Later Liang (Five Dynasties)

Liang, known in historiography as the Later Liang (simplified Chinese: 后梁; traditional Chinese: 後梁; pinyin: Hòu Liáng) (1 June 907 – 19 November 923) or the Zhu Liang (Chinese: 朱梁), was an imperial dynasty of China and the first of the Five Dynasties during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period. It was founded by Zhu Wen (Emperor Taizu), after he forced the last emperor of the Tang dynasty to abdicate in his favour (and then murdered him). The Later Liang would last until 923 when it was destroyed by the Later Tang dynasty.

CapitalLuoyang (907–913)
Kaifeng (913–923)
Common languagesMiddle Chinese
• 907–912
Emperor Taizu
• 912–913
Zhu Yougui
• 913–923
Emperor Modi
Historical eraFive Dynasties
• Established
1 June 907
• Surrender of Kaifeng
19 November 923
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Tang dynasty
Later Tang
Jie Yan
Today part ofChina
Stone relief from the tomb of Wang Chuzhi. National Museum, Beijing


Temple names Posthumous names Family names and given name Chinese naming conventions Durations of reigns Era names and their according durations
Taìzǔ (太祖) Xiànwǔ (獻武) Zhū Wēn (朱溫) Family name and given name 907–912 Kaīpíng (開平) 907–911
Qiánhuà (乾化) 911–912
Did not exist none Zhu Yougui (朱友珪) Family name and given name 912–913 Qiánhuà (乾化) 912–913
Fènglì (鳳曆) 913
Did not exist Mò (末)[note 1] Zhū Zhèn (朱瑱) Family name and given name 913–923 Qiánhuà (乾化) 913–915
Zhēnmíng (貞明) 915–921
Lóngdé (龍德) 921–923

Rulers' family treeEdit

Later Liang
Zhu Wen 朱溫 852–912
Taizu 太祖
Zhu Yougui
朱友圭 d. 913
Zhu Zhen 朱瑱 888–923
Modi 末帝

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Mo ("last") is not a true posthumous name, but he is often referred to as "Emperor Mo" as the last emperor of the dynasty.


  • Mote, F.W. (1999). Imperial China: 900–1800. Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-01212-7.