paintings of Lauriergracht 1-15 are in the Stedelijk Museum.[7]

At the end of the 17th century, the Lauriergracht had been the residence of several artists and their relatives.[8]

Karel du Jardin's aunt Jaqueline lived there in 1661.[9]

Govaert Flinck moved to the Lauriergracht in 1644, where his nephew Dirck already lived, and lived there until his death.[10] He bought two adjacent houses, numbers 76 and 78.[11] He initially worked at, and later took over from Rembrandt the management of, Hendrick Uylenburgh's workshop that was located on the canal.[12]

One of the famous residents of the Lauriergracht is the fictional Batavus Droogstoppel, the unreliable narrator in Max Havelaar who is introduced in the first line of the book "Ik ben makelaar in koffie, en woon op de Lauriergracht nº 37". ("I am a coffee broker and I live at Number 37 Lauriergracht") which the character repeats over and over.[13][14] In Dutch literature the address Lauriergracht 37 is as well known as James Joyce's 7 Eccles Street;[15] in reality, it was an alley in the time of the author Dekker. From 1897 to 1984 it was the address of a Catholic instuttion for girls and women named "De Voorzienigheid" run by the Sisters of Providence ; and then a block of flats, a gable stone by the main door of the flats proclaiming it to be the address of Last & Co., Makelaars in Koffie, Droogstoppel's fictional company.[16][17]

The house on number 122 was built in 1889 by architect Herman Hendrik Baanders, the first of a series of successful and impressive designs by his hand.[18]

Numbers 130 and 132 used to be a Christian Reformed Church; originally opened on 14 November 1900 and reopened on 21 December 1927 after an extension, the church was finally closed on 14 November 1985 and turned into apartments.[19] The Evangelical Lutheran Church built an orphanage at numbers 112–118 in 1757.[20]

Numbers 103 and 105 are another orphanage, a Roman Catholic one for boys that was built in the 17th century, run by the Brothers of Maastricht from 1845 to 1900, and by the aforementioned Sisters of Providence from then onwards.[21]

ReferencesEdit

Cross-referencesEdit

SourcesEdit

  • "Lauriergracht 1-9 (v.l.n.r.)". Beeldbank. 010104000079.
  • "Lauriergracht 1-15. Prentbriefkaart van schilderij van Breitner uit 1895 in Stedelijk Museum. Uitgave Gebr. van R. Amsterdam". Beeldbank. PBKD00104000001.
  • "De Lauriergracht bij de Tweede Laurierdwarsstraat, George Hendrik Breitner, 1917–1918". Rijksmuseum. SK-A-3546.
  • Beekman, E. M. (1982). "Afterword". Max Havelaar, Or, The Coffee Auctions of the Dutch Trading Company. Univ of Massachusetts Press. ISBN 9780870233593.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Bothe, Adolf (1898). Adressbuch von bildenden Künstlern der Gegenwart. Selbstverlag des Herausgebers.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Dickey, Stephanie S. (2013). "Flinck, Govaert". In Muller, Sheila D. (ed.). Dutch Art: An Encyclopedia. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities. 1021. Routledge. ISBN 9781135495749.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Grape-Albers, Heide, ed. (1997). "Die ′Lauriergracht′". Niederdeutsche Beiträge zur Kunstgeschichte. 36. Deutscher Kunstverlag. ISBN 9783422062320.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Impens, Chris (2012-06-28). "Lauriergracht 37 Amsterdam" (in Dutch).CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Jonker, Joost; Sluyterman, Keetie (2001). "Through a dark valley, 1750–1850". At Home on the World Markets: Dutch International Trading Companies from the 16th Century Until the Present. McGill-Queen's Press. ISBN 9780773569386.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Kilian, Jennifer (2007). Karel du Jardin, 1628–1678. Rijksmuseum/Nieuw Amsterdam. ISBN 9789086890309.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Kok, Erna (2016). Netwerkende kunstenaars in de Gouden Eeuw: De succesvolle loopbanen van Govert Flinck en Ferdinand Bol. Zeven Provinciën reeks. 36. Uitgeverij Verloren. ISBN 9789087045425. ISSN 0925-7586.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Meiners, J. L. J. (1988). "Historicht overzicht". In Happee, J.; Meiners, J. L. J.; Mostert, Marco (eds.). De Lutheranen in Amsterdam, 1588–1988: gedenkboek ter gelegenheid van 400 jaar Evangelisch-Lutherse Gemeente te Amsterdam. Uitgeverij Verloren. ISBN 9789065503138.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Amsterdam and Environs. Michelin green guides (2nd ed.). Michelin Travel Publications. 2001. ISBN 9782060002330. ISSN 0763-1383.
  • Nguyen, Kristina Hartze (1992). "The Made Landscape: City and Country in Seventeenth-century Dutch Prints". Harvard University Art Museums bulletin. Vol. 1 no. 1. Harvard University Art Museum.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Niekerk, Carl H. (2000). "Race and gender in Multatuli's Max Havelaar and Love Letters". In Finke, Michael C.; Niekerk, Carl H. (eds.). One Hundred Years of Masochism: Literary Texts, Social and Cultural Contexts. Rodopi. ISBN 9789042006577.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Nieuwenhuys, Robert (1982). "Edward Browes Dekker". In Beekman, E. M. (ed.). Mirror of the Indies: A History of Dutch Colonial Literature. Translated by Van Rosevelt, Frans. University of Massachusetts Press. ISBN 9780870233685.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Nijeboer, Egbert; van Wissen, Kees. "Geschiedenis van de RK Kweekschool en Pedagogische Academie 'De Voorzienigheid' te Amsterdam, 1897–1984". De Brug (in Dutch).CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Pols, Ivor Vincent (1966). George Hendrik Breitner. Amsterdam.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • "Laatste dienst in Chr. Geref. kerk Amsterdam". Reformatorisch Dagblad. digibron. 1985-11-14. p. 2.
  • van Heijst, Annelies (2002). "Heren in vereniging: stand en liefdadigheid". Liefdewerk: een herwaardering van de caritas bij de Arme Zusters van het Goddelijk Kind, sinds 1852. Uitgeverij Verloren. p. 70. ISBN 9789065507419.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • van Rossem, Vincent (February 2008). "Amsterdam 1900: H.H. Baanders (1849-1905), H.A.J. Baanders (1876-1953), J. Baanders (1884-1966)". Binnenstad (in Dutch). No. 226. Vereniging Vrienden van de Amsterdamse.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

Further readingEdit

  • Graves, W.J. (1985). De Lauriergrachtkerk in Amsterdam, 1900 - 14 november - 1985. Christelijke Gereformeerde Kerk.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Lammertse, Friso; van der Veen, Jaap (2006). "The House on Lauriergracht". Uylenburgh & son: art and commerce from Rembrandt to De Lairesse, 1625–1675. The Oliver Millar Collection. Waanders Publishers.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Meischke, R. (July 1981). "Het R.C. jongensweeshuis aan de Lauriergracht in het eind van de achttiende eeuw". Maandblad Amstelodamum. 73: 82–103.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • van Heel, S. A. C. Dudok (1982). "Het "schilderhuys" van Govert Flinck en de kunsthandel van Uylenburgh aan de Lauriergracht te Amsterdam". Jaarboek Amstelodamum. J. H. de Bussy. 74: 70–90.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)