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Labici or Labicum or Lavicum [1] (Latin: Lăbīcī or Lăbīcum) was an ancient city of Latium, in what is now central Italy, lying in the territory of the modern Monte Compatri, about 20 km SE from Rome, on the northern slopes of the Alban Hills. Exact location of the original city is however disputed.

It occurs among the thirty cities of the Latin League, and it is said to have joined the Aequi and the Volsci in 419 BC and to have been stormed by the Romans in 418 BC. After this it does not appear in history, and in the time of Cicero and Strabo was almost entirely deserted if not destroyed. Traces of its ancient walls have been noticed. Its place was taken by the respublica Lavicanorum Quintanensium, the post-station established in the lower ground on the Via Labicana, a little SW of the modern village of Colonna, the site of which is attested by various inscriptions and by the course of the road itself.

Julius Caesar had a villa near here.[2][3]


  1. ^ "Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities (1898), L, Latīnae Feriae, Lavīcum".
  2. ^ Twelve Emperors by Suetonius. Julius Caesar, Chapter 83: The funeral of Julius Caesar.[44 BC] "Then at the request of his father-in-law, Lucius Piso, the will was unsealed and read in Antonius' house, which Caesar had made on the preceding Ides of September at his place near Lavicum [September 18, 45 B.C.]" Retrieved July 2014 from
  3. ^ "And yet in September he went to his estate near Labicum and wrote his testament." -- Weinstock, Stefan. Divus Julius. London: Oxford/Clarendon Press. 1971. Page 198.


  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Labici". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 16 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 5.