La Vallée-du-Richelieu Regional County Municipality

La Vallée-du-Richelieu (The Valley of the Richelieu) is a regional county municipality in the Montérégie region in southwestern Quebec, Canada. Its seat is McMasterville.

La Vallée-du-Richelieu
Location in province of Quebec.
Location in province of Quebec.
Coordinates: 45°34′N 73°12′W / 45.567°N 73.200°W / 45.567; -73.200Coordinates: 45°34′N 73°12′W / 45.567°N 73.200°W / 45.567; -73.200[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionMontérégie
EffectiveJanuary 1, 1982
County seatMcMasterville
Government
 • TypePrefecture
 • PrefectGilles Plante
Area
 • Total605.50 km2 (233.78 sq mi)
 • Land588.60 km2 (227.26 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)[3]
 • Total124,420
 • Density211.4/km2 (548/sq mi)
 • Change
2011-2016
Increase 6.5%
 • Dwellings
49,971
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Area code(s)450 and 579
Websitewww.mrcvr.ca
[4]

It surrounds the Richelieu River as the river flows north from Lake Champlain in the United States to the Saint Lawrence River northeast of Montreal at Sorel-Tracy, Quebec. Dramatically different from the mountainous terrain to the south, the river valley is a vast plain that has been developed with extensive farmlands.

In the 21st century, the Richelieu River is very popular for both U.S. and Canadian recreational boaters, providing a connection that can bring boaters all the way from the outlet of the Saint Lawrence River to New York Harbor. A number of old fortifications exist dating back to the 17th century; they were built by the French in an effort to try to prevent the Iroquois from using the river as a way to attack the French settlers in the area. Fort Richelieu is at the mouth of the Richelieu River. Fort St. Louis (now Fort Chambly) at Chambly, Fort Sainte-Thérèse, and Fort Saint-Jean at Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, are on the way. Fort St. Anne Isle La Motte, Vermont in Lake Champlain is near the river's source. The region is informally known as la Vallée-des-Forts.

SubdivisionsEdit

There are 13 subdivisions within the RCM:[2]

DemographicsEdit

PopulationEdit

Canada census – La Vallée-du-Richelieu Regional County Municipality community profile
2016 2011 2006
Population: 124,420 (+6.5% from 2011) 116,773 (+9.4% from 2006) 106,762 (-11.0% from 2001)
Land area: 588.60 km2 (227.26 sq mi) 588.88 km2 (227.37 sq mi) 588.89 km2 (227.37 sq mi)
Population density: 211.4/km2 (548/sq mi) 198.3/km2 (514/sq mi) 181.3/km2 (470/sq mi)
Median age: 40.7 (M: 40.1, F: 41.2) 39.5 (M: 38.9, F: 40.0) 38.7 (M: 38.1, F: 39.2)
Total private dwellings: 49,971 46,215 41,531
Median household income: $84,889 $74,521 $65,468
References: 2016[5] 2011[6] 2006[7] earlier[8]
Historical Census Data - La Vallée-du-Richelieu Regional County Municipality, Quebec
YearPop.±%
1991 104,965—    
1996 113,832+8.4%
ADJ 116,745+2.6%
YearPop.±%
2001 119,993+2.8%
2006 106,762−11.0%
2011 116,773+9.4%
YearPop.±%
2016 124,420+6.5%
[9][3]

LanguageEdit

Canada Census Mother Tongue - La Vallée-du-Richelieu Regional County Municipality, Quebec[9]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2016
123,485
114,405   5.7% 92.6% 3,990   1.7% 3.2% 1105   19.5% 0.80% 3985   61.0% 2.14%
2011
115,690
108,230   9.5% 93.55% 4,060   0.6% 3.51% 925   55.5% 0.80% 2,475   4.4% 2.14%
2006
105,870
98,870   8.6% 93.39% 4,035   41.9% 3.81% 595   43.3% 0.56% 2,370   2.1% 2.24%
2001
118,635
108,215   5.8% 91.22% 6,950   2.7% 5.86% 1,050   8.8% 0.88% 2,420   3.2% 2.04%
1996
112,920
102,310 n/a 90.60% 7,145 n/a 6.33% 965 n/a 0.85% 2,500 n/a 2.21%

TransportationEdit

Access RoutesEdit

Highways and numbered routes that run through the municipality, including external routes that start or finish at the county border:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Reference number 141084 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  2. ^ a b Geographic code 570 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (in French)
  3. ^ a b c "Census Profile, 2016 Census La Vallée-du-Richelieu, Municipalité régionale de comté [Census division], Quebec". Statistics Canada. Retrieved November 25, 2019.
  4. ^ "(Code 2457) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012.
  5. ^ "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 2019-11-25.
  6. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2014-02-08.
  7. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2014-02-08.
  8. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  9. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census

External linksEdit