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Larry Young (also known as Khalid Yasin [Abdul Aziz]; October 7, 1940 – March 30, 1978) was an American jazz organist and occasional pianist. Young's early work was strongly influenced by the soul jazz of Jimmy Smith, but he later pioneered a more experimental, modal approach to the Hammond B-3.
|Also known as||Khalid Yasin|
|Born||October 7, 1940|
Newark, New Jersey, U.S.
|Died||March 30, 1978 (aged 37)|
New York City, New York, U.S.
Young played with various R&B bands in the 1950s, before gaining jazz experience with Jimmy Forrest, Lou Donaldson, Kenny Dorham, Hank Mobley and Tommy Turrentine. Recording as a leader for Prestige from 1960, Young made a number of soul jazz discs, Testifying, Young Blues and Groove Street. When Young signed with Blue Note around 1964, his music began to show the marked influence of John Coltrane. In this period, he produced his most enduring work. He recorded several times as part of a trio with guitarist Grant Green and drummer Elvin Jones, ehich were occasionally augmented by additional players. Most of these albums were released under Green's name, though Into Somethin' (with Sam Rivers on saxophone) became Young's Blue Note debut. Unity, recorded in 1965, remains his best-known album; it features a front line of Joe Henderson and the young Woody Shaw. Subsequent albums for Blue Note (Contrasts, Of Love and Peace, Heaven On Earth, Mother Ship) also drew on elements of the 1960s avant-garde and utilised local musicians from Young's hometown of Newark. Young then became a part of some of the earliest fusion groups: first on Emergency! with the Tony Williams Lifetime (with Tony Williams and John McLaughlin) and also on Miles Davis's Bitches Brew. His sound with Lifetime was made distinct by his often very percussive approach and regular heavy use of guitar and synthesizer-like effects. He is also known for a jam he recorded with rock guitarist Jimi Hendrix, which was released after Hendrix's death on the album, Nine to the Universe.
In March 1978, he checked into the hospital for stomach pains. He died there on March 30, 1978, while being treated for what is said to be pneumonia. However, the actual cause of his death is unclear.
- Testifying (New Jazz, 1960)
- Young Blues (New Jazz, 1960)
- Groove Street (Prestige, 1962)
- Into Somethin' (Blue Note, 1965) – recorded in 1964
- Unity (Blue Note, 1966) – recorded in 1965
- Of Love and Peace (Blue Note, 1967) – recorded in 1966
- Contrasts (Blue Note, 1968) – recorded in 1967
- Heaven on Earth (Blue Note, 1969) – recorded in 1968
- Lawrence of Newark (Perception, 1975) – recorded in 1973
- Fuel (Arista, 1975)
- Spaceball (Arista, 1976)
- The Magician (Acanta/Bellaphon, 1977)
- Mother Ship (Blue Note, 1980) – recorded in 1969
- Larry Young in Paris: The ORTF Sessions (Resonance, 2016) - recorded for French radio in 1964 and 1965
With Joe Chambers
With Miles Davis
With Jimmy Forrest
- Forrest Fire (New Jazz, 1960)
With Grant Green
- Talkin' About! (Blue Note, 1965) – recorded in 1964
- His Majesty King Funk (Verve, 1965)
- I Want to Hold Your Hand (Blue Note, 1966) – recorded in 1965
- Street of Dreams (Blue Note, 1967) – recorded in 1964
With Etta Jones
- Love Shout (Prestige, 1963) – recorded in 1962-63
With Gildo Mahones
- I'm Shooting High (Prestige, 1964) – recorded in 1963
- The Great Gildo (Prestige, 1965) – recorded in 1963-64
With John McLaughlin
- Gumbo! (Prestige, 1963) - with bonus tracks on CD
With Woody Shaw
- In the Beginning (Muse, 1983) - recorded in 1965. also released as Cassandranite.
With Thornel Schwartz and Bill Leslie
With Buddy Terry
- Natural Soul (Prestige, 1968) – recorded in 1967
With Love Cry Want (Nicholas/Gallivan/Young)
- Love Cry Want (Newjazz.com, 1997) - recorded in 1972
- Colin Larkin, ed. (1992). The Guinness Who's Who of Jazz (First ed.). Guinness Publishing. p. 441. ISBN 0-85112-580-8.
- "Larry Young | Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved August 3, 2021.
- Biography, Larry Young Music. Accessed February 5, 2020. "Larry McCoy attended Arts High School in Newark, New Jersey in 1954. While at Arts High, Larry was a bass singer in a vocal group called the Challengers, a member of the Operetta Club and the leader of his own jazz combo."
- "Jazz news: Larry Young: 1964-65". News.allaboutjazz.com. Retrieved August 3, 2021.
- "Larry Young's Self-Questioning Jazz". The New Yorker. 8 March 2016. Retrieved August 3, 2021.
- "Young, Larry Jr. (Khaled Yasin) – Jazz News". 27 December 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-12-27. Retrieved August 3, 2021.
- "Larry Young | Album Discography". AllMusic. Retrieved August 3, 2021.
- Larry Young discography at Discogs
- 'Unity: Larry Young and Black Music, from Soul Jazz to Free to Fusion' at Point of Departure