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La Méprise (Marivaux) is a comedy in one act and in prose, written by French playwright Pierre de Marivaux and first performed on August 6, 1734 by the Comédie-Italienne at the théâtre of the Hôtel de Bourgogne.


  • Clarice
  • Hortense, Clarice's sister
  • Ergaste
  • Lisette, Clarice's servant
  • Arlequin, Hortense's servant
  • Frontin, Ergaste's servant.


Two sisters, both blonde and charming, dress the same. The play is set in a park, where the young ladies are having a walk, hiding their face behind a mask. Ergaste, the lover, thinks he is talking to one sister when in fact it is the other. quid pro quos follow, until the two sisters disappear together.


  • (in French) Lucette Desvignes, "Marivaux et La Méprise : exploration d’un thème antique", Revue de Littérature Comparée, n. 41, pp. 166–179, 1967.
  • (in French) Jean Fleury, Marivaux et le marivaudage, Paris: Plon, 1881.