The Lagos State Governor is the head of Lagos State Government. The governor leads the executive branch of the Lagos State Government. This position places its holder in leadership of the state with command authority over the state affairs. The Governor is frequently described to be the number one citizen of the state.Article II of the Constitution of Nigeria vests the executive power of the state in the governor and charges him with the execution of state law, alongside the responsibility of appointing state executive, diplomatic, regulatory, and judicial officers subject to the approval of the Assembly members.
|Lagos State Governor|
|Member of||State executive|
|Appointer||Elected by the people of Lagos State|
|Term length||Four years|
|Formation||27 May 1967|
|First holder||Mobolaji Johnson|
27 May 1967
Powers and dutiesEdit
The first power the Constitution confers upon the governor is the veto. The Presentment Clause requires any bill passed by the Lagos State House of Assembly to be presented to the governor before it can become law. Once the legislation has been presented, the governor has three options:
- Sign the legislation; the bill then becomes law.
- Veto the legislation and return it to the state house of assembly expressing any objections; the bill does not become law, unless the member of the house votes to override the veto by a two-thirds vote.
The Governor is made the sole repository of the executive powers of Lagos State, and the powers entrusted to him as well as the duties imposed upon him are awesome indeed. The governor is the head of the executive branch of the state government and is constitutionally obligated to "take care that the laws be faithfully executed." The governor makes numerous executive branch appointments: commissioners and other state officers, are all appointed by the governor with subject to the approval of the state assembly. The power of the governor to sack executive officials has long been a contentious political issue. Generally, the governor may remove purely executive officials at his discretion. However, the assembly can curtail and constrain a governor's authority to sack commissioners of independent regulatory agencies and certain inferior executive officers by statute. The governor additionally possesses the ability to direct much of the executive branch through executive orders that are grounded in Law of the Lagos State or constitutionally granted executive power.
The governor also has the power to nominate the chief judge of the state. However, these nominations do require the house of assembly confirmation. Securing house approval can provide a major obstacle for governors who wish to orient the state judiciary toward a particular ideological stance. Governors may also grant pardons and reprieves, as is often done just before the end of a governorship term, not without controversy.
The Constitution's Ineligibility Clause prevents the governor (and all other executive officers) from simultaneously being a member of the state house of assembly. Therefore, the governor cannot directly introduce legislative proposals for consideration in the house. However, the governor can take an indirect role in shaping legislation, especially if the governor's political party has a majority in the house (house of representative). For example, the governor or other officials of the executive branch may draft legislation and then ask representatives to introduce these drafts into the house. The governor can further influence the legislative branch through constitutionally mandated, periodic reports to the house. Additionally, the governor may attempt to have the house alter proposed legislation by threatening to veto that legislation if the changes he requests are not made.
The Governor is directly elected by the people through a registered political party to a four-year term, and is one of only two elected state officers, the other being the Deputy Governor. Chapter six of the 1999 constitution Nigeria as amended sets the requirements to hold the office. A governor must:
- be a natural-born citizen of Lagos State
- be at least thirty-five years old;
- be a member of a register political party and must be sponsored by that political party
- Must possess at least, the West Africa School Certificate or its equivalent.
Past and incumbent governorsEdit
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- "Lagos State Government Seizes September Salaries Of Doctors For The Second Month In A Row". Sahara Reporters. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- webmaster. "LG election and governors' veto power". Newswatch Times. Archived from the original on 17 April 2015. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- Nwabueze, Benjamin Obi (1982). A Constitutional History of Nigeria. ISBN 9780905838793. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- "Nigeria". google.co.uk. 1982. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- Coleman, James Smoot; Coleman, James Samuel (January 1958). Nigeria. ISBN 9780520020702. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- "Lagos cabinet-Fashola's list tears ACN apart". Vanguard News. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- "Lagos Cabinet: Fashola Submits 37 Names to Assembly , Articles - THISDAY LIVE". thisdaylive.com. Archived from the original on 16 April 2015. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- "Lagos Assembly Approves 499.105bn as 2013 Budget, Articles - THISDAY LIVE". thisdaylive.com. Archived from the original on 18 April 2015. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- "Lagos SMS War: Fashola Sacks Commissioner". TheNigerianVoice. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- "Fashola Swears in Four Judges, Charges them to Better the Judiciary, Articles - THISDAY LIVE". thisdaylive.com. Archived from the original on 18 April 2015. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- "Fashola approves appointment of six new judges for lagos high court". The premiumtimes. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- "Pardons and commutations in Nigeria". World Coalition Against the Death Penalty. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- "Attorney-General of Lagos State V Attorney-General of the Federation". nigeria-law.org. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- "LAGOS GOVERNOR SIGNS 2010 BUDGET". TheNigerianVoice. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- Coleman, James S. "Nigeria". google.co.uk. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- "Lagos State Governor-elect Thanks Residents, Party For Victory - Channels Television". Channels Television. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- "Chapter Six of the 1999 Constitution of Nigeria: The Executive". waado.org. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- Leadership Newspaper (12 April 2015). "APC's Ambode Wins Lagos State Governorship Election". Nigerian News from Leadership News. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- "Nigerian Federal States". WorldStatesmen. Retrieved 30 November 2009.