Latvian Chess Championship

The Latvian Chess Champsionship (Latvian: Latvijas Šaha čempionāts) is the annual national chess tournament of Latvia among men and women players, which was established in 1924. It is organized by the Latvian Chess Federation (Latvian: Latvijas Šaha federācija), previously - Latvian Chess Union (Latvian: Latvijas Šaha savienība).

Mikhail Tal was winner twice - in 1953 and 1965.
Jānis Klovāns won the Latvian Championship nine times: 1954, 1962, 1967, 1968, 1970, 1971, 1975, 1979, and 1986.
Edvīns Keņģis is an eight-time Latvian Champion, winning the national contest in 1984, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1997, 2004 and 2005.
Laura Rogule won the Latvian Chess Championship for women eleven times: 2003, 2005, 2006, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2013, 2015, 2016, 2020 and 2021.
Dana Reizniece-Ozola won the Latvian Chess Championship in 1998, 1999, 2000, and 2001.

HistoryEdit

The first professional Latvian chess players can be traced back to the 19th century, when Latvia was a part of the Russian Empire. They participated in chess tournaments and union congresses, organized by the Riga Chess Association which was founded in 1890. After World War I and the Latvian War of Independence and the establishment of the Latvian Chess Union in 1924, the official Latvian chess championship tradition was started as the Latvian Chess Congresses. The first Latvian Chess Congress took place in 1924 in Riga.[1]

After the start of the Soviet occupation of Latvia the 1940 edition was not held, but in 1941 the first Chess Championship of the Latvian SSR was played. The tournament was also played once during the German occupation during WWII, in 1943. After the restoration of Latvian independence, the Latvian Championship returned in 1990.

The tournament has been mostly held in the capital Riga and the village of Mežezers of Pļaviņas Municipality in southern Vidzeme.

Championships and winnersEdit

Year City Men's Winner Women's Winner
1924 Riga Hermanis Matisons
1926-7 Riga Fricis Apšenieks
1930-1 Riga Vladimirs Petrovs
1932 Jelgava Movsas Feigins
1934 Riga Fricis Apšenieks
1935 Riga Vladimirs Petrovs
1937 Riga Vladimirs Petrovs Milda Lauberte[2]
1938-9 Riga Vladimirs Petrovs Elise Vogel[3]
1941 Riga Alexander Koblencs Marta Krūmiņa
1943 Riga Igors Ždanovs Milda Lauberte
1944 Udelnaya, Russian SFSR Voldemārs Mežgailis
1945 Riga Alexander Koblencs[4]
1946 Riga Alexander Koblencs
1947 Riga Zigfrīds Solmanis
1948 Riga Augusts Strautmanis[5] Milda Lauberte
1949 Riga Alexander Koblencs[6] Milda Lauberte
1950 Riga Voldemārs Mežgailis Milda Lauberte
1951 Riga Mark Pasman Milda Lauberte
1952 Riga Jānis Kļaviņš Milda Lauberte[7]
1953 Riga Mikhail Tal Milda Lauberte
1954 Riga Jānis Klovāns Milda Lauberte[8]
1955 Riga Aivars Gipslis Milda Lauberte[9]
1956 Riga Aivars Gipslis Milda Lauberte
1957 Riga Aivars Gipslis Milda Lauberte[10]
1958 Riga Israel Zilber[11] Zara Nakhimovskaya
1959 Riga Kārlis Klāsups[12] Zara Nakhimovskaya
1960 Riga Aivars Gipslis Milda Lauberte
1961 Riga Aivars Gipslis Zara Nakhimovskaya
1962 Riga Jānis Klovāns Zara Nakhimovskaya
1963 Riga Aivars Gipslis Astra Klovāne
1964 Riga Aivars Gipslis Astra Klovāne
1965 Riga Mikhail Tal Astra Klovāne
1966 Riga Aivars Gipslis Benita Vēja[13]
1967 Riga Jānis Klovāns Vija Rožlapa
1968 Riga Jānis Klovāns[14] Sarma Sedleniece[15]
1969 Riga Anatolijs Šmits[16] Astra Klovāne
1970 Riga Jānis Klovāns Astra Klovāne
1971 Riga Jānis Klovāns Vija Rožlapa
1972 Riga Lev Gutman Vija Rožlapa
1973 Daugavpils(M) Riga(W) Alvis Vītoliņš Tamāra Vilerte
Ingrīda Priedīte
1974 Riga Juzefs Petkēvičs
Vladimir Kirpichnikov
Vija Rožlapa
1975 Riga Jānis Klovāns
Anatolijs Šmits
Astra Goldmane
1976 Riga Alvis Vītoliņš Ilze Rubene
1977 Riga Alvis Vītoliņš Astra Klovāne
1978 Riga Alvis Vītoliņš Astra Klovāne
1979 Riga Jānis Klovāns Ingrīda Priedīte
1980 Riga Valerij Zhuravliov Tatjana Voronova
1981 Riga Aleksander Wojtkiewicz Astra Goldmane
1982 Riga (M), Jūrmala (W) Alvis Vītoliņš Anda Šafranska
1983 Riga Alvis Vītoliņš Astra Goldmane[17]
1984 Riga Edvīns Ķeņģis Anda Šafranska
1985 Riga Alvis Vītoliņš
Juzefs Petkēvičs
Tatjana Voronova
1986 Riga Jānis Klovāns[18] Tatjana Voronova
1987 Riga Edvīns Ķeņģis Tatjana Voronova
1988 Riga Edvīns Ķeņģis Natālija Jerjomina
1989 Riga Edvīns Ķeņģis[19] Ingūna Erneste
1990 Riga Edvīns Ķeņģis Anda Šafranska
1991 Riga Normunds Miezis[20][21] Anda Šafranska
1992 Riga Valerij Zhuravliov[22][23] Anna Hahn[24]
1993 Riga Zigurds Lanka Anda Šafranska
1994 Riga Valerij Zhuravliov Anda Šafranska[25]
1995 Riga Igors Rausis Ilze Rubene[26]
1996 Riga Daniel Fridman Anda Šafranska
1997 Riga Edvīns Ķeņģis Anda Šafranska
1998 Riga Māris Krakops[27] Dana Reizniece[28]
1999 Riga Arturs Neikšāns Dana Reizniece
2000 Riga Viesturs Meijers Dana Reizniece
2001 Riga Guntars Antoms Dana Reizniece
2002 Riga Ilmārs Starostīts[29] Ingūna Erneste
2003 Riga Evgeny Sveshnikov Laura Rogule
2004 Riga Edvīns Ķeņģis[30] Ilze Bērziņa[30]
2005 Riga Edvīns Ķeņģis Laura Rogule
2006 Riga Normunds Miezis Laura Rogule
2008 Mežezers (Pļaviņas Municipality) Evgeny Sveshnikov Ilze Bērziņa
2009 Mežezers (Pļaviņas Municipality) Vitālijs Samoļins[31] Laura Rogule
2010 Mežezers (Pļaviņas Municipality) Evgeny Sveshnikov Laura Rogule
2011 Mežezers (Pļaviņas Municipality) Arturs Neikšāns Laura Rogule
2012 Riga Vitālijs Samoļins Ilze Bērziņa
2013 Riga Igor Kovalenko Laura Rogule
2014 Riga Igor Kovalenko Katrīna Šķiņķe
2015 Riga Arturs Neikšāns Laura Rogule
2016 Riga Vladimirs Svešņikovs Laura Rogule
2017 Riga Arturs Bernotas Linda Krūmiņa
2018 Riga Ņikita Meškovs Elizabete Limanovska
2019 Riga Arturs Neikšāns Ilze Bērziņa
2020 Riga Zigurds Lanka Laura Rogule
2021 Riga Rolands Bērziņš Laura Rogule
2022 Riga Ilmārs Starostīts Laura Rogule

Multiple championsEdit

# Men's Winner Titles Years
1 Jānis Klovāns 9 1954, 1962, 1967-68, 1970-71, 1975, 1979, 1986
2 Aivars Gipslis 8 1955-57, 1960-61, 1963-64, 1966
3 Edvīns Ķeņģis 8 1984, 1987-90, 1997, 2004-05
4 Alvis Vītoliņš 7 1973, 1976-78, 1982-83, 1985
5 Vladimirs Petrovs 4 1930, 1935, 1937, 1938
6 Aleksandrs Koblencs 4 1941, 1945-46, 1949
9 Arturs Neikšāns 4 1999, 2011, 2015, 2019
7 Valerij Zhuravliov 3 1980, 1992, 1994
8 Evgeny Sveshnikov 3 2003, 2008, 2010
10 Fricis Apšenieks 2 1927, 1934
11 Voldemārs Mežgailis 2 1944, 1950
12 Mikhail Tal 2 1953, 1965
13 Anatolijs Šmits 2 1969, 1975
14 Juzefs Petkēvičs 2 1974, 1985
15 Normunds Miezis 2 1991, 2006
16 Vitālijs Samoļins 2 2009, 2012
17 Igor Kovalenko 2 2013-14
18 Zigurds Lanka 2 1993, 2020
19 Ilmārs Starostīts 2 2002, 2022
# Women's Winner Titles Years
1 Milda Lauberte 13 1937, 1943, 1948-57, 1960
2 Laura Rogule 12 2003, 2005-06, 2009-11, 2013, 2015-16, 2020-22
3 Anda Šafranska 8 1982, 1984, 1990-91, 1993-94, 1996-97
4 Astra Klovāne 7 1963-65, 1969-70, 1977-78
5 Zara Nakhimovskaya 4 1958-59, 1961-62
6 Vija Rožlapa 4 1967, 1971-72, 1974
7 Tatjana Voronova 4 1980, 1985-87
8 Dana Reizniece 4 1998-2001
10 Ilze Bērziņa 4 2004, 2008, 2012, 2019
9 Astra Goldmane 3 1975, 1981, 1983
11 Ingrīda Priedīte 2 1973, 1979
12 Ilze Rubene 2 1976, 1995
13 Ingūna Erneste 2 1989, 2002

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "šahs Latvijā". Latvian National Encyclopedia (in Latvian). Retrieved 2020-12-16.
  2. ^ Match victory over Elise Vogel 4:0
  3. ^ Additional tournament results: 1. Elise Vogel 3 (+3, =0, -1) 2. Emīlija Šmite 2 (+2, =0, -2) 3. Marta Krūmiņa 1 (+1, =0, -3)
  4. ^ Vladimir Alatortsev played 'hors concours' in the 1945 Latvian Championship at Riga, and won the tournament (but not the title)
  5. ^ Match victory over Igors Ždanovs 4:3 (+3, =2, -2)
  6. ^ Mark Taimanov played 'hors concours' in the 1949 Latvian Championship at Riga, and won the tournament (but not the title)
  7. ^ Match victory over Lidiya Paramonova 3,5:0,5
  8. ^ Match victory over Zara Nakhimovskaya 3,5:2,5 (+2, =3, -1)
  9. ^ Match victory over Ārija Jansone 3,5:1,5 (+3, =1, -1)
  10. ^ Olga Ignatieva played 'hors concours' in the 1957 Latvian Women's Championship at Riga, and won the tournament (but not the title)
  11. ^ Match victory over Aivars Gipslis 3,5:2,5 (+1, =5, -0)
  12. ^ Match victory over Pēteris Kampenuss 4:3 (+3, =2, -2)
  13. ^ Match victory over Astra Klovāne 2,5:1,5 (+2, =1, -1)
  14. ^ Match victory over Valerij Zhuravliov 4:2 (+3, =2, -1)
  15. ^ Match victory over Ilga Kļaviņa 3,5:1,5 (+3, =1, -1)
  16. ^ Match victory over Juzefs Petkēvičs 3,5:1,5 (+2, =3, -0)
  17. ^ Match victory over Anda Šafranska 3:1 (+3, =0, -1)
  18. ^ Match victory over Alvis Vītoliņš 2:0
  19. ^ Additional tournament results: 1. Edvīns Ķeņģis 2,5 (+1, =3, -0) 2. Jānis Klovāns 2 (+1, =2, -1) 3. Alvis Vītoliņš 1,5 (+1, =1, -2)
  20. ^ Evgeny Sveshnikov won the open tournament (but not the title)
  21. ^ Match victory over Alvis Vītoliņš 2,5:1,5 (+2, =1, -1)
  22. ^ Sergey Okrugin won the open tournament (but not the title)
  23. ^ Match victory over Jānis Daudzvārdis 2:0
  24. ^ Tuulikki Laesson won the open tournament (but not the title)
  25. ^ Match victory over Olita Rause 2,5:1,5 (+2, =1, -1)
  26. ^ Additional match with Anda Šafranska was drawn 2:2 (+1, =2, -1) but Ilze Rubene had the better Berger coefficient in the main tournament
  27. ^ Match victory over Juzefs Petkēvičs 2,5:1,5 (+1, =3, -0)
  28. ^ Match victory over Tatjana Voronova 2,5:1,5 (+1, =3, -0) (Ventspils)
  29. ^ Additional tournament results: 1. Ilmārs Starostīts 1,5 (+1, =1, -0) 2. Viesturs Meijers 1 (+1, =0, -1) 3. Rolands Bērziņš 0,5 (+0, =1, -1)
  30. ^ a b Best of Latvian participants in "Riga Open - 2004"
  31. ^ Daniil Lintchevski won the open tournament (but not the title)

External linksEdit