Laax (Romansh: Lags) is a municipality in the Surselva Region in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

Laax/Lags
Laax in August 2008
Laax in August 2008
Coat of arms of Laax/Lags
Location of Laax/Lags
Laax/Lags is located in Switzerland
Laax/Lags
Laax/Lags
Laax/Lags is located in Canton of Graubünden
Laax/Lags
Laax/Lags
Coordinates: 46°48′N 9°15′E / 46.800°N 9.250°E / 46.800; 9.250Coordinates: 46°48′N 9°15′E / 46.800°N 9.250°E / 46.800; 9.250
CountrySwitzerland
CantonGraubünden
DistrictSurselva
Area
 • Total31.68 km2 (12.23 sq mi)
Elevation
1,050 m (3,440 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[2]
 • Total1,857
 • Density59/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (Central European Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (Central European Summer Time)
Postal code(s)
7031
SFOS number3575
Surrounded byGlarus Süd (GL), Falera, Flims, Ruschein, Sagogn, Schluein
Websitewww.laax-gr.ch
SFSO statistics

HistoryEdit

Laax is first mentioned c. 1290–98 as Lags.[3]

GeographyEdit

 
Laax Lake
 
Aerial view (1949)

Laax has an area, as of 2006, of 31.7 km2 (12.2 sq mi). Of this area, 35.8% is used for agricultural purposes, while 30.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 3.6% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (29.9%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4] Before 2017, the municipality was located in the Ilanz sub-district of the Surselva district, after 2017 it was part of the Surselva Region.[5] The municipality of Laax stretches from the village itself, to Plaun and the Vorab, in the skiing area. This is all one valley and the river eventually flows to the Rhine river. It consists of the village of Laax and the hamlets of Salums, Cons, Laax Murschetg, and Laax Dorf. The ski-lifts are in Laax Murschetg.

A small lake, Laaxersee (Lag Grond), is located in the village.

The village has views of the Signina group to the south and the Flimserstein to the north. The main facilities in the village include a swimming pool, a small supermarket, a post office and several shops, including a bakery.

DemographicsEdit

Laax has a population (as of 31 December 2020) of 1,974.[6] As of 2008, 16.8% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[7] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 5.8%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (50.3%), with Romansh being second most common (40.1%) and Portuguese being third ( 3.9%).[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 51.1% male and 48.9% female.[8] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Laax is; 102 children or 8.9% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 147 teenagers or 12.8% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 152 people or 13.2% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 212 people or 18.4% are between 30 and 39, 171 people or 14.9% are between 40 and 49, and 184 people or 16.0% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 110 people or 9.6% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 49 people or 4.3% are between 70 and 79, there are 23 people or 2.0% who are between 80 and 89.[7]

In the 2011 last federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 26.9% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (24.5%), the BDP (18.3%), and the FDP (13.3%).[4]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Laax about 74.6% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Laax has an unemployment rate of 1.58%. As of 2005, there were 27 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 11 businesses involved in this sector. 61 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 14 businesses in this sector. 521 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 88 businesses in this sector.[4]

From the 2000 census, 788 or 68.5% are Roman Catholic, while 240 or 20.9% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there are 12 individuals (or about 1.04% of the population) who belong to the Orthodox Church. There are 18 (or about 1.57% of the population) who are Muslims. There are 7 individuals (or about 0.61% of the population) who belong to another church (not listed on the census), 70 (or about 6.09% of the population) belong to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 15 individuals (or about 1.30% of the population) did not answer the question.[7]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population[9]
1850 277
1900 280
1950 328
1970 480
2000 1,150
2010 1,551
2016 1,920

In popular cultureEdit

In 2004 the resort was featured in the popular Xbox snowboarding video game which sold more than one million copies, Amped 2, and then in 2005 in the sequel Amped 3 on the Xbox 360.

In fictionEdit

The chapters No Rainbow and The Legend of The Fall in the English language novel Angel by Sebastian Michael are almost entirely set in Laax. (Optimist Books, 2009) ISBN 978-1409228967 (Hardback) ISBN 978-1409229001 (Paperback)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeitskategorie Geschlecht und Gemeinde; Provisorische Jahresergebnisse; 2018". Federal Statistical Office. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  3. ^ a b Laax in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 2016-01-05 at the Wayback Machine accessed 10-Nov-2009
  5. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz - Mutationsmeldungen 2016 accessed 16 February 2017
  6. ^ "Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit". bfs.admin.ch (in German). Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB. 31 December 2020. Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  7. ^ a b c Graubunden Population Statistics Archived 2009-08-27 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  8. ^ Graubunden in Numbers Archived 2009-09-24 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  9. ^ "Portrait". Gemeinde Laax. Archived from the original on 7 November 2017. Retrieved 7 November 2017.

External linksEdit