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The Lauberhorn ski races (Lauberhorn World Cup alpine ski races (German: Lauberhornrennen) (downhill, slalom, and combined) are among the highest-attended winter sports events in the world, attracting around 30,000 spectators each year. An established attraction is the airshow by the Patrouille Suisse, the aerobatic demonstration team of the Swiss Air Force. The 2016 races were held 15–17 January (super-combined, downhill, and slalom).

Lauberhorn - Downhill
Lauberhorn ski races Logo.png
Lauberhorn - Downhill is located in Switzerland
Lauberhorn - Downhill
Lauberhorn - Downhill
Location in Switzerland
Coordinates46°35′35″N 7°55′30″E / 46.593°N 7.925°E / 46.593; 7.925Coordinates: 46°35′35″N 7°55′30″E / 46.593°N 7.925°E / 46.593; 7.925
Vertical1,028 m (3,373 ft)
Top elevation2,315 m (7,595 ft) 
Base elevation1,287 m (4,222 ft)
Lauberhorn is located in Alps
Lauberhorn
Lauberhorn
Location in the Alps of Europe

The races in Wengen in the Bernese Oberland are held in mid-January, usually the week prior to the Hahnenkamm, in Kitzbühel, Austria, another classic downhill race run since the early 1930s.

The Lauberhorn is a mountain in the Bernese Alps of Switzerland, located between Wengen and Grindelwald, north of the Kleine Scheidegg. Its summit is at an elevation of 2,472 m (8,110 ft) above sea level.

The downhill course is the longest in the world; its length of over 4.4 km (2.7 mi) results in run times of two and a half minutes (about 30–45 seconds longer than standard downhill races); top speeds approach 160 km/h (100 mph) on its Haneggschuss, the highest speeds on the World Cup circuit.

The Lauberhorn downhill run is surrounded by the Eiger, Mönch, and Jungfrau above the Lauterbrunnen valley. It is known for run arrangements such as the Hundschopf, a signature 40 m (130 ft) jump over a rock nose, the Kernen-S (passing over a bridge at around 80 km/h (50 mph) and the Wasserstation tunnel (underpassing the viaduct of the Wengernalpbahn).

Contents

Key sectionsEdit

Many of the named portions of the course are due to historic falls or crashes by racers. The best known sections of the Lauberhorn downhill, or Lauberhornrennen,[1] race are the following (in descending order):[2][3]

  • Russisprung (Russi jump), named after Swiss Olympic champion Bernhard Russi, in the upper treeless part of the course
  • Hundschopf (dog's head), the Lauberhorn's signature jump over the rock nose, about a third of the way down the course
  • Minsch-Kante
  • Canadian Corner, a long fall-away right turn
  • Alpweg trail, very narrow and only 3 m (10 ft) in width
  • Kernen-S (formerly the Brüggli-S), consecutive right-left 90° curves separated by a small bridge), which reduces speed considerably
  • Wasserstation (water station), a small tunnel underpassing the local railroad Wengernalpbahn
  • Langentrejen where the slope becomes significantly flatter, now ends with Super-G turns
  • Haneggschuss, a pitch after the flats where top speeds approach 160 km/h (99 mph)
  • Silberhornsprung (Silberhorn jump)
  • Österreicherloch (Austrian hole)
  • Ziel-S (finish-S) which is endurance challenging and finally a finish jump (reduced in recent seasons)

HistoryEdit

 
Karl Schranz in 1966, winning his third of four Lauberhorn downhills, beneath the Mönch

One of the first reports of skiing from the Lauberhorn to Wengen was in 1912 when the Roberts of Candahar Ski Challenge Cup was offered.[4] By 1927 it was just known as the Lauberhorn Ski Cup.[5]

It is one of the oldest continuously-held ski races. The Russisprung was originally built in the spring for a television show and was incorporated into the course by organizers the following year. The Minsch-Kante is where Josef Minsch fell in 1965 and was hospitalized for weeks. The Canadian Corner is named after two of the Crazy Canucks, Dave Irwin and Ken Read, who aggressively attacked this part of the course in 1976 and subsequently fell during the race. The Kernen-S was renamed for 2003 winner Bruno Kernen after his crash in 2006 at the former Brüggli-S. The Silberhornsprung was introduced in 2003 with the pyramid-shaped Silberhorn mountain in the background for television viewers. The Österreicherloch (Austrian hole) got its name in 1954 when almost all participating Austrian skiers (including Toni Sailer) fell there; 1960s Austrian great Karl Schranz later fell there as well.

In 1991, a tragic death occurred during training for the race at the Ziel-S (Finish-S). The young Austrian skier Gernot Reinstadler was not able to finish the S-curve properly and therefore jumped into the slope boundary (because he was too far to the right), where he hooked one ski in the security net and suffered severe injuries to the lower body. He died shortly after the accident from internal bleeding. The race was not held that year. In reaction to this tragic event, the slope boundary at that place was also equipped with rejection canvas and the gates were moved upwards and more to the left.

Snowmaking was added in the mid-1990s, and the combined race has been a run as a "super combined" since the World Cup debut of the format at Wengen in 2005. The super-combi consists of a shortened downhill and with a slalom run, both on the same day, instead of three runs (one downhill and two slalom) of the traditional combined. On the World Cup circuit, the traditional combined is usually not run as separate races, but determined "on paper" from the results of the primary downhill and slalom races, which are run on separate days. (The Olympics and world championships are the exceptions, holding separate races for the combined.) At the Winter Olympics, the super-combined format replaced the traditional combined at the 2010 Winter Games.

Facts and figuresEdit

  • Longest downhill race in the World Cup circuit, with a length of 4.422 km (2.75 mi) in 2015;
    typical World Cup downhill courses for men are two miles (3.2 km) or less.
  • The course's starting elevation is 2,315 m (7,595 ft) above sea level;
    it descends 1,028 vertical metres (3,373 ft) to the finish at 1,287 m (4,222 ft) in Wengen.
  • The course record of 2:24.23 was set by Kristian Ghedina of Italy in 1997, with an average speed of 106.33 km/h (66.07 mph), an average vertical descent rate of 7.1 m/s (23 ft/s).
  • Top speeds can exceed 160 km/h (100 mph) on the Haneggschuss, a straightaway 25–30 seconds from the finish. The highest speed ever measured in a World Cup race was reached at this section in 2013 by Johan Clarey of France at 161.9 km/h (100.6 mph). Top speeds vary from year to year, depending upon snow conditions.
  • The average grade of the downhill race course is 25.3 percent (14.2 degrees).
  • The maximum grade is 87 percent (41 degrees) at the Hundschopf jump, one-third of the way down the course.
  • The largest crowd was recorded in 2012, when 38,000 observed the Lauberhorn downhill race.
  • Ten miles (16 km) of security nets are set up at the border of the downhill run, surrounded by around 1,000 m (3,300 ft) of high security nets and 800 m (2,600 ft) of rejection canvas.
  • The course was one of several featured in the 1969 movie Downhill Racer, starring Robert Redford and Gene Hackman.
    Redford's character challenges his rival teammate to a dual race at the end of practice on the Lauberhorn downhill course.
  • The record holders for the most wins are Karl Molitor of Switzerland, who won six times between 1939 and 1947, and Ivica Kostelić of Croatia, who won the slalom race 4 times between 2002 and 2012, and the combined event twice, in 2011 and 2012. Unlike most of the other major ski races, the Lauberhorn in neutral Switzerland was held during World War II; all of the events were won by Swiss racers. In the post-war era, the most notable multiple winners are three Austrians: Toni Sailer with four straight (1955–58), Karl Schranz with four (1959, 1963, 1966, 1969), and Franz Klammer with three consecutive (197577).
  • Austrians have won 30 times; Swiss racers have captured 27 victories (although 14 of these came before 1946).
  • The first non-European to win the race was Ken Read in 1980, the sole Canadian, followed by four other North Americans (all U.S.). Lasse Kjus of Norway was the first Scandinavian champion in 1999, joined by Aksel Lund Svindal in 2016, as Norway swept all three events.
  • The first American winner in the downhill was Bill Johnson, in 1984 on a shortened course; other U.S. winners include Kyle Rasmussen (1995), Daron Rahlves (2006), and Bode Miller (2007 & 2008). Miller and Marco Sullivan made the podium in 2009, taking second and third. Miller won the combined event in 2010, the second American to win the combined at Wengen and first in 52 years (Buddy Werner in 1958). Phil Mahre is the only U.S. racer to take the slalom event at Wengen, in 1982.
  • After heavy snowfall in 2016, the start was lowered to shortly before the Hundschopf jump. The course length was reduced 1.74 to 2.682 km (1.08 to 1.67 mi) and the vertical drop was 729 m (2,392 ft), a reduction of 299 m (981 ft); Svindal's winning time was under 1:49, more than 47 seconds less than the previous year's.

Winners listEdit

Source:[6]

Year Downhill Slalom Combined
2019   Vincent Kriechmayr   Clément Noël   Marco Schwarz
2018     Beat Feuz   Marcel Hirscher   Victor Muffat-Jeandet [7]
2017  ——   Henrik Kristoffersen     Niels Hintermann [7]
2016   Aksel Lund Svindal   Henrik Kristoffersen   Kjetil Jansrud [7]
2015   Hannes Reichelt   Felix Neureuther     Carlo Janka [7]
2014     Patrick Küng   Alexis Pinturault   Ted Ligety [7]
2013   Christof Innerhofer   Felix Neureuther   Alexis Pinturault [7]
2012     Beat Feuz   Ivica Kostelić   Ivica Kostelić [7]
2011   Klaus Kröll   Ivica Kostelić   Ivica Kostelić [7]
2010     Carlo Janka   Ivica Kostelić   Bode Miller [7]
2009     Didier Défago   Manfred Pranger     Carlo Janka [7]
2008   Bode Miller   Jean-Baptiste Grange   Jean-Baptiste Grange [7]
2007   Bode Miller  ——   Mario Matt
2006   Daron Rahlves   Giorgio Rocca   Benjamin Raich [7]
2005   Michael Walchhofer   Alois Vogl   Benjamin Raich [7]
2004  ——   Benjamin Raich  ——
2003     Bruno Kernen
  Stephan Eberharter (Fri)
  Giorgio Rocca   Kjetil André Aamodt
2002   Stephan Eberharter   Ivica Kostelić   Kjetil André Aamodt
2001  ——   Benjamin Raich  ——
2000   Josef Strobl   Kjetil André Aamodt  ——
1999   Lasse Kjus   Benjamin Raich   Lasse Kjus
1998   Andreas Schifferer
  Hermann Maier (Fri)
  Thomas Stangassinger [8]   Hermann Maier
1997   Kristian Ghedina   Thomas Sykora  ——
1996  ——  ——  ——
1995   Kyle Rasmussen
  Kristian Ghedina (Fri)
  Alberto Tomba   Marc Girardelli
1994     William Besse   Marc Girardelli [9]  ——
1993  ——  ——  ——
1992     Franz Heinzer   Alberto Tomba     Paul Accola
1991  ——  ——  ——
1990  ——  ——  ——
1989   Marc Girardelli
  Marc Girardelli (Fri)
  Rudolf Nierlich   Marc Girardelli
1988  ——  ——  ——
1987   Markus Wasmeier     Joel Gaspoz     Pirmin Zurbriggen
1986  ——   Rok Petrovic  ——
1985   Helmut Höflehner
  Peter Wirnsberger (Sun)
  Marc Girardelli   Michel Vion
1984   Bill Johnson  ——  ——
1983  ——  ——  ——
1982   Harti Weirather   Phil Mahre     Pirmin Zurbriggen
1981     Toni Bürgler   Bojan Krizaj   Valery Tsyganof
1980     Peter Müller
  Ken Read (Fri)
  Bojan Krizaj   Michael Veith
1979  ——  ——  ——
1978  ——   Klaus Heidegger  ——
1977   Franz Klammer   Ingemar Stenmark     Walter Tresch
1976   Franz Klammer
  Herbert Plank (Fri)
  Ingemar Stenmark   Franz Klammer
1975   Franz Klammer   Ingemar Stenmark   Gustav Thöni
1974    Roland Collombin   Christian Neureuther   David Zwilling
1973  ——   Christian Neureuther  ——
1972  ——   Jean-Noel Augert  ——
1971  ——  ——  ——
1970   Henri Duvillard   Patrick Russel   Henri Duvillard
1969   Karl Schranz   Reinhard Tritscher   Heini Messner
1968   Gerhard Nenning     Dumeng Giovanoli   Gerhard Nenning
1967   Jean-Claude Killy   Jean-Claude Killy   Jean-Claude Killy
1966   Karl Schranz   Guy Périllat   Karl Schranz
1965   Stefan Sodat   Guy Périllat   Karl Schranz
1964   Egon Zimmermann   Ludwig Leitner   Gerhard Nenning
1963   Karl Schranz   Guy Périllat   Guy Périllat
1962  ——     Adolf Mathis  ——
1961   Guy Périllat   Pepi Stiegler   Guy Périllat
1960   Willy Bogner   Hias Leitner   Pepi Stiegler
1959   Karl Schranz   Ernst Oberaigner   Ernst Oberaigner
1958   Toni Sailer   Josl Rieder   Buddy Werner
1957   Toni Sailer   Anderl Molterer   Josl Rieder
1956   Toni Sailer   Anderl Molterer   Josl Rieder
1955   Toni Sailer    Martin Julen   Toni Sailer
1954   Christian Pravda   Toni Spiss   Christian Pravda
1953   Anderl Molterer   Anderl Molterer   Anderl Molterer
1952   Othmar Schneider   Stein Eriksen   Othmar Schneider
1951   Othmar Schneider   Stein Eriksen   Othmar Schneider
1950     Fredy Rubi   Zeno Colò     Fredy Rubi
1949     Rudolf Graf   Zeno Colò     Adolf Odermatt
1948   Zeno Colò     Karl Molitor     Karl Molitor
1947     Karl Molitor   Olle Dalman     Edy Rominger
1946   Jean Blanc     Otto von Allmen     Karl Molitor
1945     Karl Molitor     Otto von Allmen     Otto von Allmen
1944     Rudolf Graf     Marcel von Allmen     Marcel von Allmen
1943     Karl Molitor     Heinz von Allmen     Heinz von Allmen
1942     Karl Molitor     Heinz von Allmen     Heinz von Allmen
1941     Rudolf Graf    Marcel von Allmen     Marcel von Allmen
1940    Karl Molitor    Karl Molitor    Karl Molitor
1939     Karl Molitor   Josef Jennewein   Willi Walch
1938     Heinz von Allmen   Rudi Canz     Heinz von Allmen
1937    Heinz von Allmen   Willi Walch   Willi Walch
1936    Hans Schlunegger     Hermann Steuri   Émile Allais
1935   Richard Werle     Arnold Glatthard     Hans Steuri
1934     Adolf Rubi     Adolf Rubi     Adolf Rubi
1933  ——  ——  ——
1932     Fritz Steuri     Fritz von Allmen     Fritz Steuri
1931     Fritz Steuri     Hans Schlunegger     Fritz Steuri
1930     Christian Rubi     Ernst Gertsch   Bill Bracken

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ InGerman "Lauberhornrennen", in English "Lauberhorn races" - http://www.lauberhorn.ch/de/home and http://www.lauberhorn.ch/en/home
  2. ^ "Race Course Overview". Verein Internationale Lauberhornrennen. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
  3. ^ Brennan, Dave (January 14, 2015). "Wengen's vengeance". Ski Racing. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
  4. ^ "Curling and Ski-ing at Muerren". Globe. England. 30 December 1911. Retrieved 19 June 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  5. ^ "The Camera as Recorder: News by Photography". Illustrated London News. England. 22 January 1927. Retrieved 19 June 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  6. ^ FIS-ski.com[permanent dead link] - World Cup podium results - Wengen - (1967-present)
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m A super combination was held (short downhill and a slalom).
  8. ^ The slalom took place in Veysonnaz.
  9. ^ Instead of a slalom a Super G was held.

External linksEdit