Lake Opeta

  (Redirected from Lake Opeta Wetland System)

Lake Opeta is a lake with an extensive wetland system in Uganda.

Lake Opeta
300px
Kyoga Lake Complex with the Opeta (right)
LocationNakapiripirit, Sironko, Katakwi, Kumi
Coordinates1°42′0″N 34°14′0″E / 1.70000°N 34.23333°E / 1.70000; 34.23333Coordinates: 1°42′0″N 34°14′0″E / 1.70000°N 34.23333°E / 1.70000; 34.23333
Primary outflowsLake Bisina
Basin countriesUganda
Surface area68,912 hectares (170,290 acres)
Surface elevation1,962 metres (6,437 ft)
IslandsTisai
Official nameLake Opeta Wetland System
Designated15 September 2006
Reference no.1636[1]

The wetland lies south of the Pian Upe Wildlife Reserve and serves as a dry-season refuge for both wildlife from the park and domestic cattle of the surrounding Karamajong and Pokot people.[2]

HydrologyEdit

Lake Opeta is primarily fed by rainfall on Mount Elgon and drains into Lake Kyoga via Lake Bisina. It is surrounded by an extensive swamp and floodplain.[3]

ConservationEdit

Lake Opeta is one of Uganda's 33 Important Bird Areas and since 2006 a Ramsar-listed wetland of international importance.[2]

A Biodiversity and Eco-Tourism Centre funded by the Global Environmental Facility and UNDP serves the lake.[4]

BirdsEdit

Fox's weaver, Uganda's only endemic bird species, is known to inhabit the wetland,[2] as do the globally threatened vulnerable shoebill, near-threatened papyrus gonolek, and 160 other species.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Lake Opeta Wetland System". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  2. ^ a b c Ramsar Convention on Wetlands. "The Annotated Ramsar List: Uganda". Archived from the original on 7 January 2013. Retrieved 28 June 2012.
  3. ^ a b Byaruhanga, Achilles; Kigolo, Stephen (2005). Lake Opeta Wetland System Ramsar Information Sheet (PDF). Kampala.
  4. ^ International Union for Conservation of Nature. "Commissioned in the Lake Opeta Ramsar Site". Retrieved 28 June 2012.