La Jana (born Henriette Margareta Niederauer, later surnamed Hiebel; 24 February 1905 – 13 March 1940) was an Austro-German dancer and actress.
|Born||24 February 1905|
|Died||13 March 1940|
|Years active||1925–1940 (film)|
Life and careerEdit
Born in Vienna as Henriette Margareta "Henny" Niederauer, the illegitimate daughter of the master gilder Heinrich Hiebel and his housekeeper Anna Niederauer, her parents did not wed until 1909, in Frankfurt. Her family was Jewish. The children grew up in the old city, near the Goethe House. Henny's older sister, Anny, later trained as an opera singer.
Henny trained as a dancer at the Frankfurt Opera Ballet; she first appeared on stage there at the age of 8 and later became a dancer in revues.
In his autobiography, Géza von Cziffra says that he encountered her in the Chat Noir cabaret in Paris and brought her back to Berlin, where he introduced her to Frederic Zelnik and got her into films. He describes her as he saw her then:
And there I saw her dance for the first time: that woman possessed the most attractive body that I had set eyes upon in my not all that long life. The girl, here moving to and fro in the spotlight . . . had a boyish build: slim hips, practically just the suggestion of a bust. . . . She was a simple, nice, approachable girl, but she had as much interest in sex as in Immanuel Kant. That's to say, none at all.
Géza von Cziffra's version of events is disputed. There are at least two other versions of how La Jana was discovered. According to contemporary reports, she was first discovered in Frankfurt, at the Weinklause cabaret, before going to Berlin to dance. Another story is that she was brought in at a day's notice to replace the ailing star of a revue in Dresden and later received engagements in Berlin as a result.
Around 1926, La Jana, still known as Henny Hiebel, became engaged to the actor Ulrich Bettac. That year she moved with him to Berlin; however, the engagement was called off a few years later.
She appeared as a dancer in revues in Berlin, Stockholm (1933) and London (1934/35) among other cities, performing in Herman Haller's An und Aus, Erik Charell's Casanova and Max Reinhardt's Die schöne Helena. In Casanova she was presented to the audience semi-naked on a silver platter. She became the talk of Berlin. Crown Prince Wilhelm became her lover and visited her regularly at her villa in Grunewald. There were also rumours of an affair between her and Joseph Goebbels. The impresario Charles B. Cochran, in contrast, reports reading in a newspaper that "Hitler was seldom seen in public without La Jana". When Charlie Chaplin was in Berlin, they had an affair which he wrote up for the Women's Home Companion. But she is said to have been married to or at least living with the opera singer Michael Bohnen.
With Cochran's Streamline, La Jana toured throughout England and Scotland in 1934. In this show, she played a Spanish dancer. After her return to Germany, Truxa (filmed in 1936, released in 1937) made her a film star, and from then on she appeared in one or more films almost every year. She represented an exotic, not typically German type of womanhood. After she travelled to India with Richard Eichberg, millions admired her in the films she made there, Der Tiger von Eschnapur and Das indische Grabmal, which also featured Frits van Dongen, Theo Lingen and Gisela Schlüter amongst others. In Menschen vom Variete and Es leuchten die Sterne, she appeared with Hans Moser and Grethe Weiser amongst others. She "initiate[d] the experiments of Nazi cinema in mimicking the Hollywood musical" and became the top dance and musical star in German films.
In the winter of 1939/40, La Jana was engaged for a multi-city tour of Germany entertaining the troops, since her fame made her an assured draw. In February 1940, she fell ill with bilateral pneumonia, and she died on 13 March 1940, aged 35, in Wilmersdorf. The premiere of her last film, Stern von Rio, took place a week later on 20 March at the Ufa-Palast am Zoo.
La Jana was buried in Waldfriedhof Dahlem. The grave site had been cleared, but on 25 September 1990, the City of Berlin declared it an honorary grave and it is now marked by a simple stone with a bas relief plaque of her in profile. The stone had been kept at the Heimatmuseum in Steglitz.
According to contemporary reports, 'La Jana' was an Indian name meaning 'like a flower'. It is likely that it was actually made up. It is uncertain how she came to adopt it, although some sources say a director chose it for her. She appeared in 1924/25 as part of a two-woman act called 'The Charming Sisters'. Autographed cards exist in Sweden on which her name appears as 'Lary Jana'.
The German dancer and actress Brunhilde Marie Alma Herta Jörns chose Laya Raki as her stage name in honour of La Jana and raki.
- Ways to Strength and Beauty (1925, Germany)
- The White Geisha (1926, Danish/German)
- His English Wife (1927 Sweden/Germany)
- A Perfect Gentleman (1927, Sweden)
- Thérèse Raquin (1928, France/Germany)
- The Beaver Coat (1928, Germany)
- Two Red Roses (1928 Germany)
- Der Ladenprinz (1928, Germany)
- Gaunerliebchen (1928, Germany)
- Knights of the Night (1928, Germany)
- Der Herzensphotograph (1928, Germany)
- Spanisches Intermezzo (1929, Germany), short film
- Perjury (1929, Germany)
- The Merry Widower (1929, Germany)
- The Warsaw Citadel (1930, Germany)
- Der Schlemihl (1931, Germany)
- Ich bin Du (1934, Germany) Short film
- Truxa (1937, Germany)
- The Tiger of Eschnapur (1938, Germany)
- The Indian Tomb (1938, Germany)
- The Stars Shine (1938, Germany)
- Menschen vom Varieté (1939, Germany)
- Der Trichter Nr. 10 (1940, Germany) Short film
- The Star of Rio (1940, Germany)
- 1924 An und Aus (Berlin)
- 1927/28 Alles aus Liebe (Vienna)
- 1928 Helene (Berlin)
- 1928 Casanova (Berlin)
- 1928–1933 Die drei Musketiere (Berlin)
- 1930–1932 Die schöne Helena (Berlin)
- 1930–1932 Hoffmanns Erzählungen (Berlin)
- 1933 Casanova (Stockholm)
- 1934–1935 Streamline (Berlin, London, followed by English and Scottish tour)
- 1935 A Kingdom For A Cow (London)
- 1937 Piccadilly (Berlin)
- ^ Hans-Otto Schembs and Helmut Nordmeyer, Grosser Hirschgraben: Geschichte und Geschichten einer Strasse Archived 2011-07-19 at the Wayback Machine, Institut für Stadtgeschichte Frankfurt am Main, 2000 (pdf) p. 31. (in German)
- ^ Kathrin Bonacker, Tanz!: Rhythmus und Leidenschaft, Hessische Blätter für Volks- und Kulturforschung, neue Folge 42, Marburg: Jonas, 2007; ISBN 978-3-89445-389-3, p. 165. (in German)
- ^ a b Jo Fox, Filming women in the Third Reich, Oxford/New York: Berg, 2000, ISBN 1-85973-391-3, pg. 122
- ^ "Und dort sah ich sie zum ersten Mal tanzen: diese Frau besaß den herrlichsten Körper, den ich in meinem nicht allzulangem Leben erblickt hatte. Das Mädchen, das sich hier im Scheinwerferlicht auf und ab bewegte . . . war knabenhaft gebaut: schlanke Hüften, fast nur die Andeutung von Busen. . . . Sie war ein einfaches, nettes, zugängliches Mädchen, aber für Sex hatte sie ebensoviel Interesse wie für Immanuel Kant. Also gar keines." - quoted in Bonacker, p. 169 and Guy Wagner, Korngold: Musik ist Musik, Berlin: Matthes & Seitz, 2008, ISBN 978-3-88221-897-8, p. 217. (in German)
- ^ Bonacker, p. 169.
- ^ Bonacker, p. 167.
- ^ Bonacker, p. 171.
- ^ a b c Géza von Cziffra, Es war eine rauschende Ballnacht: eine Sittengeschichte des deutschen Films, Munich: Herbig, 1985, ISBN 3-7766-1341-6, p. 28. (in German)
- ^ Neue deutsche Biographie: Krell-Laven, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 1953, p. 423. (in German)
- ^ Hans Otto Meissner, Junge Jahre im Reichspräsidentenpalais: Erinnerungen an Ebert und Hindenburg 1919-1934, Munich: Bechtle, 1988, ISBN 3-7628-0469-9, p. 294. (in German)
- ^ Harry Balkow-Gölitzer, Bettina Biedermann, Rüdiger Reitmeier and Jörg Riedel, Prominente in Berlin-Westend: und ihre Geschichten, Berlin: Berlin Edition, 2007, ISBN 978-3-8148-0158-2, p. 104. (in German)
- ^ a b Kino- und Fernseh-Almanach 18 (1988) p. 276, note 32. (in German)
- ^ Sir Charles Blake Cochran, Showman Looks On, London: Dent, 1946, p. 141.
- ^ Kenneth Schuyler Lynn, Charlie Chaplin and his Times, New York : Simon & Schuster, 1997, ISBN 0-684-80851-X, p. 348.
- ^ NS-Presseanweisungen der Vorkriegszeit, ed. Gabriele Toepser-Ziegert and Hans Bohrmann, Munich/Paris: Saur, 1993, p. 594. (in German)
- ^ Georg Zivier, Hellmut Kotschenreuther and Volker Ludwig, Kabarett mit K: fünfzig Jahre grosse Kleinkunst, Berlin Verlag, 1974, ISBN 3-87061-060-3, p. 20. (in German)
- ^ Fritz Hennenberg, Es muss was Wunderbares sein--: Ralph Benatzky: zwischen "Weissem Rössl" und Hollywood, Vienna: Zsolnay, 1998, ISBN 3-552-04851-0, p. 122. (in German) His granddaughter denies they were romantically involved but says they corresponded for many years.
- ^ "Diese Woche im Fernsehen", Der Spiegel 2 February 1976 (in German) - describing her as "Göring's favourite dancer".
- ^ Dagmar Herzog, Sexuality and German Fascism: Journal of the History of Sexuality 11.1/2, Austin: University of Texas, 2002, p. 184.
- ^ Franz-Burkhard Habel with Oliver Schwarzkopf, Das war unser Kintopp!: die ersten fünfzig Jahre: von den lebenden Bildern zum Ufa-Tonfilm: ein Streifzug in Wort und Bild, Berlin: Berlin : Schwarzkopf & Schwarzkopf, 1995, ISBN 3-89602-031-5, p. 172. (in German)
- ^ Roland Schneider, Histoire du cinéma allemand, Collection "Septième art" 89, Paris: Cerf, 1990, ISBN 2-204-04120-3, p. 112. (in French)
- ^ Lilian Karina and Marion Kant, Hitler's Dancers: German Modern Dance and the Third Reich, tr. Jonathan Steinberg, New York: Berghahn, 2003, ISBN 1-57181-326-8, p. 138 describe her as "an ersatz German Josephine Baker".
- ^ These were remakes of films directed by Joe May in 1921: The Indian Tomb (1921 film); "Monumental-Filme: Soviel Pracht" Archived 2012-03-14 at the Wayback Machine, Der Spiegel 8 October 1958, pp. 58–60 (pdf) (in German), with picture.
- ^ Joachim Aubert, Handbuch der Grabstätten berühmter Deutscher, Österreicher und Schweizer, 2nd ed. Munich: Deutscher Kunstverlag, 1975, ISBN 3-422-00344-4, p. 103. (in German)
- ^ Ehrengrabstätten des Landes Berlin, Berlin.de, December 2010, (pdf) p. 66, retrieved 7 January 2011 (in German)
- ^ Bonacker, p. 168.
- ^ For example Filmkunst 21-38, p. 32 (in German) claims the director of a production of Noah's Ark bestowed it on her.
- ^ Bonacker, p. 168.
- Christa Bandmann. Es leuchten die Sterne. Aus der Glanzzeit des deutschen Films. Munich: Heyne, 1984. ISBN 3-453-01128-7 (in German)
- Helena Lehmann. La Jana. Eine Biografie. Self-published, Wiesbaden 2008. ISBN 978-3-00-020073-1 (in German)
- Rolf Weiser. "La Jana gestorben". Filmwelt 29 March 1940. (in German)
- La Jana at the German Dance Archive, Cologne
- La Jana at filmportal.de
- La Jana at the English and German Internet Movie Database
- La Jana pictures at Virtual History.com
- La Jana Memorial Page
- The La Jana Shrine