Langham Hotel, London
The Langham, London, is one of the largest and best known traditional-style grand hotels in London, England. It is situated in the district of Marylebone on Langham Place and faces up Portland Place towards Regent's Park.
|The Langham, London|
|Location||1c Portland Place, Regent Street, London, England|
|Opened||10 June 1865|
|Owner||Great Eagle Holdings|
|Management||Langham Hospitality Group|
|Number of rooms||380|
The Langham was designed by John Giles and built between 1863 and 1865 at a cost of £300,000, equivalent to £28,894,631 in 2019. It was then the largest and most modern hotel in the city, featuring a hundred water closets, thirty-six bathrooms and the first hydraulic lifts in England. The opening ceremony on 10 June 1865 was performed by the Prince of Wales. After the original company was liquidated during an economic slump, new management acquired the hotel for little more than half of its construction cost, and it soon became a commercial success.
In 1867 an American former Union Army officer, James Sanderson, was appointed general manager and the hotel developed an extensive American clientele, which included Mark Twain and the financier Hetty Green. It was also patronised by Napoleon III, Oscar Wilde, Dvorák, Toscanini, and Sibelius. Electric light was installed in the entrance and courtyard at the early date of 1879, and Arthur Conan Doyle set the Sherlock Holmes stories "A Scandal in Bohemia" and The Sign of Four partly at the Langham.
The Langham continued throughout the 20th century to be a favoured spot with members of the royal family, such as Diana, Princess of Wales, and politicians including Winston Churchill and Charles de Gaulle. Other guests included Noël Coward, Wallis Simpson, Don Bradman, Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia and Ayumi Hamasaki.
The Langham was hard hit by the Great Depression and the owners attempted to sell the site to the BBC, but Broadcasting House was built across Portland Place instead. During World War II, the hotel was used in part by the British Army until it was damaged by bombs and forced to close. After the war, it was occupied by the BBC as ancillary accommodation to Broadcasting House, and the corporation purchased it outright in 1965.
One BBC employee who stayed at the Langham was Guy Burgess, one of the 'Cambridge Five', a spying ring that supplied official secrets to the Soviets during the Cold War. A BBC internal memo reveals that upon being unable to access his room in the hotel late one night, Burgess attempted to break down the door with a fire extinguisher.
The Palm Court became the reference library, and the restaurant a staff bar and refreshment room. In 1980, the BBC unsuccessfully applied for planning permission to demolish the building and replace it with an office development designed by Norman Foster. In 1986 the BBC sold the property to the Ladbroke Group (which later purchased the non-US Hilton hotels) for £26 million and eventually reopened the hotel as the Langham Hilton in 1991, after a £100 million refurbishment.
The Langham was sold to Great Eagle Holdings, based in Hong Kong, in 1995. The new owner extended the hotel and carried out other refurbishments between 1998 and 2000. Further renovation took place between 2004 and 2009, at an estimated cost of £80 million, restoring the hotel to its original form. Great Eagle subsequently rebadged a number of hotels in its portfolio using the "Langham" brand, creating a subsidiary, Langham Hotels International (trading as Langham Hospitality Group).
The Langham on filmEdit
The hotel featured in the James Bond film GoldenEye (1995), its entryway doubling in an exterior shot for Saint Petersburg's Grand Hotel Europe. Only the exterior was filmed at the hotel, while the interior was filmed in a studio.
The Langham featured in Michael Winterbottom's film Wonderland (1999), in external shots for Mary-Kate and Ashley Olsen's made-for-TV movie Winning London (2001), and in Garfield: A Tail of Two Kitties (2006).
The hotel was also used in Season 5 episode 1 of the British show Hustle.
The hotel todayEdit
The hotel has a five star classification. A further round of refurbishment, costing £80m was completed in April 2009. The reconfigured Langham now has 380 rooms, down from 425, a restored Palm Court which has served afternoon tea since 1865, a new business centre and 15 function rooms including The Grand Ballroom which can accommodate 375 guests for a reception. The new spaces join Roux at The Landau restaurant, The Wigmore British tavern (both from Michel Roux Jr.), Artesian bar and the private dining room, Postillion.
In 2019 the hotel opened a cookery school, Sauce by The Langham.
On 19 March 2010 Gyles Brandreth unveiled a City of Westminster green plaque commemorating the August 1889 meeting at the Langham between Oscar Wilde, Arthur Conan Doyle and Joseph Marshall Stoddart. Stoddart commissioned the two other men to write stories for his magazine Lippincott's Monthly Magazine. Arthur Conan Doyle wrote The Sign of Four which was published in the magazine in February 1890. Oscar Wilde wrote The Picture of Dorian Gray which was published in July that same year.
- "1863 – The Langham Hotel, Portland Place, London". Archiseek.com. 24 June 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
- Forney, John Wien (1867). Letters from Europe. Philadelphia: T. B. Peterson & Bros. p. 79. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
- "The Langham incident – A report on a disturbance at the hotel". BBC Archives. 30 May 1941. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- 'Radio: the great years, Derek Parker (David & Charles, 1977) p.83
- CEO Interview: Refreshed Langhams elbows into London market, Financial Times, 2009-11-13
- "Golden Eye Film Locations". movie-locations.com. 5 December 2012. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
- "Artesian Bar at The Langham Brings in Two Heavyweights to Revive Its Fortunes". Eater London. 9 October 2017.
- Utechin, Nick (2010). A Golden Day. Sherlock Holmes Society of London.
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