Lasiopetalum

Lasiopetalum, commonly known as velvet bushes,[2] is a genus of about forty-five species of flowering plants in the family Malvaceae, all endemic to Australia.

Lasiopetalum
Lasiopetalum behrii.jpg
Lasiopetalum behrii
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Tribe: Lasiopetaleae
Genus: Lasiopetalum
Sm.[1]
Species

See text.

DescriptionEdit

Most species of Lasiopetalum are spreading or prostrate, many-branched shrubs. Commonly known as velvet bushes, they derive their common name from the pubescent (finely-furred) nature of the stems, leaves and flowers. Their leaves are generally arranged alternately on the stems. The flowerheads are either axillary or terminal. The flowers are small, the five-lobed calyces are hairy and the petals tiny.[2]

The genus is allied to the genera Guichenotia and Thomasia. The greatest diversity of species is in Western Australia,[2] where 24 species are found, of which 8 are endemic to the region.[3]

TaxonomyEdit

The genus Lasiopetalum was first formally described in 1798 by James Edward Smith in Transactions of the Linnean Society of London.[4][5] The genus name is derived from the Ancient Greek word lasios "hairy", and the Botanical Greek petalon "petal", and refers to the hairy calyx.[2] Lasiopetalum was previously classified in the family Sterculiaceae, however that family has been sunk into an expanded Malvaceae. Within the family, it gives its name to its tribe Lasiopetaleae, which contains about ten genera, located mostly in Australia. It is closely related to Guichenotia, although the exact relationship and genus delineation is unclear pending further research.[6]

Distribution and habitatEdit

Species occur in lowland sclerophyll forest and heathland habitats and are endemic to Australia.[2]

Use in horticultureEdit

The genus is rarely cultivated, although many species have flushes of attractive reddish hairy new growth, and several were cultivated in England in the 19th century.[2]

Species listEdit

The following is a list of Lasiopetalum species, accapeted by the Australian Plant Census as at December 2020:[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Lasiopetalum". Australian Plant Census. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Elliot, Rodger W.; Jones, David L.; Blake, Trevor (1993). Encyclopaedia of Australian Plants Suitable for Cultivation:Volume 6 - K-M. Port Melbourne: Lothian Press. pp. 48–49. ISBN 0-85091-589-9.
  3. ^ "Lasiopetalum". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife.
  4. ^ "Lasiopetalum". APNI. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  5. ^ Smith, James Edward (1798). "The Characters of Twenty New Genera of Plants". Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. 4: 216–217. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  6. ^ C.F. Wilkins; J.A. Chapill (2003). "Taxonomic revision of Guichenotia (Lasiopetaleae: Malvaceae s.l. or Sterculiaceae)". Australian Systematic Botany. 16 (3): 323–60. doi:10.1071/SB02015.
  7. ^ "Lasiopetalum Sm". Australian Plant Census. Retrieved 29 December 2020.

External linksEdit