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Laura Anne Ingraham is an American conservative television host.[1] Ingraham formerly hosted the nationally syndicated radio show The Laura Ingraham Show for nearly two decades, is the editor-in-chief of LifeZette, and beginning in October 2017, has been the host of The Ingraham Angle on Fox News Channel.[2]

Laura Ingraham
Laura Ingraham by Gage Skidmore 3.jpg
Ingraham in December 2018
Born
Laura Anne Ingraham

EducationDartmouth College (BA)
University of Virginia (JD)
Political partyRepublican
Children3
WebsiteOfficial website

Ingraham worked as a speechwriter in the Reagan administration in the late 1980s. Afterwards she earned a J.D. degree and Ingraham went on to work as a judicial clerk in the Second Circuit Court of Appeals in New York and then for United States Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas. She also worked for the law firm Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom in New York City. Ingraham began her media career in the mid-1990s.

Early life

Ingraham grew up in Glastonbury, Connecticut, where she was born to Anne Caroline (née Kozak) and James Frederick Ingraham III.[3] Her maternal grandparents were Polish immigrants, and her father was of Irish and English ancestry.[4] She graduated from Glastonbury High School in 1981.

Education

In 1985, Ingraham earned a B.A. from Dartmouth College. In 1991, Ingraham earned a Juris Doctor from the University of Virginia School of Law.[5]

Career

 
Ingraham speaks at the 2016 Republican National Convention.[6]
 
Ingraham at a political conference in December 2018

In the late 1980s, Ingraham worked as a speechwriter in the Reagan administration for the Domestic Policy Advisor.[7] She also briefly served as editor of The Prospect, the magazine issued by Concerned Alumni of Princeton. After law school, in 1991, she served as a law clerk for Judge Ralph K. Winter Jr., of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, in New York and subsequently clerked for U.S. Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas. She then worked as an attorney at the New York-based law firm Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom.[8] In 1995, she appeared on the cover of The New York Times Magazine in connection with a story about young conservatives.[9]

In 1996, she and Jay P. Lefkowitz organized the first Dark Ages Weekend in response to Renaissance Weekend.[10]

Television show host

Ingraham has had three stints as a cable television host. She first became a host on MSNBC in 1996.[11] In the late 1990s, she became a CBS commentator and hosted the MSNBC program Watch It!.[12] Several years later, on her radio program, Ingraham began campaigning for another cable television show. She gained her wish in 2008, when Fox News Channel gave her a three-week trial run for a new show entitled Just In.[13][14] In October 2017 she became the host of a new Fox News Channel program, The Ingraham Angle.

Radio show host

Ingraham launched The Laura Ingraham Show in April 2001, which is heard on 306 stations and on XM Satellite Radio. It was originally syndicated by Westwood One, but moved to Talk Radio Network in 2004. Ingraham was also the official guest host of The O'Reilly Factor on Fox News Channel and a weekly contributor with her segment, The Ingraham Angle.[citation needed]

In 2012, Ingraham was rated as the No. 5 radio show in America, by Talkers Magazine.[15] In November 2012, she announced her departure from Talk Radio Network, declining to renew her contract with TRN after nearly a decade of being associated with the network. She was the second major host from TRN's lineup to leave the network that year: TRN's other major program, The Savage Nation, left TRN two months earlier. Her new program, syndicated by Courtside Entertainment Group, began airing on January 2, 2013 and went off the air in December 2018.[16] Ingraham continues to produce podcast material for Courtside's PodcastOne division.[17]

LifeZette

Along with businessman Peter Anthony, Ingraham founded and owns Ingraham Media Group, which produces the new media publication LifeZette. Ingraham serves as editor in chief. The website's subsections are PoliZette, FaithZette, PopZette, and HealthZette.[citation needed]

Politics

In January 2017, Ingraham was approached by Republican Party officials and asked to consider running for the United States Senate seat held by Tim Kaine, Democrat of Virginia.[18] Later that month, Ingraham confirmed she was considering running against Kaine.[19][needs update]

Political views and controversies

In 2017, Ingraham was described by the New York Times as an "ardent nationalist".[20] She is known for her strong support for Donald Trump.[20][21] She is a fierce critic of immigration reform,[20][22] and in 2014 Ingraham said that allowing more immigrant workers to come to the United States would be "obscene to the American experience".[22] She opposed the proposed bipartisan 2013 US Senate comprehensive immigration reform plan.[23] Ingraham has said that her influences include Ronald Reagan, Robert Bork and Pat Buchanan.[20]

Ingraham has been described as "no stranger to generating controversy" by Variety,[24] and as a "name-brand provocateur" by Politico.[25] Business Insider has referred to Ingraham's on-air style as "wad[ing] into debates on racism and gun violence".[26]

In June 2019, Ingraham mocked reports that Trump had delayed his participation in D-Day commemoration activities to sit for an interview with her, strongly dismissing them as "patently false — fake news,” despite video of the interview showing Trump saying, “These people are so amazing, and what they don't realize is that I'm holding them up because of this interview, but that's because it's you."[27]

Homosexuality

In her senior year at Dartmouth College, during her tenure as editor-in-chief of independent campus newspaper The Dartmouth Review,[28] Ingraham wrote several controversial articles. She sent a reporter undercover to a campus LGBTQ meeting, and later received criticism when, despite an oath of confidentiality being read to participants,[29] Ingraham published a transcript of the meeting and included the names of the attendees, describing them as "cheerleaders for latent campus sodomites".[30][29] Ingraham claimed confidentiality did not apply, because the meeting had been advertised, and defended the outing of the gay students as a "freedom of the press issue".[29]

Jeffrey Hart, the faculty adviser for The Dartmouth Review described Ingraham as having "the most extreme anti-homosexual views imaginable", claiming "she went so far as to avoid a local eatery where she feared the waiters were homosexual".[31][32]

In 1997, Ingraham wrote an essay in The Washington Post in which she stated that she had changed her views on homosexuality after witnessing "the dignity, fidelity, and courage" with which her gay brother, Curtis, and his partner coped with the latter being diagnosed with AIDS; Curtis's partner ultimately died of the disease. Curtis, on the other hand, has called his sister "a monster" and said she was influenced by their father, whom he described as a Nazi sympathizer as well as an abusive alcoholic.[33] Ingraham has stated that she supports civil unions between same-sex partners, but believes marriage "is between a man and a woman".[34]

Immigration and diversity

Ingraham holds anti-immigration views.[35][36] In 2014, she denounced House Majority Leader Eric Cantor after he expressed support for the DREAM Act and a GOP bill to grant a pathway to citizenship for young immigrants.[37] At the time, Cantor faced a primary challenge from Dave Brat, which he would go on to lose.[38][39] According to The New York Times, "Few people did more than Ms. Ingraham to propel Mr. Brat ... from obscurity to national conservative hero."[39] Ingraham said the race would go "down as one of the most significant repudiations of establishment immigration reform that I've seen in my 20 years of doing politics,"[40] and that due to the outcome of the race, "immigration reform is DOA."[41] That same year, Ingraham harshly criticized Republican congresswoman Renee Elmers for expressing support for a comprehensive immigration bill which included a pathway to citizenship for the 11 million undocumented immigrants who were in the country at the time.[42][43] In an interview with Elmers, Ingraham accused Elmers of supporting amnesty and using liberal talking points, and said her arguments were "infuriating to my listeners".[43]

In September 2017, amid reports that Trump was considering an agreement with Democrats on amnesty for approximately 800,000 DREAMers, Ingraham criticized Trump, tweeting "When does American working class w/out real wage increase in 15yrs & who send their kids to overcrowded public schools get amnesty?"[44] In July 2018, Ingraham harshly criticized Republican congressman Kevin Yoder after he expressed support for a Democratic bill that rolled back Attorney General Jeff Sessions' order that immigration judges not be allowed to grant asylum to asylum seekers fleeing domestic abuse or gang violence in their home country.[45] She called on the congressman to "to stop selling out the Trump agenda."[45]

On the June 18, 2018, broadcast of The Ingraham Angle, Ingraham likened detention facilities where children separated from their illegal immigrant parents by the Trump administration are kept to "summer camps" that "resemble boarding schools."[46][47][48] She further described criticism of the family separation policy as "faux liberal outrage."[46][49] Ingraham had referred to the border crossings as "slow-rolling invasion of the United States."[50] Ingraham's comments followed an MSNBC report by Jacob Soboroff which was broadcast on June 14, 2018. The report described a Texas detainment facility setup to be like a "dormitory structure" with a cafeteria and rooms that contained four beds in each.[51][52] The day after Ingraham's comments aired, school shooting survivor and activist David Hogg tried to renew boycotts of businesses that advertise on The Ingraham Angle, but the show lost no more advertisers.[53][54]

Ingraham has spoken out against the changing racial demographics of The United States.[55][56][57] In August 2018, in what The Washington Post labelled an expression of "white anxiety",[58] she stated "some parts of the country it does seem like the America we know and love doesn't exist anymore. Massive demographic changes have been foisted upon the American people. And they're changes that none of us ever voted for, and most of us don't like... much of this is related to both illegal and, in some cases, legal immigration that, of course, progressives love."[59][60]

Various commentators criticized Ingraham's comments, with The Atlantic claiming she was alluding to the U.S. becoming "less and less white with every passing year".[61] Many outlets argued that it echoed white nationalist rhetoric or that itself constituted a "white nationalist rant".[55][60][62][63][64] Ingraham's comments were endorsed by David Duke.[65][66][67] In response, Ingraham called Duke a "racist freak whose name I won’t even mention."[68] Some mainstream media described Ingraham's views as advocating the white genocide conspiracy theory.[69][70] In her August 9, 2018 Ingraham Angle monologue, Ingraham stated she was not talking about "race or ethnicity" and went on to say, "There is something slipping away in this country and it's not about race or ethnicity. It's what was once a common understanding by both parties that American citizenship is a privilege, and one that at a minimum requires respect for the rule of law and loyalty to our constitution."[71]

In October 2018, Ingraham urged her audience to vote Republican in the upcoming midterm elections, saying that Democrats "want to replace you, the American voters, with newly amnestied citizens and an ever-increasing number of chain migrants."[72]

In May 2019, Ingraham showed a graphic on her show of "prominent voices censored on social media", which included "people who believe in border enforcement, people who believe in national sovereignty." Among those listed was Paul Nehlen, known for making numerous anti-Semitic remarks, who was banned from Twitter after making racist remarks about Meghan Markle, the wife of Britain's Prince Harry.[73][74]

In September 2014, Ingraham claimed that President Obama sent assistance to Africa during the 2014 Ebola outbreak and exposed Americans to the virus because of his guilt over "colonialism."[75] In June 2019, she spread unsubstantiated claims that asylum seekers to the United States may carry ebola.[76]

LeBron James and Kevin Durant comments

In February 2018, Ingraham was criticized for making dismissive comments that NBA players LeBron James and Kevin Durant should not opine on politics. Ingraham stated, "It's always unwise to seek political advice from someone who gets paid $100 million a year to bounce a ball" and that the basketball stars should "shut up and dribble." Her comments came the week following James' interview with Cari Champion of ESPN where James spoke about his personal life as well as politics, stating that he felt statements made by the president are "laughable and scary." Ingraham characterized James' comments as "barely intelligible" and "ungrammatical."[citation needed]

Ingraham issued the following statement on the matter, obtained by TheWrap: “In 2003, I wrote a New York Times bestseller called 'Shut Up & Sing,' in which I criticized celebrities like the Dixie Chicks & Barbra Streisand who were trashing then-President George W. Bush. I have used a variation of that title for more than 15 years to respond to performers who sound off on politics. I've told Robert De Niro to 'Shut Up & Act,' Jimmy Kimmel to 'Shut Up & Make Us Laugh,' and just this week told the San Antonio Spurs' Gregg Popovich to 'Shut up & Coach.' If pro athletes and entertainers want to freelance as political pundits, then they should not be surprised when they're called out for insulting politicians. There was no racial intent in my remarks – false, defamatory charges of racism are a transparent attempt to immunize entertainment and sports elites from scrutiny and criticism. Additionally, we stated on my show that these comments came from an ESPN podcast, which was not the case – the content was unaffiliated with ESPN.” .[77] .[78][26][79]

Stoneman Douglas shooting comments

In March 2018, Ingraham's show was boycotted by 27 sponsors[80] after she ridiculed David Hogg, a 17-year-old student survivor of the Stoneman Douglas High School shooting, for supposedly complaining about being rejected by four colleges.[81] In response, Hogg posted a list of Ingraham's advertisers and called for a boycott,[82] accusing her of cyberbullying.[82] After several advertisers left the show[83][84][85] Ingraham apologized,[86] which Hogg dismissed as insincere.[87] Advertising time during the show dropped by as much as 52 percent.[88][89][90] After Ingraham returned from a pre-planned vacation following the boycott, her program earned its best ratings ever, spiking 25% in total viewers and saw an increase of 36% in the key 25-54 age group demographic.[91] As of October 2018, blue-chip companies have continued to shun Ingraham's show despite the increased ratings.[92] In December 2018, Hogg announced that he had been accepted to Harvard University.[93]

China

In August 2019, Ingraham condemned China's "brutal violation of basic human rights" and China's Xinjiang re-education camps for Muslim ethnic minority groups.[94]

Israel

Ingraham is a supporter of Israel, which she called "one of our closest allies". She criticized Ilhan Omar's comments about Israel.[95]

Personal life

Ingraham has previously dated broadcaster Keith Olbermann,[96] former New Jersey Democratic Senator Robert Torricelli, political commentator Dinesh D'Souza,[97] and attorney George T. Conway.[98] . In April 2005, she announced that she was engaged to Chicago businessman James V. Reyes and that she had undergone treatment for breast cancer. In May 2005, Ingraham informed her audience that her engagement to Reyes was canceled.[99]

She attended a Baptist church until the age of twelve, later converting to Roman Catholicism.[100] She has studied Spanish and Russian.[101][102]

She is a single parent of three children: a girl from Guatemala adopted in 2008;[103] a boy from Russia adopted in 2009;[104] and a boy adopted in 2011.[citation needed]

Bibliography

  • The Hillary Trap: Looking for Power in All the Wrong Places, first published June 2000, it was updated and reissued in paperback December 25, 2005. It accuses Hillary Clinton of being a faux feminist,[105] whose "liberal feminism has created a culture that rewards dependency, encourages fragmentation, undermines families, and celebrates victimhood."[106]
  • Shut Up & Sing: How Elites from Hollywood, Politics, and the UN Are Subverting America, published October 25, 2003, decries liberal elites in politics, the media, academia, arts and entertainment, business, and international organizations, on behalf of disrespected Middle Americans, whom the author praises as "the kind of people who are the lifeblood of healthy democratic societies".[107]
  • Power to the People, a New York Times number one best seller,[108][109] published September 11, 2007, focuses on what Ingraham calls the "pornification" of America and stresses the importance of popular participation in culture, promoting conservative values in family life, education and patriotism.
  • The Obama Diaries, a New York Times number one best seller,[110] published July 13, 2010. The book is a fictional collection of diary entries purportedly made by President Barack Obama, which Ingraham uses satirically to criticize Obama, his family, and his administration.[111]
  • Of Thee I Zing, a New York Times best seller,[112] published July 12, 2011. The book is a collection of humorous anecdotes meant to point out the decline of American culture, from muffin tops to body shots.
  • Billionaire at the Barricades, published 2017. The book explains the 2016 election victory of Donald Trump as the continuation of a populist revolution, initiated by Ronald Reagan, with strong working class support.

See also

References

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