Open main menu

Landtag of the Free State of Saxony

  (Redirected from Landtag of Saxony)

The Landtag of the Free State of Saxony, also referred to as the Saxon Landtag, the Parliament of Saxony or the Saxon state parliament, is the legislative body of the German State of Saxony. It is based on the Free State's constitution, drafted in 1992.

Landtag of the Free State of Saxony

Sächsischer Landtag
7th Landtag of Saxony
Coat of arms or logo
EstablishedOctober 1990
Leadership
President of the Landtag
Structure
Seats119
LandtagSaxony19.svg
Political groups
Elections
Mixed-member proportional representation (MMP)
Last election
2019 Saxony state election
Next election
2024 Saxony state election
Meeting place
13-10-25-landtag-sachsen-innen-by-RalfR-016.jpg

HistoryEdit

Some form of an assembly has existed in the state's predecessors since the Saxon House of Wettin was enfeoffed with the Margraviate of Meissen in 1089. The local ministeriales regularly met with the Wettin margraves, consulting but also defending the interests of the region they were from. By the time when Meissen was elevated to the Electorate of Saxony according to the Golden Bull of 1356, the noble representatives of the estates formed a constant advisory board. With the deputies of the Saxon cities, these Landstände councils gradually obtained considerable voice opportunities until the 15th century, mainly in fiscal and military policies, later also in religious matters concerning the Protestant Reformation.

Kingdom of SaxonyEdit

A modern-style bicameral constitutionally-based legislature of the Kingdom of Saxony was introduced in 1831. In the wake of the tumultuous 1848 revolutions, Saxony's Landtag extended voting rights (though still maintaining property requirements) and abolished voting-taxes. In 1871, Saxony was incorporated into the German Empire and more voting rights were gradually extended.

By the early 1900s, Saxony's local politics remained stable with the Social-Democrats, Conservatives, and National-Liberals splitting the share of votes and Landtag seats three ways. (In 1909, Social-Democrats won 27% of seats, Conservatives won 31% and National-Liberals won 31%). Voter participation was high (82% in 1909).

Free StateEdit

The post-World War I era saw local politics in Saxony mirror the tumultuousness befalling all of European politics at the time. The Saxon Landtag election of 1930 saw the Social-Democrats winning 33% of seats, the National-Socialists 15%, the Communists 14%, a free-market-liberal party (Reichspartei des deutschen Mittelstandes) 10%, "National-liberals" (Deutschnationale Volkspartei) 8%, and a number of mostly local and right-wing populist parties winning the remaining 16%. Turnout was unenthusiastic, at 73%.

The Landtag elections of 5 March 1933 saw unprecedented turnout of 92%. The National-Socialists won 45%, the Social-Democrats 26%, the Communists 16%, National-liberals (Deutschnationale Volkspartei) 7%, and minor parties taking only 6% of seats. This was the final free election in Saxony until 1990.

Since 1990, the CDU has been in government in the Saxon Landtag and has usually won most of the votes. This changed in 2004.

Current CompositionEdit

The results of the 2019 Landtag elections were as follows:

e • d Summary of the 1 September 2019 Landtag of Saxony elections results
< 2014     Next >
Party Ideology Votes Votes % (change) Seats (change) Seats %
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) Christian democracy 695,560 32.1% −7.3pp 45 −14 37.8%
Alternative for Germany (AfD) German nationalism 595,671 27.5% +17.7pp 38 +24 31.9%
The Left (Die Linke) Democratic socialism 224,354 10.4% −8.5pp 14 −13 11.8%
Alliance '90/The Greens (Grünen) Green politics 187,015 8.6% +2.9pp 12 +4 10.1%
Social Democratic Party (SPD) Social democracy 167,289 7.7% −4.6pp 10 −8 8.4%
Free Democratic Party (FDP) Liberalism 97,438 4.5% +0.7pp 0 ±0 0%
Free Voters Direct democracy 72,897 3.4% +1.8pp 0 ±0 0%
Others 126,233 5.8% −2.7pp 0 ±0 0%
Total 2,166,457 100.0% 119 −7 100.0%
Blank and invalid votes 22,029 1.02
Registered voters / turnout 3,288,643 66.5

Elections are conducted using a proportional representation system, with a minimum of 5% vote share to receive any seats.

See alsoEdit