Lake Parishan

Parishan Lake is a lake in Iran. The Parishan Lake is in Jereh and Baladeh District in Fars Province and is the largest freshwater lake in the country.[3] It receives only very small amount of water from feeder rivers and the whole lake or wetland is a protected area, as it is considered a globally significant wetland ecosystem.[4]

Lake Parishan
Official nameLake Parishan and Dasht-e-Arjan
Designated23 June 1975
Reference no.37[1]

The Protected Zone of Arzhan and ParishanEdit

Another lake in this area is that of Arzhan.[5] The whole protected area is called "Arzhan National Park."[6][7] This area is an important sanctuary for birds.[3][4]

Project LionEdit

An old photograph of a lion in Iran by Antoin Sevruguin, ca. 1880

In the past, the Asiatic lion used to occur in this place, besides other parts of Iran. Nowadays, in the wilderness of Eurasia, the only members of this race of lions occur in and around Gir Forest, in Kathiawar Peninsula, India.[8][9] There was a plan to bring in Gir lions during 1977, but there were issues, and so it did not get fulfilled. This area includes the village of Arzhan, and is of agricultural importance, and bringing in lions would mean setting aside farmland, and settling farmers elsewhere.[6][7] This happens to be a reason why it is difficult to reintroduce lions from Gir Forest to another place within India.[10] Nevertheless, Iran's intention to restore its population of lions would continue into the 21st century,[11][12] and in February 2019, Iran obtained a male named 'Kamran' from Bristol Zoo in the United Kingdom,[13] followed in June by a female named 'Eilda' from Dublin Zoo in Ireland, and lodged them at Tehran Zoological Garden in a bid to reproduce and reintroduce lions in the wild.[14]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Lake Parishan and Dasht-e-Arjan". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  2. ^ "UNESCO Biosphere Reserve Directory".
  3. ^ a b "Dasht-e Arjan and Lake Parishan (Important Birds Areas of Iran, Islamic Republic of)". BirdLife International. Retrieved 2010-09-08.
  4. ^ a b "Iranian Wetlands Conservation Project - Lake Urmia and Lake Parishan - Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust (WWT)". WWT. Archived from the original on 2010-12-05. Retrieved 2010-09-08.
  5. ^ FARS Geography and History
  6. ^ a b Humphreys, P.; Kahrom, E. (1999). "Lion". Lion and Gazelle: The Mammals and Birds of Iran. Avon: Images Publishing. pp. 77–80. ISBN 978-0951397763.
  7. ^ a b Firouz, E. (2005). "Lion". The complete fauna of Iran. London, New York: I. B. Tauris. p. 65. ISBN 978-1-85043-946-2.
  8. ^ Heptner, V. G.; Sludskii, A. A. (1992) [1972]. "Lion". Mlekopitajuščie Sovetskogo Soiuza. Moskva: Vysšaia Škola [Mammals of the Soviet Union, Volume II, Part 2]. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution and the National Science Foundation. pp. 83–95. ISBN 978-90-04-08876-4.
  9. ^ Singh, H. S.; Gibson, L. (2011). "A conservation success story in the otherwise dire megafauna extinction crisis: The Asiatic lion (Panthera leo persica) of Gir forest" (PDF). Biological Conservation. 144 (5): 1753–1757. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2011.02.009.
  10. ^ Johnsingh, A.J.T. (2006). "Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary ready to play second home to Asiatic lions?". Field Days: A Naturalist's Journey Through South and Southeast Asia. Hyderabad: Universities Press. pp. 126–138. ISBN 8173715521.
  11. ^ Dey, A. (2009-07-16). "Rajasthan to be home for cheetahs". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 2012-10-24. Retrieved 2009-08-09.
  12. ^ Khosravifard, S. (22 May 2010). "Russia, Iran exchange tigers for leopards but some experts express doubts". Payvand News. Retrieved 6 August 2011.
  13. ^ Amlashi, Hamid (2019-02-05). "Return To Motherland: Asiatic lion returns to Iran after 80 years". Tehran Times. Retrieved 2019-10-14.
  14. ^ "From Dublin to Tehran: Persian Lioness Joins Male Companion". Iran Front Page. 2019-06-04. Retrieved 2019-10-14.

Coordinates: 29°31′30″N 51°48′11″E / 29.52500°N 51.80306°E / 29.52500; 51.80306