Lantian County (simplified Chinese: 蓝田县; traditional Chinese: 藍田縣; pinyin: Lántián Xiàn) is a county under the administration of Xi'an, the capital of Shaanxi province, China. It is the easternmost and second-most spacious (after Zhouzhi County) of the 13 county-level divisions of Xi'an. The county borders the prefecture-level cities of Weinan to the northeast and Shangluo to the southeast, Lintong District to the north, Chang'an District to the west, and Baqiao District to the northwest.
|Coordinates: 34°08′56″N 109°19′08″E / 34.149°N 109.319°ECoordinates: 34°08′56″N 109°19′08″E / 34.149°N 109.319°E|
|Country||People's Republic of China|
19 township-level divisions
(1 subdistrict and 18 towns) and
346 village-level divisions
(9 communities and 337 villages)
|• Total||2,005.95 km2 (774.50 sq mi)|
|• Density||256.25/km2 (663.7/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|Xi'an district map||
Lantian County was first founded in 379 BCE, and was named after the nearby Lantian Mountain (simplified Chinese: 蓝田山; traditional Chinese: 藍田山; pinyin: Lántián Shān), located 30 kilometres (19 mi) to the southeast of the current county seat.
Lantian County was first established in 379 BCE, in present-day Huaxu, 30 kilometres (19 mi) west of its current seat. The county was named for the nearby Lantian Mountain (simplified Chinese: 蓝田山; traditional Chinese: 藍田山; pinyin: Lántián Shān). Numerous ancient Chinese texts, such as the Taiping Huanyu Ji and the Rites of Zhou state that the mountain was renown for its jade.
From 446 CE to 487 CE, under the Xianbei-led Northern Wei, Lantian County was merged into Bacheng County (simplified Chinese: 霸城县; traditional Chinese: 霸城縣; pinyin: Bàchéng Xiàn). Upon its restoration, it was placed under the jurisdiction of Jingzhao Commandery (Chinese: 京兆郡; pinyin: Jīngzhào Jùn).
From 557 CE to 573 CE, under the Xianbei-led Northern Zhou, Lantian County was promoted and reorganized as Lantian Commandery. During this period, Lantian County was abolished, and Lantian Commandery administered two counties formed in its place: Yushan County (simplified Chinese: 玉山县; traditional Chinese: 玉山縣; pinyin: Yùshān Xiàn) and Bailu County (simplified Chinese: 白鹿县; traditional Chinese: 白鹿縣; pinyin: Báilù Xiàn). Upon the restoration of Lantian County in 573 CE, the county's seat of government was moved to the ancient city of Yaoliu (simplified Chinese: 峣柳城; traditional Chinese: 嶢柳城; pinyin: Yáoliǔ Chéng), located in present-day Languan Subdistrict.
In 619 CE, during the Tang dynasty, Bailu County was restored. Yushan County was also re-established the same year, with its seat of government in present-day Yushan. The following year Bailu County was renamed to Ningmin County (simplified Chinese: 宁民县; traditional Chinese: 寧民縣; pinyin: Níngmín Xiàn). Both counties were abolished again in 629 CE, and merged back into Lantian County, which was now under the jurisdiction of Jingzhao Fu (Chinese: 京兆府; pinyin: Jīngzhào Fǔ).
During the Ming and Qing dynasties, Lantian County was under the jurisdiction of Xi'an Fu (Chinese: 西安府; pinyin: Xī'ān Fǔ).
In 1913, following the establishment of the Republic of China, the county was placed under the jurisdiction of Guanzhong Circuit. Beginning in 1928, the county was under direct administration from the province of Shaanxi.
Following the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949, the county was placed under the administration of Weinan District (simplified Chinese: 渭南分区; traditional Chinese: 渭南分區; pinyin: Wèinán Fēnqū). The following year, Weinan District was re-organized as Weinan Prefecture (simplified Chinese: 渭南专区; traditional Chinese: 渭南專區; pinyin: Wèinán Zhuānqū). From 1956 to 1958, the county was directed administered by Shaanxi. In 1958, it was placed under the jurisdiction of Xi'an. From 1961 to 1983, Lantian County was returned to Weinan Prefecture. Weinan Prefecture. In 1983, Lantian County was once again placed under Xi'an, which it remains today.
In 2011, the county's 12 townships were reorganized as towns. On February 13, 2015, three of the county's towns were merged into other towns, and the town of Languan was reorganized as the county's sole subdistrict.
Lantian County is divided into 1 subdistrict (Chinese: 街道; pinyin: jiēdào) and 18 towns (Chinese: 镇; pinyin: zhèn). These township-level divisions then in turn govern 9 residential communities (Chinese: 社区; pinyin: shèqū) and 337 administrative villages (Chinese: 行政村; pinyin: xíngzhèng cūn).
The county's sole subdistrict is Languan Subdistrict (蓝关街道).
The county's 18 towns are as follows:
- Xiehu (洩湖镇/泄湖镇)
- Huaxu (华胥镇)
- Qianwei (前卫镇)
- Tangyu (汤峪镇)
- Jiaodai (焦岱镇)
- Yushan (玉山镇)
- Sanli (三里镇)
- Puhua (普化镇)
- Gepai (葛牌镇)
- Bayuan (灞源镇)
- Jiujianfang (九间房镇)
- Lanqiao (蓝桥镇)
- Wangchuan (辋川镇)
- Hou (厚镇)
- Sanguanmiao (三官庙镇)
- Ancun (安村镇)
- Mengcun (孟村镇)
- Xiaozhai (小寨镇)
Former administrative divisionsEdit
A 2012 estimate put the county's permanent population at 518,800. Per the 2010 Chinese Census, Lantian County's population totaled 514,026, down from the 560,283 recorded in the 2000 Chinese Census. Lantian County comprised 6.07% of Xi'an's population in 2010, down from 7.70% in 2000. A 1996 estimate put the county's population at about 605,000.
|Climate data for Lantian (1981−2010)|
|Average high °C (°F)||4.8
|Average low °C (°F)||−5.5
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||8.5
|Source: National Meteorological Center of CMA|
- Lantian Man
- Shangchen, palaeolithic site in Lantian
- Wangchuan ji
- ^ Google (2014-07-02). "Chang'an" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2014-07-02.
- ^ a b 行政区划 [Administrative Divisions]. www.lantian.gov.cn (in Chinese). Lantian County People's Government. 2018-04-29. Archived from the original on 2018-07-16. Retrieved 2021-11-09.
- ^ 西安市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报 (in Chinese). Xi'an Evening News (西安晚报). 25 May 2011. Retrieved 3 July 2014.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah 蓝田县历史沿革 [Lantian County Historical Development]. xzqh.org (in Simplified Chinese). 2015-04-08. Archived from the original on 2020-01-19. Retrieved 2021-11-09.
- ^ a b c 2020年统计用区划代码（蓝田县） (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of China. 2020. Archived from the original on 2020-12-01. Retrieved 2021-11-09.
- ^ a b 西安市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报 [Xi'an 2010 Sixth National Census Major Data Report]. epaper.xiancn.com (in Chinese). 2011-05-25. Archived from the original on 2020-08-07. Retrieved 2021-11-09.
- ^ 1981年-2010年（蓝田）月平均气温和降水 (in Simplified Chinese). National Meteorological Center of CMA. Retrieved 25 November 2022.