Laminar flame speed

Laminar flame speed is an intrinsic characteristic of premixed combustible mixtures [1] that plays a key role in understanding a mixture’s reactivity, diffusivity, and exothermicity.[2][3][4] It is the speed at which an un-stretched laminar flame will propagate through a quiescent mixture of unburned reactants. Laminar flame speed is defined as the normal component of velocity of flame relative to unburned gas.[5] Laminar flame speed is given the symbol sL. According to the thermal flame theory of Mallard and Le Chatelier, the un-stretched laminar flame speed is dependent on only three properties of a chemical mixture: the thermal diffusivity of the mixture, the reaction rate of the mixture and the temperature through the flame zone:

is thermal diffusivity,

is reaction rate,

and the temperature subscript u is for unburned, b is for burned and i is for ignition temperature.

Laminar flame speed is a property of the mixture (fuel structure, stoichiometry) and thermodynamic conditions upon mixture ignition (pressure, temperature). Turbulent flame speed is a function of the aforementioned parameters, but also heavily depends on the flow field. As flow velocity increases and turbulence is introduced, a flame will begin to wrinkle, then corrugate and eventually the flame front will be broken and transport properties will be enhanced by turbulent eddies in the flame zone. As a result, the flame front of a turbulent flame will propagate at a speed that is not only a function of the mixture's chemical and transport properties but also properties of the flow and turbulence.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Laminar Flame Speed
  2. ^ Morovatiyan, Mohammadrasool; Shahsavan, Martia; Aguilar, Jonathan; Mack, J. Hunter (2021-03-01). "Effect of Argon Concentration on Laminar Burning Velocity and Flame Speed of Hydrogen Mixtures in a Constant Volume Combustion Chamber". Journal of Energy Resources Technology. 143 (3): 032301. doi:10.1115/1.4048019. ISSN 0195-0738.
  3. ^ Munajat, Nur Farizan; Erlich, Catharina; Fakhrai, Reza; Fransson, Torsten H. (October 2012). "Influence of water vapour and tar compound on laminar flame speed of gasified biomass gas". Applied Energy. 98: 114–121. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2012.03.010.
  4. ^ Natarajan, J.; Lieuwen, T.; Seitzman, J. (October 2007). "Laminar flame speeds of H2/CO mixtures: Effect of CO2 dilution, preheat temperature, and pressure". Combustion and Flame. 151 (1–2): 104–119. doi:10.1016/j.combustflame.2007.05.003.
  5. ^ Turns, Stephen R. (2006). An Introduction to combustion : concepts and applications. McGraw-Hill. ISBN 978-0-07-126072-5. OCLC 695831882.