La boîte à joujoux

photograph of a stage filled with children costumed as toys
Cast of the first performance, 1919

La boîte à joujoux (The Toy-Box) is a ballet score by Claude Debussy, orchestrated from Debussy's piano score by André Caplet.[1]

In 1913 Debussy was approached by the artist and writer André Hellé, who had devised a ballet scenario from his children’s tale La boîte à joujoux. A children's theme appealed to Debussy, who was devoted to his own young daughter, Emma-Claude, (known as "Chouchou"), and had already written his suite Children's Corner for her. He composed the piano score, but the outbreak of the First World War caused the ballet to be postponed, and it was not staged until 1919, after the composer's death.[1]

The work, which plays for about half an hour is in seven sections:[1]

  1. Prelude: Le sommeil de la boite (The toy-box asleep)
  2. Tableau 1: Le magasin de jouets (The toy shop)
  3. Valse: Danse de la poupée (The doll's waltz)
  4. Tableau 2: Le champ de bataille (The field of battle)
  5. Tableau 3: La bergerie a vendre (The sheepfold for sale)
  6. Tableau 4: Apres fortune faite (After making a fortune)
  7. Epilogue

Of the toys in Hellé's box there are three principals, to each of whom Debussy gives a little leitmotiv: a toy soldier, a pretty doll, and a foolish and quarrelsome polichinelle. The soldier falls in love with the doll, but the polichinelle will not give her up. There is a fierce battle, and the soldier is wounded by the polichinelle, who then renounces the doll. She nurses the soldier, falls in love with him, and they marry and live happily ever after.[2]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Anderson, Keith (2011). Notes to Naxos CD 8.572568
  2. ^ Blakeman, Edward (1989). Notes to Chandos CD set CHAN X10144(4)