La Seu d'Urgell
La Seu d'Urgell (Catalan: [lə ˈsɛw ðuɾˈʒeʎ]; Spanish: Seo de Urgel, formerly in Catalan: Urgell) is a town located in the Catalan Pyrenees in Spain. La Seu d'Urgell is also the capital of the comarca Alt Urgell, head of the judicial district of la Seu d'Urgell and the seat of Bishop of Urgell, one of the Andorra co-princes. It is in the district of Alt Pirineu i Aran (High Pyrenees and Aran), and is the town with the most inhabitants, having 17.4% of the district population. La Seu d'Urgell and Puigcerdà together have 30% of the population of the area.
La Seu d'Urgell
Seu d'Urgell Cathedral
|• Mayor||Albert Batalla Siscart (2015) (CIU)|
|• Total||15.4 km2 (5.9 sq mi)|
|Elevation||691 m (2,267 ft)|
|• Density||780/km2 (2,000/sq mi)|
or Urgellès, urgellesa
It is located at the confluence of the Segre and the Valira rivers. The city is in the local region of Urgellet, a Pyrenean region formed by 16 municipalities of Alt Urgell. Urgellet and Andorra were the originary County of Urgell with capital in la Seu d'Urgell before the county expansion to the south.
Alt Urgell is the gateway to the state of Andorra and the proximity to this important population center and economic activity is largely one of the reasons for the current drive of the city of la Seu d'Urgell within Alt Pirineu i Aran.
The town's patron saints are Saint Ot of Urgell, Saint Sebastian, and the Virgin of Urgell. While the Virgin of Núria and Sant Ermengol are the main patrons of the diocese of Urgell. Sant Ermengol is the most prominent in the city than other patrons. Probably that's why there are various events throughout the year dedicated to Sant Ermengol, such as the Sant Ermengol Fair, one of the oldest in Catalonia, and the altarpiece of Sant Ermengol.
The name la Seu d'Urgell, in Latin Sedes Urgelli, is formed by two different words: Seu from the Latin "Sedes", or seat, and Urgell a pre-Roman name. Joan Coromines, a linguist, interprets that the name is related to the presence of water.
The Iberian settlement of Arse-durgui (or Arse d'Urgui) was on the hill of Castellciutat. At that time the hill was called Puiolo Urgelli. Where there was the village of Arse-durgui they built the city of Urgell (in Latin civitas Orgellia and in Catalan ciutat d'Urgell) and here lies the origin of the name Castellciutat. Until the eighteenth century the town was known simply as "Ciutat" (City in English) and Castell (Castle) was added because the existence of an ancient castle that was home of the Counts of Urgell.
Shortly after the destruction of the former Orgellia new neighborhood arose, which became the new home of the Diocese of Urgell. Its name vicus Sedes Urgelli indicates that the town is the episcopal see of the Bishop of Urgell.
Over time, Sedes Urgelli took importance and lost the word vicus (denotes that it was a district) while civitas Orgellia lost the word Orgellia and becomes simply Civitas until the 18th century.
The city is at the confluence of two rivers, the Segre and Gran Valira, located in a plain 7 km long and 691 meters high surrounded by high mountains, such as the Cadí mountain range. The plain is called plana de la Seu and was formed by the Segre river.
Because it is located at one of the major crossroads of communication in the Catalan Pyrenees, la Seu d'Urgell has had a unique and historic role in the county of Urgell. The roads to Andorra, Cerdanya and the low Segre all converge on la Seu d'Urgell.
Parallel to the Valira river rises a mountain range, where stand the remains of two great fortresses, the Ciutadella and Ciutat Castle (in Castellciutat), both of historic importance in the town. Small banks or open plains around the Segre are separated by gorges.
In the north, La Seu d'Urgell has borders with the municipality of les Valls de Valira, to the west with Montferrer i Castellbò where there is La Seu d'Urgell Airport (also known as Andorra-Pirineus airport), to the south-west with Ribera d'Urgellet, to the south-east with Alàs i Cerc, and to the north-east with Estamariu.
The municipality includes a small exclave to the east.
La Seu d'Urgell municipalityEdit
- Castellciutat (a village).
- Les Torres.
- La Seu d'Urgell districts:
- Sant Antoni.
- Sant Pere.
- La Seu d'Urgell:
- Santa Magdalena.
- Serrat de la Capella.
- Eixample Bergós (non-official).
- Casc antic (Town center historic district in English) (non-official).
Fairs, festivals and marketsEdit
Despite the low population density of Alt Pirineu i Aran, the area hosts 6.6% of the exhibitions and other civic activities in Catalonia. In la Seu d'Urgell, there are numerous fairs and markets throughout the year:
- Traditional market takes place every Tuesday and Saturday in the Main Street.
- Fira de Sant Ermengol, documented as the oldest of Spain, held on the third weekend of October.
- Fira de Formatges Artesans del Pirineu (cheese fair of Pyrenean artisans).
- Spring Fair held in April and includes an exhibition of the best examples of Vaca bruna dels Pirineus, a cow from Pyrenees.
- Fira d'Art, an art exhibition, held since 2007.
- Mercat Medieval dels Canonges: a festival of street music, theater, circus, falconery and old offices.
- Mercat de les Opportunitats is held twice a year.
- International Music Festival Joan Brudieu began in 1969 and is held in July and August.
- Church monuments:
- Santa Maria d'Urgell, cathedral of la Seu d'Urgell, in the square of Oms.
- Cloisters of the cathedral of Urgell.
- Diocese of Urgell Museum. It houses the Urgell Beatus illuminated manuscript.
- Palau Episcopal de la Seu d'Urgell (Episcopal Palace), the palace courtyard.
- Library of Sant Agustí, current municipal library where there was the old convent of Sant Agustí.
- Church of Sant Miquel along the cloister of Santa Maria d'Urgell is the only building that remains of the cathedral complex built by Sant Ermengol that dates from the year 1035.
- Old Church of Santa Immaculada and future conference room.
- Old Church of Sant Domènec, a Gothic building. It is used for conferences and exhibitions.
- Church of Santa Magdalena, the most important church from the social point of view.
- Seminari conciliar. To the north of the city, it is surrounded by a large courtyard building with a monumental facade featuring a neo-Romanesque design. Built in 1860 by Roman Samson.
- Old Town, or historic center, where there are Canonges street and the Main Street, both of high architectural value, in addition to the courtyard of the Palau and square Oms where there are the City Hall. The Passeig de Joan Brudieu, the center of la Seu d'Urgell, is one of the most important streets and divides the old town and the new one.
- Castellciutat village, has panoramic views over the Tower of Solsona, the castel and Ciutadella.
- Educational Centers
- Cultural Center "Les Monges" (The Nuns), there are the schools of dance, music and plastic arts in addition to municipal child care, a center of UNED.
- IES Joan Brudieu: Institute for secondary education, high school.
- Cadí-Moixeró Natural Park
At its artificial whitewater course, Parc Olímpic del Segre, the town hosted the canoe slalom events for the 1992 Summer Olympics in neighboring Barcelona. It hosted the ICF Canoe Slalom World Championships in 1999 and again in 2009.
Incorporation of the municipality of les Torres (1857), Castellciutat (1975).
- "Ajuntament de la Seu d'Urgell". Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 2015-11-13.
- "El municipi en xifres: La Seu d'Urgell". Statistical Institute of Catalonia. Retrieved 2015-11-23.
- "Municipal Register of Spain 2018". National Statistics Institute. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- L'Enciclopèdia Catalana (The Encyclopedia) Archived 2009-02-01 at the Wayback Machine, la Seu d'Urgell. (in Catalan)
- "The population and the urban structure of Alt Pirineu i Aran" (PDF).[permanent dead link] (2.87 MB) (in Catalan)
- GGCC, la Seu d'Urgell: Urban morphology. (in Catalan)
- L'Enciclopèdia Catalana (The Encyclopedia) Archived 2010-07-01 at the Wayback Machine, Urgellet. (in Catalan)
- GGCC, la Seu d'Urgell: Origins. (in Catalan)
- "Key factors of the territorial structure" (PDF).[permanent dead link] (1.72 MB) (in Catalan)
- Diocesan Museum of Urgell Archived 2012-02-22 at the Wayback Machine the work of Sant Ot. (in Catalan)
- L'Enciclopèdia Catalana (The Encyclopedia) Archived 2008-10-14 at the Wayback Machine, Cathedral of Urgell. (in Catalan)
- Diocesan Museum of Urgell Archived 2012-02-22 at the Wayback Machine the work of Saint Ermengol. (in Catalan)
- Diari d'Andorra Archived 2012-12-06 at Archive.today, Fair 2008. (in Catalan)
- GGCC, Urgell: The origin of the name. (in Catalan)
- GGCC, Seu d'Urgell: Location and layout. (in Catalan)
- XI Congrés de Fires de Catalunya a Tremp. Archived 2008-08-21 at the Wayback Machine (in Catalan)