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Lake Neuchâtel (French: Lac de Neuchâtel; German: Neuenburgersee) is a lake primarily in Romandy, Switzerland (French-speaking Switzerland). The lake lies mainly in the canton of Neuchâtel, but is also shared by the cantons of Vaud, Fribourg, and Bern.

Lake Neuchâtel
French: Lac de Neuchâtel
German: Neuenburgersee
Lac de neuchatel.jpg
With Lakes Biel and Morat in the background
Coordinates 46°54′N 6°51′E / 46.900°N 6.850°E / 46.900; 6.850Coordinates: 46°54′N 6°51′E / 46.900°N 6.850°E / 46.900; 6.850
Primary inflows L'Orbe (La Thielle), Le Bey, La Brine, L'Arnon, Ruisseau de la Vaux, Le Vivier, L'Areuse, Le Seyon; Canal Oriental, Le Buron, Ruisseau de l'Epena, La Menthue, Ruisseau de Crêt Moron, Ruisseau de Longefont, Ruisseau de Robin, Ruisseau de la Molliette, Canal de la Broye
Primary outflows Zihlkanal / Canal de la Thielle
Catchment area 2,670 km2 (1,030 sq mi)
Basin countries Switzerland
Max. length 38.3 km (23.8 mi)
Max. width 8.2 km (5.1 mi)
Surface area 218.3 km2 (84.3 sq mi)
Average depth 64.2 m (211 ft)
Max. depth 152 m (499 ft)
Water volume 13.77 km3 (11,160,000 acre⋅ft)
Residence time 8.2 years
Surface elevation 429 m (1,407 ft)
Settlements Neuchâtel, Grandson, Yverdon, Estavayer-le-Lac (see list)

With a surface of 218.3 km2 (84 sq mi), Lake Neuchâtel is the largest lake located entirely in Switzerland and the 59th largest lake in Europe. It is 38.3 km (23.8 mi) long and 8.2 km (5.1 mi) at its widest. Its surface is 429 metres (1,407 ft) above sea level, and the maximum depth is 152 metres (499 ft). The total water volume is 14.0 km3 (3.4 cu mi). The lake's drainage area is approximately 2,670 km2 (1,031 sq mi) and its culminating point is Le Chasseron at 1,607 metres (5,272 ft).[1]

The lake is fed by the rivers L'Orbe (called La Thielle or La Thièle locally, downstream of the city of Orbe), L'Arnon, L'Areuse, Le Seyon, and La Menthue, as well as by the Canal de la Broye. The Thielle Canal (French: Canal de la Thielle, German: Zihlkanal) drains the lake into Lake Biel and is part of regulation system for the lakes and the rivers of the Seeland region.

Lake Neuchâtel was the home of the now extinct species of deepwater trout Salvelinus neocomensis.[2]

List of settlements on the lakeEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Schweiz - Suisse" (Map). Lac de Neuchâtel (2014 ed.). 1:500 000. National Map of Switzerland 1:500'000. Wabern, Switzerland: Federal Office of Topography – swisstopo. ISBN 978-3-302-00070-1. Retrieved 2017-12-10 – via map.geo.admin.ch. 
  2. ^ IUCN Red list

External linksEdit