The Lancia Lambda is an innovative automobile produced from 1922 through 1931. It was the first car to feature a load-bearing unitary body, (but without a stressed roof) and it also pioneered the use of an independent suspension (the front sliding pillar with coil springs). Vincenzo Lancia even invented a shock absorber for the car and it had excellent four wheel brakes. Approximately 11,200 Lambdas were produced.
Lancia Lambda Torpedo 1923
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||Torpedo (S.1-S.9)|
Berlina (Weymann) (S.8-S.9)
|Engine||2119 cc Lancia V4|
2370 cc Lancia V4
2568 cc Lancia V4
|Transmission||3-speed manual (S.1-S.4)|
4-speed manual (S.5-S.9)
|Wheelbase||310 cm (122.0 in) (S.1-S.9) |
342 cm (134.6 in) (S.6-S.9)
|Curb weight||1,200 kg (2,646 lb)-1,350 kg (2,976 lb)|
|Predecessor||Lancia Kappa (1919)|
Nine versions of the Lambda were built:
- 1st series, produced 1923, 400 built.
- 2nd series, produced between 1923 and 1924, 1,100 built. Minor modifications for engine.
- 3rd series, produced 1924, 800 built. Engine modified.
- 4th series, produced between 1924 and 1925, 850 built. Modified windscreen.
- 5th series, produced 1925, 1,050 built. 4-speed gearbox.
- 6th series, produced between 1925 and 1926, 1,300 built. Car is sold now with bare chassis and with two wheelbases.
- 7th series, produced between 1926 and 1928, 3,100 built. New bigger engine.
- 8th series, produced between 1928 and 1930, 3,903 built. Again bigger engine.
- 9th series, produced 1931, 500 built. Last series sold only bare chassis.
The narrow-angle aluminium Lancia V4 engine was also notable. All three displacements shared the same long 120 mm (4.7 in) stroke, and all were SOHC designs with a single camshaft serving both banks of cylinders. The first engine had a 13° V angle, the second 14° and the third 13° 40'.
|S.1-S.6||V4 SOHC||2121 cc||49 hp (36.5 kW) @ 3250 rpm||single carburetor|
|S.7||V4 SOHC||2375 cc||59 hp (44 kW) @ 3250 rpm||single carburetor|
|S.8-S.9||V4 SOHC||2569 cc||69 hp (51.5 kW) @ 3500 rpm||single carburetor|
- Ray Bonds (2003). The Illustrated Directory of Sports Cars. Motorbooks. ISBN 0-7603-1420-9.
- Lancia by Michael Frostick, 1976. ISBN 0-901564-22-2
- "Autos Without Axles Promise Easier Riding" ''Popular Mechanics'', April 1932. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2015-08-23.
- Setright, L. J. K. (1976). "Overdrive". In Ian Ward (ed.). Anatomy of the Motor Car. Orbis. p. 159. ISBN 0-85613-230-6.