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Lame Deer (1821-1877) was Miniconjou Lakota ("the most warlike of all the Sioux") and vice chief of the Wakpokinyan (to Fly along the river) band. He was the second signatory of the 1865 Treaty with the Minneconjon Indians at Fort Sully, Dakota Territory (now just southeast of Pierre, South Dakota): "Tah-ke-chah-hoosh-tay, The Lame Deer, 1st chief of the Minneconjon band of Dakota or Sioux Indians". This group of Lakota were opposed to the 1868 Treaty of Fort Laramie, which required the Lakota to cede much of their territory to the United States. Lame Deer was present at the 1876 Battle of the Greasy Grass, also known as the Battle of the Little Bighorn, where the combined Lakota and allied forces dealt an overwhelming defeat to United States forces.
|Miniconjou Lakota leader|
|Died||May 10, 1877 (aged 55–56)|
|Resting place||Lame Deer, Montana|
|Known for||Participation in the Battle of Little Big Horn and the Battle of Little Muddy Creek|
Lame Deer was shot on 7 May 1877, when his village was attacked by soldiers under the command of Colonel Nelson A. Miles, about 1 mile southwest of the present-day town of Lame Deer, Montana. This town was named after him. He died 3 days later.
- Waggoner, Josephine (2014). Witness: a Hunkpapha historian's Strong-Heart song of the Lakotas. University of Nebraska Press. p. 51.
- Josephine Waggoner, Witness: a Húņkpapĥa historian's Strong-Heart song of the Lakotas, University of Nebraska Press 2013, edited & forward by Emily Levine ISBN 9780803245648.
- Barbara Fifer, Montana Battlefields 1806-1877: Native Americans And the U.S. Army at War, Farcountry Press 2005 ISBN 1560373091.
- Jerome A. Greene, Lakota and Cheyenne: Indian Views of the Great Sioux War, 1876-1877, University of Oklahoma Press 2000 ISBN 0806132450.
- Kingsley M. Bray, Crazy Horse: A Lakota Life, University of Oklahoma Press 2008 ISBN 0806139862.
- John (Fire) Lame Deer and Richard Erdoes, Lame Deer, Seeker of Visions, Washington Square Press 1972.
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