Lafayette County, Arkansas

Lafayette County /lɑːˈfɛt/ is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,645,[2] making it the third-least populous county in Arkansas. The county seat is Lewisville.[3] Lafayette County was formed on October 15, 1827, and named in honor of the Marquis de Lafayette,[4] a French military hero of the American Revolutionary War. It is a dry county; therefore, the sale of alcohol is prohibited.[citation needed]

Lafayette County
Lafayette County Courthouse, Lewisville
Lafayette County Courthouse, Lewisville
Map of Arkansas highlighting Lafayette County
Location within the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 33°15′51″N 93°35′34″W / 33.264166666667°N 93.592777777778°W / 33.264166666667; -93.592777777778
Country United States
State Arkansas
FoundedOctober 15, 1827
Named forMarquis de Lafayette
SeatLewisville
Largest townStamps
Area
 • Total545 sq mi (1,410 km2)
 • Land528 sq mi (1,370 km2)
 • Water17 sq mi (40 km2)  3.1%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total7,645
 • Estimate 
(2019)[1]
6,624
 • Density14/sq mi (5.4/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP Codes
71826, 71827, 71845, 71860, 71861
Area code870
Congressional district4th
Websitewww.lafayettecounty.arkansas.gov

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 545 square miles (1,410 km2), of which 528 square miles (1,370 km2) is land and 17 square miles (44 km2) (3.1%) is water.[5] It is the smallest county in Arkansas by area.[citation needed]

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830748
18402,200194.1%
18505,220137.3%
18608,46462.1%
18709,1398.0%
18805,730−37.3%
18907,70034.4%
190010,59437.6%
191013,74129.7%
192015,52213.0%
193016,9349.1%
194016,851−0.5%
195013,203−21.6%
196011,030−16.5%
197010,018−9.2%
198010,2131.9%
19909,643−5.6%
20008,559−11.2%
20107,645−10.7%
20206,308−17.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010–2016[2]
 
Age pyramid Lafayette County[11]

2020 censusEdit

Lafayette County racial composition[12]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 3,870 61.35%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 2,043 32.39%
Native American 29 0.46%
Asian 32 0.51%
Pacific Islander 5 0.08%
Other/Mixed 184 2.92%
Hispanic or Latino 145 2.3%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 6,308 people, 2,784 households, and 1,801 families residing in the county.

2000 censusEdit

As of the 2000 United States Census,[13] there were 8,559 people, 3,434 households, and 2,376 families residing in the county. The population density was 16 people per square mile (6/km2). There were 4,560 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 62.08% White, 36.49% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. 1.03% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,434 households, out of which 27.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.60% were married couples living together, 14.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.80% were non-families. 28.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.40% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 24.40% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, and 17.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $24,831, and the median income for a family was $30,720. Males had a median income of $26,492 versus $17,000 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,128. About 18.70% of families and 23.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.50% of those under age 18 and 19.30% of those age 65 or over.

GovernmentEdit

Prior to 2000, Lafayette County was considered an "ancestral" Democratic county among white conservatives. Exceptions were the 1972 and 1984 landslides of Republicans Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan, respectively.

Former Governor Bill Clinton of Arkansas, considered a son of the South, won this county twice in his presidential runs: 1992 and 1996. Clinton's vice president, Al Gore of Tennessee, another son of the South, won the county in 2000, the most recent Democrat to do so. Most of the minority of African-American voters have been affiliated since the 1960s with the national Democratic Party, even as conservative whites here shifted to the Republican Party.

United States presidential election results for Lafayette County, Arkansas[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 1,757 65.58% 839 31.32% 83 3.10%
2016 1,758 61.47% 1,032 36.08% 70 2.45%
2012 1,713 58.48% 1,173 40.05% 43 1.47%
2008 1,685 58.06% 1,133 39.04% 84 2.89%
2004 1,604 50.27% 1,567 49.11% 20 0.63%
2000 1,538 45.46% 1,806 53.38% 39 1.15%
1996 971 25.25% 2,466 64.14% 408 10.61%
1992 1,188 29.86% 2,273 57.12% 518 13.02%
1988 1,860 48.95% 1,915 50.39% 25 0.66%
1984 2,290 57.15% 1,695 42.30% 22 0.55%
1980 1,756 46.50% 1,947 51.56% 73 1.93%
1976 1,467 38.51% 2,342 61.49% 0 0.00%
1972 2,460 71.91% 952 27.83% 9 0.26%
1968 672 18.75% 1,208 33.71% 1,704 47.54%
1964 1,476 49.75% 1,484 50.02% 7 0.24%
1960 713 30.67% 1,286 55.31% 326 14.02%
1956 836 36.67% 1,348 59.12% 96 4.21%
1952 733 30.72% 1,637 68.61% 16 0.67%
1948 113 7.94% 700 49.16% 611 42.91%
1944 177 13.34% 1,150 86.66% 0 0.00%
1940 159 10.35% 1,352 88.02% 25 1.63%
1936 100 7.24% 1,279 92.55% 3 0.22%
1932 151 9.14% 1,495 90.50% 6 0.36%
1928 435 30.48% 991 69.45% 1 0.07%
1924 298 24.53% 788 64.86% 129 10.62%
1920 500 34.25% 954 65.34% 6 0.41%
1916 365 29.06% 891 70.94% 0 0.00%
1912 208 23.88% 498 57.18% 165 18.94%
1908 552 42.11% 739 56.37% 20 1.53%
1904 566 46.66% 614 50.62% 33 2.72%
1900 448 51.44% 422 48.45% 1 0.11%
1896 423 40.83% 608 58.69% 5 0.48%

CommunitiesEdit

TownsEdit

TownshipsEdit

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Lafayette County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township. [15][16]

Source:[17]

EducationEdit

There are two school districts in the county: Lafayette County School District and the Emerson-Taylor-Bradley School District.[18] Previously the Bradley School District was the second district;[19] it merged into Emerson-Taylor-Bradley in 2013.[20]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. August 15, 2017. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved May 23, 2014.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Government Printing Office. p. 178.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved September 28, 2019.
  11. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  12. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 30, 2021.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  14. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 18, 2016.
  15. ^ 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Lafayette County, AR (PDF) (Map). U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 19, 2012. Retrieved August 24, 2011.
  16. ^ "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 28, 2014. Retrieved May 29, 2014.
  17. ^ "Summary Population and Housing Characteristics, CPH-1-5, Arkansas" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. United States Census Bureau. September 2012. Retrieved May 31, 2014. {{cite web}}: External link in |work= (help)
  18. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Lafayette County, AR" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 21, 2022. - Text list
  19. ^ "SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP (2010 CENSUS): Lafayette County, AR" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 21, 2022. - Text list
  20. ^ "State approves Bradley school annexation by Emerson-Taylor district". Magnolia Reporter. May 14, 2013. Retrieved October 19, 2017.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 33°15′51″N 93°35′34″W / 33.26417°N 93.59278°W / 33.26417; -93.59278