Lanzhou University

Coordinates: 36°2′47.8″N 103°51′29.0″E / 36.046611°N 103.858056°E / 36.046611; 103.858056

Lanzhou University (simplified Chinese: 兰州大学; traditional Chinese: 蘭州大學; pinyin: Lánzhōu Dàxué) is a major research university in Lanzhou, Gansu, China. Founded in 1909, it is one of the key universities under China's Ministry of Education (Project 985 and Project 211). It is a Chinese Ministry of Education Class A Double First Class University.[5]

Lanzhou University
兰州大学
Lanzhou Univ logo.png
Motto自强不息 独树一帜[1]
Motto in English
Constantly Improving, Blazing Our Own Path[2]
TypePublic
Established1909
PresidentYan Chunhua 严纯华
Academic staff
2,135
Administrative staff
836
Undergraduates19,775
Postgraduates10,572
2,559
Address
222 South Tianshui Road, Lanzhou
, , ,
China
ColorsBlue   Black  [3][4]
Nickname兰大 LanDa
Websitewww.lzu.edu.cn
Lanzhou University

It provides programs for undergraduate, graduate students on four campuses—three in Lanzhou city centre and one in Yuzhong County, about 30 miles away from the main campus. Total enrolment compromises of approximately 20,000 undergraduates, 10,572 graduates, 2,559 doctoral students, and about 700 registered international students from 64 countries and regions across 5 continents.[6][7] Undergraduate students study at the Yuzhong campus. There are 6 National Bases for the Training of Researching and Teaching personnel for Fundamental Disciplines. The University operates an additional 35 institutes along with 1 national key Laboratory of the Applied Organic and 3 key laboratories of Arid and Grassland Ecology, West China Environment, Magnetism and Magnetic Materials of the Ministry of Education, a key laboratory of Grassland Agro-ecosystem of the Ministry of Agriculture. Lanzhou University was one of the first universities entitled to enroll Bachelor Master’s and Doctoral degree candidates in 1981. Lanzhou University is one of the top ten universities in contributions to academic publications in international journals frequently cited by ongoing research from around the world, ranking the 26th among all Chinese Universities in number of citations per paper.[8]

HistoryEdit

Lanzhou University's history traces back to 1909 when its predecessor, the Gansu School of Law and Politics, was founded. The School of Law and Politics became the Sun Yat-sen University of Lanzhou in 1928 and from 1945, the National Lanzhou University. After 1949, it went by the name Lanzhou University. It was designated one of China's 14 key universities.[8][9]

In 1932 the Lanzhou Medical College and its affiliated hospital were founded.[10]

In 2002 the Gansu Grassland Ecology Research Institute, and in 2004 the Lanzhou Medical College were incorporated into Lanzhou University.[8]

Lanzhou University is noted for being one of China's premier institutions of higher learning with its position as the best university in Northwestern China.[11]

In 2017, Lanzhou University was designated as a class A university in the Double First Class University Plan.[11]

Lanzhou University maintains one of China's top ten Ph.D. programs in physics, chemistry, atmospheric sciences and geography and highly ranked programs in information science, biology, botany, mathematics, history, media, ecology and Chinese literature. It is especially noted in fundamental science, ranked in the top 1% of the Essential Science Indicators index.[11]

The landing system of China's Chang'e 4 lunar lander was thanks to a Lanzhou University developed gamma shutdown sensor.[11]

 
Lanzhou University Staff Housing Campus

Primary laboratoriesEdit

Lanzhou University has three primary laboratories and analytical testing facility sanctioned by the Chinese Ministry of Education and deemed as high importance to the state.

Laboratory of Arid AgroecologyEdit

The laboratory was founded in 1991 under ratification of the Planning Commission of China and engaged in arid agriculture ecology research. The Laboratory of Arid Agroecology is the only lab engaged in arid agriculture ecology research under the Chinese Ministry of Education. The lab has been highly developed on the basis of the authorization to confer bachelor, masters, doctorate and post-doctoral degrees through the financial aid of the World Bank loan.

Laboratory of Applied Organic ChemistryEdit

The Laboratory of Applied Organic Chemistry was one of the first state key laboratories ratified by Planning Commission of China. It was founded in December 1987, open to visiting scholars and scientists from both within China and abroad. It is one primary laboratories to cultivate talents for organic chemistry. The researches of the laboratory focus on organic molecular chemistry of special function, especially in the field of basic research on active organic molecules.

Open Laboratory of Applied MagnetismEdit

Created in 1993 by the Chinese Ministry of Education, this is an open laboratory conducting research in the field of Applied Magnetism. The lab is chiefly engaged in studies on applications of perpendicular magnetic recording. The laboratory also conducts research and development on new applied magnetic materials which can be used for commercial applications. Mossbauer spectrometry, nuclear magnetic resource spin echo spectroscopy and general magnetic testing media are used to study magnetic materials' microscopic structure and general magnetic behavior. The laboratory is equipped with major facilities including a vibrating sample magnetometer, high pressure mossbauer spectroscope and magnetron sputtering system, along with many others. The lab also serves as a key resource for research in materials science and condensed matter physics.

The laboratory has 24 professional researchers and technicians, among who are 4 doctoral advisers.

Analytical Testing CenterEdit

Financed by the first loan issued by the World Bank to develop universities, construction on this center began in 1982. It contains more than 20 major instruments and devices including a High-Resolution Mass Spectrometer, Infrared Spectrometer, X-Ray Quadrupole Diffractometer, Laser Raman Spectrometer, FT-IR Spectrometer, and others. The center is primarily engaged in the determination and analysis of the structure of matter. It also conducts graduate students' experiments which leads to the conferring of Master's and Ph.D. degrees. A testing service is available to the public.

Established by the State Technology Superintendency in 1992, it is the approved lab for the inspection of imported and exported chemical and mining products.

CampusEdit

Lanzhou University has two campuses, and one new campus under construction as well as three affiliated hospitals.

The oldest campus is located in the center of Lanzhou, whereas the main campus is located in Yuzhong County. The One Belt and One Road campus, north of Lanzhou is under construction.

Rankings and ReputationEdit

In 2020, the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) ranked Lanzhou University at 401-500th globally.[12] From the same

University rankings
Global – Overall
ARWU World[13]401-500 (2020)
USNWR Global[14]595 (2021)
Regional – Overall
USNWR Asia[14]114 (2021)
National – Overall
USNWR National[14]48 (2021)

rankings by subjects, "Chemistry" and "Atmospheric Science" subjects were ranked in the global top 100.[15][16]

The U.S. News & World Report Best Global University Ranking 2021 ranked Lanzhou as 595th in the world, 114th in Asia and 48th in China. It also ranks globally at 188th in "Agricultural Science", at 123th in "Chemical Engineering", at 150th in "Chemistry", at 157th in "Energy and Fuels", at 403th in "Engineering", at 304th in "Environment/Ecology", at 167th in "Geoscience", at 150th in "Material Science", 164th in "Mathematics", at 131th in "Nanoscience and Nanotechnology", at 404th in "Physics", and at 244th in "Plant and Animal Science" according to the same ranking.[17]

In 2020, the QS World University Ranking ranked the university within the 751-800th band globally.[18]

CampusEdit

Schools and Colleges of Lanzhou UniversityEdit

  • School of Earth Sciences
  • School of Network Education
  • Sports Teaching and Research Department
  • School of Arts
  • School of Management
  • Second Clinical School
  • First Clinical School
  • School of Pharmacy
  • School of Basic Medical Sciences
  • School of Pastoral Agriculture Science and Technology
  • School of Earth and Environmental Sciences
  • School of Atmospheric Sciences
  • School of Life Sciences
  • School of Nuclear Science and Technology
  • School of Physical Science and Technology
  • School of Philosophy and Sociology
  • School of Foreign Languages and Literature
  • School of International Cultural Exchange
  • School of Law
  • School of Economics
  • School of Marxism
  • School of History and Culture
  • School of Journalism and Communication
  • Ethnology Institute
  • School of Chinese Language and Literature
  • School of Mathematics and Statistics
  • School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
  • Research School of Arid Environment and Climate Change
  • School of Information Science and Engineering
  • School of Civil Engineering and Mechanics
  • School of Public Health
  • School of Dental Medicine
  • School of Continuing Education
  • Cuiying Honors College

Notable faculty and alumniEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "兰州大学校训". Lzu.edu.cn. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
  2. ^ "University Motto". En.lzu.edu.cn. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
  3. ^ Brilliant Legend Studio_飞煌工作室_http://www.fhuang.com. "兰州大学党委宣传部 - 规章制度≡≡≡". Xcb.lzu.edu.cn. Archived from the original on July 14, 2007. Retrieved November 8, 2012.
  4. ^ 关于有奖征集兰州大学首页图画版页面的通知 - 兰州大学新闻网 ≡══─────────. News.lzu.edu.cn (in Chinese). January 14, 2010. Retrieved November 8, 2012.
  5. ^ "教育部 财政部 国家发展改革委 关于公布世界一流大学和一流学科建设高校及建设 学科名单的通知 (Notice from the Ministry of Education and other national governmental departments announcing the list of double first class universities and disciplines)". Moe.gov.cn.
  6. ^ "Facts and Figures of Lanzhou University". Retrieved December 4, 2020.
  7. ^ "International Students at Lanzhou University". Retrieved December 4, 2020.
  8. ^ a b c "Introduction to Lanzhou University".
  9. ^ "Introduction-兰州大学物理学院". phy.lzu.edu.cn. Retrieved November 27, 2020.
  10. ^ "History - Lanzhou University Second Hospital". www.lzush.com.cn. Retrieved November 27, 2020.
  11. ^ a b c d "The buzz from China's west". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  12. ^ "Lanzhou University | Academic Ranking of World Universities - 2020 | Shanghai Ranking - 2020". www.shanghairanking.com. Retrieved December 4, 2020.
  13. ^ http://www.shanghairanking.com/World-University-Rankings-2020/China.html]
  14. ^ a b c https://www.usnews.com/education/best-global-universities/lanzhou-university-502794]
  15. ^ "ShanghaiRanking's Global Ranking of Academic Subjects 2020 - Chemistry | Shanghai Ranking - 2020". www.shanghairanking.com. Retrieved December 4, 2020.
  16. ^ "ShanghaiRanking's Global Ranking of Academic Subjects 2020 - Atmospheric Science | Shanghai Ranking - 2020". www.shanghairanking.com. Retrieved December 4, 2020.
  17. ^ "Lanzhou University - US News Global University Ranking". US News and World Report.
  18. ^ "QS World University Rankings (2020)".
  19. ^ "Yaoling Niu's Website". Dur.ac.uk. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  20. ^ "Professor Y Niu - Durham University". Dur.ac.uk. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  21. ^ "Who's Who in China's Leadership: Zhang Xuezhong". China.org.cn. Retrieved September 29, 2015.

External linksEdit