The Landesbanken in Germany are a group of state-owned banks of a type unique to Germany. They are regionally organised and their business is predominantly wholesale banking. They are also the head banking institution of the local and regional bases Sparkassen (= saving banks). Landesbanken and Sparkassen comprise one of the three pillars of Germany's banking system. The two other pillars are private commercial banks and cooperatives. Each has a different legal purpose, ownership structure, and governance model. Landesbanken and Sparkassen, as publicly owned entities, are chartered by national and state banking laws to pursue an "öffentlichen Auftrag" or public purpose.
After several mergers, five Landesbanken operate in Germany.
- Bayerische Landesbank (BayernLB), seat: Munich, Bavaria
- Landesbank Saar (SaarLB), seat: Saarbrücken, Saarland
- Landesbank Baden-Württemberg (LBBW), seat: Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg
- Norddeutsche Landesbank - Girozentrale (NORD/LB), seat: Hanover, Lower Saxony
- Landesbank Hessen-Thüringen (Helaba), Frankfurt am Main, Hessen and Erfurt, Thuringia
Landesbank Berlin (LBB) is not considered to be a Landesbank as the bank is not owned by a state but by the Savings Bank Finance Group only.
- WestLB, former Landesbank of North Rhine-Westphalia
- Raiffeisen Bankengruppe (Austria)
- Raiffeisen Landesbank Südtirol – Cassa Centrale Raiffeisen dell'Alto Adige
- German public banks#Landesbanken
- Deeg, Richard (1999). Finance Capitalism Unveiled: Banks and the German Political Economy. University of Michigan Press.
- http://www.faz.net (Bilanzsummen minus 1.809.100.000.000 Euro) (Stand September 2010) (Schuldenbremse Grundgesetz)