Larak Island

Larak Island (also Lark Island) is an island off the coast of Iran, which has been one of Iran's major oil export points since 1987. The narrowest part of the Strait of Hormuz at distance of 24 miles (39 km) lies between the island and the Omani-owned Quoin Island.[4]

Larak Island
Native name:
جزیره لارک
Larak fr.jpg
Larak Island is located in Persian Gulf
Larak Island
Larak Island
LocationStrait of Hormuz
Coordinates26°51′12″N 56°21′20″E / 26.85333°N 56.35556°E / 26.85333; 56.35556[1]
Adjacent bodies of waterPersian Gulf
Area49 km2 (19 sq mi)
Highest elevation81 m (266 ft)
CountyQeshm County
Rural DistrictLarak Rural District
Largest settlementLarak Shahri (pop. 466)
Jazīreh-ye Lārak North Lighthouse Edit this at Wikidata
Constructed2008 Edit this on Wikidata
Constructionconcrete tower
Tower height18 m (59 ft) Edit this on Wikidata
Tower shapecylindrical tower with balcony and lantern[2][3]
Markingsunpainted tower
Power sourcesolar power Edit this on Wikidata
Focal height40 m (130 ft) Edit this on Wikidata
Range18 nmi (33 km; 21 mi) Edit this on Wikidata
CharacteristicFl(2) W 10s Edit this on Wikidata
NGA no.112-28669 Edit this at Wikidata
Admiralty no.D7337.5 Edit this on Wikidata


During their occupation in the 16th century, the Portuguese built fortresses here, as well as on the nearby Qeshm and Hormuz Islands.[5] The island contains an Iranian military base which maintains several Chinese-made Silkworm HY-2 surface-to-surface missiles placed there in 1987.[6]

A floating terminal was established on Larak Island in June 1986.[7] The island was bombed by Iraq in November and December 1986, as part of the Iran–Iraq War. As part of Operation Praying Mantis, the Iranian frigate Sahand was sunk by the United States Navy, 200 meters southwest of Larak Island. On 14 May 1988, the largest ship at the time, the Liberian supertanker, Seawise Giant, whilst carrying crude Iranian oil, was sunk by Iraqi anti-ship missiles off the coast of Larak Island.[8] The ship was later refloated and repaired.


Larak Island is located in the Larak Rural District, which is within the Shahab District. Two settlements are on the island: Larak Shahri and Larak Kuhi.[9] Larak Shahri is the largest of the two villages, with a population of 466 people and 98 families.


The waters around Larak Island are one of the most diverse coral reef areas in the environment of the Persian Gulf. There are 37 species of scleractinian corals identified around Larak Island.[10]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Larak Island Map, Weather and Photos". GetAMap. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
  2. ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Iran". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
  3. ^ NGA List of Lights – Pub.112 Retrieved 1 October 2016
  4. ^ Joyner, Christopher C. (1 January 1990). The Persian Gulf War: Lessons for Strategy, Law, and Diplomacy. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-313-26710-9.
  5. ^ Near East/South Asia Report. Foreign Broadcast Information Service. 1983. p. 58.
  6. ^ Metz, Helen Chapin (1989). Iran: A Country Study. Federal Research Division, Library of Congress. p. 257.
  7. ^ Conflict and Cooperation in the Gulf Region. Springer. 22 January 2009. p. 74. ISBN 978-3-531-91337-7.
  8. ^ Lloyd's Nautical Year Book. Lloyd's. 1988. p. 147. ISBN 9781850441953.
  9. ^ "Larak Kuhi: map, population, location". TipTopGlobe. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
  10. ^ J. Vajed Samiei; K. Dab; P. Ghezellou; A. Shirvani (3 April 2013). "Some scleractinian corals (Scleractinia: Anthozoa) of Larak Island, Persian Gulf". Zootaxa. 3636 (1): 101–43. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3636.1.5. PMID 26042286.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 26°51′N 56°21′E / 26.850°N 56.350°E / 26.850; 56.350