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List of urban areas in the European Union

This is a list of urban areas in the European Union with over 500,000 inhabitants as of 2014. The data comes from Demographia and the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.[1][2][3] Demographia provides figures for urban areas (including conurbations),[2] while the UN DESA figures are for agglomerations only.[3] For comparison, Function Urban Area (FUA) population figures by Eurostat are also provided, however, these measure the wider metropolitan areas.

Contents

Important notesEdit

  • This is a list of urban areas, not a list of metropolitan areas. Urban areas are contiguous built-up areas where houses are typically not more than 200 m apart, not including rivers, parks, roads, industrial fields, etc. A metropolitan area is an urban area plus any satellite cities around it and any agricultural land in between. For instance London is sometimes listed with 14 million inhabitants, Stuttgart is frequently listed with 2.2 million inhabitants, Munich with 2 million or more, etc., indicating the wider metropolitan area of those places. Metropolitan areas, which imply much more complicated definitions (such as the proportion of people in satellite cities working in the core of the metropolitan area), can be accurately computed only by statistical offices, after they have chosen a definition for metropolitan areas, whereas urban areas can be computed by any institution or person with the study of maps, satellite imagery and other geographical data in order to determine the outer limits of a continuous built-up area with one or more neighbouring cities. Furthermore, the list does not make a difference between cities that have multiple satellites and cities that do not. Therefore, two cities with the same demographics for their urban area will have an equal ranking on this list, even if one of the two cities may be much larger as it is the core of a number of satellites.
  • This is a list of urban areas, not a list of administrative cities. For example, the list of conurbations contains the urban area of Lille-Kortrijk. Lille and Kortrijk remain two very distinct cities, each belonging to a different country, culture and language area. For a list of the largest cities of the European Union by population, please see List of cities in the European Union by population within city limits.
  • The study of urban areas is useful to analyse how cities develop, which in turn can be used to define transportation, planning and environmental policies, to adjust administrative boundaries etc. At the same time its limitations have to be acknowledged. It is a purely geographic study and disregards all other factors that contribute to the analysis of the functional city. For instance, several cities in the European Union such as Brussels and London have reserved green belts in the outskirts which impacts the size of urban areas but not the "perceived city" as these green belts have now become integrated in what people consider to be the functional city.

Urban areas over 500,000 inhabitants (2015-2017)Edit

Rank Urban area Image State Population (urban areas; Demographia)[2] Population (agglomerations; UN WUP)[3] FUA population (metropolitan areas; Eurostat)[1] Density
(per km2;
Demographia)
Annual growth
rate (%;

Demographia)
1 Paris     France 10,950,000 10,843,285 11,800,000 3,800 0.83
2 London     United Kingdom 10,470,000 10,313,307 12,200,000 5,900 0.07
3 Ruhr     Germany 6,670,000 N/A 11,300,000 2,800 0.01
4 Madrid     Spain 6,610,000 6,729,254 7,100,000 4,600 0.27
5 Milan     Italy 5,280,000 3,098,974 n/a 2,800 −0.16
6 Barcelona     Spain 5,260,000 5,658,319 5,900,000 4,300 0.12
7 Berlin     Germany 4,105,000 3,863,194 n/a 2,900 0.01
8 Rome     Italy 3,950,000 3,717,956 n/a 3,400 0.89
9 Naples     Italy 3,700,000 2,201,789 n/a 3,600 0.01
10 Athens     Greece 3,475,000 3,051,899 n/a 5,000 0.29
11 Lisbon     Portugal 2,700,000 2,884,297 n/a 2,800 0.39
12 Katowice (Katowice urban area)     Poland 2,700,000 N/A n/a 3,300 0.11
13 Manchester     United Kingdom 2,685,000 2,645,598 n/a 4,200 −0.03
14 RotterdamThe Hague  
 
  Netherlands 2,670,000 N/A n/a 2,700 0.39
15 Birmingham     United Kingdom 2,550,000 2,514,596 n/a 4,200 −0.03
16 Budapest     Hungary 2,500,000 1,713,903 3,100,000 1,900 −0.19
17 Prague     Czech Republic 2,300,000 2,156,809 2,620,000 4,600 −0.07[4]
18 Warsaw     Poland 2,200,000 1,722,310 3,000,000 3,200 0.67
19 Cologne-Bonn     Germany 2,165,000 N/A n/a 2,300 0.50
20 Brussels   2,120,000 2,044,993 n/a 2,600 0.02[4]
21 Bucharest     Romania 2,115,000 1,867,724 n/a 6,500 0.10[4]
22 Hamburg     Germany 2,105,000 1,830,673 n/a 2,700 0.43[4]
23 Munich     Germany 2,025,000 1,437,900 n/a 4,200 0.72[4]
24 Leeds-Bradford     United Kingdom 1,955,000 1,912,493 n/a 3,900 0.24[4]
25 Frankfurt     Germany 1,950,000 n/a n/a 3,000 0.50
26 Vienna     Austria 1,785,000 1,752,845 n/a 3,900 1.04[4]
27 Kraków     Poland 1,726,000 1,725,894 n/a 3,500
28 Amsterdam     Netherlands 1,650,000 1,090,772 n/a 3,200 0.41[4]
29 Lyon     France 1,650,000 1,608,712 n/a 1,300 0.50[4]
30 Marseille     France 1,620,000 1,605,046 n/a 3,100 0.46[4]
31 Valencia     Spain 1,585,000 n/a 5,700 0.29[4]
32 Stockholm     Sweden 1,565,000 1,485,680 n/a 4,300 0.58[4]
33 Turin     Italy 1,530,000 1,764,868 n/a 4,100 −0.16[4]
34 Porto     Portugal 1,485,000 1,299,437 n/a 1,900
35 Poznań     Poland 1,400,000 n/a 2,700
36 Stuttgart     Germany 1,395,000 n/a 2,900
37 Sofia     Bulgaria 1,325,000 1,226,155 1,543,377 5,700 0.78[4]
38 Copenhagen     Denmark 1,290,000 1,268,052 1,900,000 2,700 0.04[4]
39 Helsinki     Finland 1,280,000 1,179,916 n/a 2,400 0.81[4]
40 Glasgow     United Kingdom 1,235,000 1,222,955 n/a 3,300 0.07[4]
41 Antwerp     Belgium 1,200,000 n/a 1,500 0.05[4]
42 Wrocław     Poland 1,165,000 n/a 4,800
43 Dublin     Ireland 1,158,000 1,169,371 n/a 2,500 1.14[4]
44 Sevilla     Spain 1,110,000 n/a 5,600
45 Łódź     Poland 1,100,000 n/a 5,000 −0.67[4]
46 Gdańsk (Tricity)     Poland 1,080,700 n/a 5,000
47 Lille     France,   Belgium 1,065,000 1,027,178 n/a 2,200 0.50[4]
48 Nice     France 975,000 n/a 1,300 0.52[4]
49 Toulouse     France 965,000 n/a 1,100 0.72[4]
50 Bordeaux     France 960,000 n/a 700 0.60[4]
51 Nantes     France 900,000 n/a 1,100
52 South Hampshire     United Kingdom 895,000 n/a
53 Liverpool     United Kingdom 880,000 n/a 4,400 0.11[4]
54 Bergamo     Italy 860,000 n/a 3,300
55 Florence     Italy 835,000 n/a 3,700
56 Thessaloniki     Greece 825,000 n/a 4,300 0.39[4]
57 Newcastle upon Tyne (Tyneside)     United Kingdom 800,000 n/a 4,200 0.16[4]
58 Bilbao     Spain 780,000 n/a 5,800
59 Nottingham     United Kingdom 765,000 n/a 4,200
60 Dresden     Germany 740,000 n/a 2,200
61 Zaragoza     Spain 735,000 n/a 5,700
62 Catania     Italy 730,000 n/a 2,900
63 Palermo     Italy 730,000 n/a 6,000 0.12[4]
64 Málaga     Spain 725,000 n/a 3,600
65 Hannover     Germany 715,000 n/a 2,500
66 Sheffield     United Kingdom 715,000 n/a 4,000
67 Zagreb     Croatia 705,000 n/a 4,400
68 Utrecht     Netherlands 690,000 n/a 3,900
69 Las Palmas     Spain 675,000 n/a 6,800
70 Nuremberg     Germany 675,000 n/a 3,000
71 Bristol     United Kingdom 660,000 n/a 3,900
72 Bremen     Germany 635,000 n/a 2,400
73 Genova     Italy 615,000 1,500,000 n/a 7,900
74 Belfast     United Kingdom 615,000 n/a 3,500
75 Padua     Italy 610,000 n/a 3,200
76 Leipzig     Germany 605,000 n/a 2,000
77 Riga     Latvia 605,000 n/a 2,900
78 Gothenburg     Sweden 590,000 n/a 2,700
79 Toulon     France 585,000 n/a 700
80 Mannheim     Germany 565,000 n/a 3,500
81 Liège     Belgium 560,000 n/a 1,900
82 Palma, Majorca     Spain 550,000
83 Vilnius     Lithuania 550,000 649,000 n/a 2,500
84 Santa Cruz de Tenerife     Spain 545,000
85 Aachen     Germany 545,000 n/a 1,500
86 Leicester     United Kingdom 545,000 n/a
87 Bologna     Italy 530,000 n/a 3,400
88 Murcia     Spain 515,000
89 Grenoble     France 515,000 n/a 985
90 Saarbrücken     Germany 510,000 n/a 2,200
91 Douai-Lens      France 510,000 n/a 1,100
92 Edinburgh     United Kingdom 500,000

Top 20 urban areas by populationEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Eurostat: Statistics on European cities. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  2. ^ a b c Demographia: World Urban Areas. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
  3. ^ a b c Annual Population of Urban Agglomerations with 300,000 Inhabitants or More in 2014, by Country, 1950-2030 (thousands), World Urbanization Prospects, the 2014 revision, Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Retrieved 6 September 2015. Note: List based on estimates for 2015, from 2014.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab United Nations: World Urbanization Prospects Archived 10 March 2007 at Archive.today

External linksEdit