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La Jonquera (Catalan pronunciation: [lə ʒuŋˈkeɾə]) is a municipality in the comarca of l'Alt Empordà, in Catalonia, Spain. It is situated next to the border with France, opposite the municipality of Le Perthus.

La Jonquera
Panorama of the Requesens Castle
Panorama of the Requesens Castle
Flag of La Jonquera
Flag
Coat of arms of La Jonquera
Coat of arms
La Jonquera is located in Province of Girona
La Jonquera
La Jonquera
Location in Catalonia
La Jonquera is located in Spain
La Jonquera
La Jonquera
La Jonquera (Spain)
Coordinates: 42°25′11″N 2°52′31″E / 42.41972°N 2.87528°E / 42.41972; 2.87528Coordinates: 42°25′11″N 2°52′31″E / 42.41972°N 2.87528°E / 42.41972; 2.87528
Country Spain
Community Catalonia
ProvinceBandera de la provincia de Gerona.png Girona
ComarcaFlag of Alt Emporda.svg Alt Empordà
Government
 • MayorSònia Martínez Juli (2015)[1]
Area
 • Total56.9 km2 (22.0 sq mi)
Elevation
110 m (360 ft)
Population
 (2018)[3]
 • Total3,233
 • Density57/km2 (150/sq mi)
DemonymsJonquerenc, jonquerenca, jonquereño, jonquereña
Websitewww.lajonquera.cat

Contents

HistoryEdit

The area has always been an important pass through the Pyrenees. A contemporary motorway runs not far from the ancient Roman road, the Via Augusta. Not far from there is an altar erected by Pompey at the Coll de Panissars.

La Jonquera was the site of a conflict involving the retreating French crusaders in 1285 that ended in their defeat.

GeographyEdit

Civil parishesEdit

La Jonquera (2,888 inhabitants in the village) has got 4 civil parishes (poblaciones). The village of Els Límits is situated on the French-Spanish border, contiguous to its French twin town, Le Perthus.

Village Population (2005)
Canadal 9
Els Límits 115
Requesens 0
Sant Julià 4

Interesting placesEdit

  • Church of Santa Maria.
  • Ruins of Santa Maria de Panissars (mediaeval Benedictine monastery), in the coll de Panissars.
  • Ruins of the castell de Rocabertí.
  • Castell de Canadal, with the church of Santa Cristina or Sant Jaume de Canadal (c. IX).
  • Romanesque churches (Sant Pere del Pla de l'Arca and Sant Martí del Forn del Vidre (10th century), and Santa Llúcia, Sant Miquel de Solans and Sant Julià dels Torts (12th century).
  • Porta Catalana (work of Josep Lluís Sert), in the border.
  • Several megalithic monuments (dolmens and menhirs).

ProstitutionEdit

The New York Times reported that one of Europe's largest brothels opened in La Jonquera in 2010, taking advantage of Europe's open borders and "lax laws". Many of its clients reportedly come from France, where prostitution was made illegal in April 2016. According to the paper, "Advocates and police officials say that most of the women are controlled by illegal networks — they are modern-day slaves."[4]

Forest firesEdit

The area around La Jonquera was seriously affected by fatal wildfires that devastated large swathes of forestry in northern Catalonia in July 2012.[5]

DemographyEdit

1900 1930 1950 1970 1986 2007
1588 1273 1199 1964 2582 3075

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Ajuntament de la Jonquera". Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 2015-11-13.
  2. ^ "El municipi en xifres: La Jonquera". Statistical Institute of Catalonia. Retrieved 2015-11-23.
  3. ^ "Municipal Register of Spain 2018". National Statistics Institute. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  4. ^ Daley, Suzanne (2012-04-06). "In Spain, Women Enslaved by a Boom in Brothel Tourism". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-07-23.
  5. ^ "Spain wildfires: Four killed in Catalonia". BBC News. 2012-07-23. Retrieved 2012-07-23.
  • Panareda Clopés, Josep Maria; Rios Calvet, Jaume; Rabella Vives, Josep Maria (1989). Guia de Catalunya, Barcelona:Caixa de Catalunya. ISBN 84-87135-01-3 (Spanish). ISBN 84-87135-02-1 (Catalan).

External linksEdit