Langbaurgh (UK Parliament constituency)
Langbaurgh was a parliamentary constituency in the Langbaurgh area of North East England to the east of Middlesbrough. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post system, and existed from 1983 to 1997.
|Former County constituency|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Langbaurgh in Cleveland for the 1992 general election.
Location of Cleveland within England.
1996-1997 Middlesbrough and Redcar and Cleveland
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Middlesbrough South & East Cleveland, Redcar|
|Created from||Cleveland & Whitby and Middlesbrough|
The constituency was a mixture of heavy manufacturing areas (41.7% of the workforce), with seaside resort and rural agricultural parts. The political effect was to make the constituency marginal between the Labour and Conservative candidates. However, it was held by the Conservative party at each of the general elections which it existed. A 1991 by-election was the only time at which Labour won this seat.
The Borough of Langbaurgh wards of Belmont, Brotton, Guisborough, Hutton, Lockwood, Loftus, Longbeck, St Germains, Saltburn, Skelton, and Skinningrove, and the Borough of Middlesbrough wards of Easterside, Hemlington, Marton, Newham, Nunthorpe, Park End, and Stainton and Thornton.
At the time of its creation the constituency was part of the then shire county of Cleveland and the Borough of Langbaurgh, for local government purposes. Before the reforms of local government in the 1960s and 1970s the area that became Cleveland had been partly located in the north of the North Riding of Yorkshire and partially in the south of the historic county of Durham. The constituency itself was located in the North Riding part of Cleveland.
The redistribution of constituencies, which took effect in 1983, was the first which used the reformed local authorities as the building blocks for Parliamentary constituencies. Langbaurgh was a new constituency; 65.1% of it had formerly been part of Cleveland and Whitby constituency, 34.6% came from Middlesbrough and 0.3% from Richmond (Yorks).
In 1996 the county of Cleveland and its associated districts like the borough of Langbaurgh were abolished. The area was divided into unitary council areas, one of which was Middlesbrough and another was Redcar and Cleveland (the former borough of Langbaurgh). In the circumstances it was inevitable that the majority successor constituency to Langbaurgh from 1997 (Middlesbrough South and East Cleveland) was renamed.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|1983||Richard Holt||Conservative||Died September 1991|
|1991 by-election||Ashok Kumar||Labour||Later MP for Middlesbrough South and East Cleveland 1997-2010|
|1992||Michael Bates||Conservative||Paymaster General 1996-97|
|1997||constituency abolished: see Middlesbrough South and East Cleveland & Redcar|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
The 1992 result is compared to the 1987 general election vote, which was a Conservative win.
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Allen||7,615||11.5||−8.4|
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Allen||8,421||16.1||−3.7|
|Yorkshire Party||Colin Holt||216||0.4||N/A|
|Corrective Party||Lindi St Clair||198||0.4||N/A|
|Football Supporters||Nigel Downing||163||0.3||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||3.55|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and referencesEdit
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 1)
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
- British Parliamentary Constituencies: A Statistical Compendium, by Ivor Crewe and Anthony Fox (Faber & Faber 1984)