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London Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS) Jubilee Class No. 5690 (BR No. 45690) Leander is a preserved British steam locomotive.

LMS 5690 Leander
LMS 45690 Leander at Barrow Hill Roundhouse.JPG
Leander at Barrow Hill Roundhouse during the "Ticket to Ride" LMS Gala in Sept 2015.
Type and origin
Power typeSteam
DesignerWilliam Stanier
BuilderCrewe Works
Order numberLMS Lot 122
Build date1936 (1936)
 • Whyte4-6-0
 • UIC2′C h3
Gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Leading dia.3 ft 3 12 in (1.003 m)
Driver dia.6 ft 9 in (2.057 m)
Length64 ft 8 34 in (19.73 m)
Loco weight79.55 long tons (80.83 t; 89.10 short tons)
Tender weight54.65 long tons (55.53 t; 61.21 short tons)
Fuel typeCoal
Fuel capacity9.0 long tons (9.1 t; 10.1 short tons)
Water cap4,000 imp gal (18,000 l; 4,800 US gal)
BoilerLMS type 3A
Boiler pressure225 lbf/in2 (1.55 MPa) superheated
Cylinder size17 in × 26 in (432 mm × 660 mm)
Valve gearWalschaerts
Valve typePiston valves
Train heatingSteam Heat
Performance figures
Maximum speed75mph
Tractive effort26,610 lbf (118.37 kN)
Power class
  • LMS: 5XP
  • BR: 6P
Axle load classBR: Route Availability 8
Current ownerChris Beet
DispositionOperational, mainline certified
5690 Leander at Boar's Head


Operational historyEdit

5690 was built at Crewe in March 1936 and named Leander after HMS Leander, which in turn was named after the Greek hero Leander. From March 1936 it was based at Crewe North shed where it remained until 1947 when it was transferred to the former LMS engine shed at Bristol (Barrow Road). After nationalisation in 1948, it was renumbered 45690 by British Railways.

After being withdrawn in 1964, Leander was sold to Woodham Brothers scrapyard in Barry, South Wales.


Rescued by Brian Oliver in May 1972, it was restored by the Leander Locomotive Society at Derby and later kept at the Dinting Railway Museum, Glossop. After later purchase by and running on the Severn Valley Railway, Leander was sold to Dr Peter Beet, and restored to running condition on the East Lancashire Railway in LMS Crimson Lake livery. As of 2008, Leander was owned by Chris Beet (Engineering and Rail Operations Manager, National Railway Museum)[1] and operated by the West Coast Railway Company from their Carnforth MPD base.

In 2008, Leander provided motive power for the Scarborough Spa Express heritage service. It also spent October at the Great Central Railway "Steam Railway" gala, alongside BR Standard 7 Britannia Class No. 70013 Oliver Cromwell and LNER Peppercorn Class A1 No. 60163 Tornado.

In September 2010, Leander visited the Severn Valley Railway (SVR) for their 40th anniversary Autumn steam gala alongside fellow visiting locomotives and former Severn Valley based engines GWR 2251 Class 0-6-0 No. 3205, GWR 3700 Class 4-4-0 No. 3717 City of Truro, GWR 4575 Class 2-6-2T No. 5542 and SR West Country Pacific 4-6-2 No. 34070 Manston. Leander departed from the SVR at the beginning of October hauling the Severn Valley Limited to Blackpool North one way only as the locomotive was en route to the East Lancashire Railway for a few weeks stay during their Autumn Steam Gala. Shortly afterwards, Leander returned to Carnforth and mainline operation.

In April 2012, Leander was withdrawn early for overhaul due to its poor condition. Chris Beet managed the overhaul, assisted by the team at West Coast Railway Company from their Carnforth MPD base. She returned to operation in October 2014, painted in BR Lined Black, the livery that it carried between 12 April 1949 and 15 November 1952,[2] and which was also carried by 46 other members of the class from August 1948.[3] Her first revenue earning run was to be over Shap Summit to Carlisle and back along the Settle & Carlisle line on 24 January, but she failed her FTR exam so her first revenue earning run was over Shap Summit to Carlisle, Newcastle upon Tyne, York, Manchester and Preston on 7 March 2015.

Preservation PhotosEdit


  1. ^ "LMS JUBILEE CLASS "LEANDER" VISIT ANNOUNCED!". 9 September 2008. Archived from the original on 15 September 2008. Retrieved 2 November 2008.
  2. ^ Townsin, Ray (2006). Taylor, R.K. (ed.). The Jubilee 4-6-0's. Bristol: RCTS. p. 197. ISBN 0-901115-94-0.
  3. ^ Townsin 2006, pp. 58–59

External linksEdit