Larak Island (also Lark Island) is an island off the coast of Iran, which has been one of Iran's major oil export points since 1987. The narrowest part of the Strait of Hormuz at distance of 24 miles (39 km) lies between the island and the Omani-owned Quoin Island.
|Location||Strait of Hormuz|
|Adjacent bodies of water||Persian Gulf|
|Area||49 km2 (19 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||81 m (266 ft)|
|Rural District||Larak Rural District|
|Largest settlement||Larak Shahri (pop. 466)|
|Jazīreh-ye Lārak North Lighthouse|
|Tower height||18 m (59 ft)|
|Tower shape||cylindrical tower with balcony and lantern|
|Power source||solar power|
|Focal height||40 m (130 ft)|
|Range||18 nmi (33 km; 21 mi)|
|Characteristic||Fl(2) W 10s|
During their occupation in the 16th century, the Portuguese built fortresses here, as well as on the nearby Qeshm and Hormuz Islands. The island contains an Iranian military base which maintains several Chinese-made Silkworm HY-2 surface-to-surface missiles placed there in 1987.
A floating terminal was established on Larak Island in June 1986. The island was bombed by Iraq in November and December 1986, as part of the Iran–Iraq War. As part of Operation Praying Mantis, the Iranian frigate Sahand was sunk by the United States Navy, 200 meters southwest of Larak Island. On 14 May 1988, the largest ship at the time, the Liberian supertanker, Seawise Giant, whilst carrying crude Iranian oil, was sunk by Iraqi anti-ship missiles off the coast of Larak Island. The ship was later refloated and repaired.
Larak Island is located in the Larak Rural District, which is within the Shahab District. Two settlements are on the island: Larak Shahri and Larak Kuhi. Larak Shahri is the largest of the two villages, with a population of 466 people and 98 families.
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