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Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Togo face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents. Both male and female same-sex sexual activity is illegal in Togo.

Location Togo AU Africa.svg
StatusIllegal since 1884 (as Togoland)[1]
Penalty1-3 years imprisonment, fine
Gender identityUnknown
MilitaryUnknown
Discrimination protectionsNo
Family rights
Recognition of relationshipsUnknown
AdoptionUnknown

Law regarding same-sex sexual activityEdit

Same-sex sexual activity is illegal, with a penalty of one to three years imprisonment and a fine of 100,000 to 500,000 CFA francs.[2][3][Note 1]

Adoption of childrenEdit

According to a website of the French government, single and married people are eligible to adopt children. The website does not say whether LGBT people are disqualified.[4]

Living conditionsEdit

No law protects persons from discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity.[2]

The U.S. Department of State's 2011 human rights report found that,

The law provides that a person who engages in a consensual same-sex sexual act may be punished by one to three years' imprisonment and fined 100,000 to 500,000 CFA francs ($208 to $1,041). There were no prosecutions [in 2011] for homosexuality or the often related charge of indecent assault. The eight persons arrested for same-sex sexual conduct in 2010 remained incarcerated. Societal discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity occurred, and there were no known lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender organizations.[2]

Summary tableEdit

Same-sex sexual activity legal   (Penalty: Fine and up to 3 years imprisonment)
Equal age of consent  
Anti-discrimination laws in employment only  
Anti-discrimination laws in the provision of goods and services  
Anti-discrimination laws in all other areas (Incl. indirect discrimination, hate speech)  
Same-sex marriages  
Recognition of same-sex couples  
Step-child adoption by same-sex couples  
Joint adoption by same-sex couples  
Gays and lesbians allowed to serve openly in the military  
Right to change legal gender  
Access to IVF for lesbians  
Commercial surrogacy for gay male couples  
MSMs allowed to donate blood  

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The official text of Article 88 in French (Code pénal):

    Sera puni d'un emprisonnement d'un à trois (03) ans et d'une amende de 100 000 à 500 000 francs quiconque aura commis un acte impudique ou contre nature avec un individu de son sexe.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Where is it illegal to be gay?
  2. ^ a b c 2011 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Togo, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, U.S. Department of State, page 20
  3. ^ Itaborahy, Lucas Paoli (May 2013). "State-sponsored Homophobia: A world survey of laws prohibiting same sex activity between consenting adults". The International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 July 2013. Retrieved 3 June 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  4. ^ "Fiches pays Adoption: Togo", France Diplomatie, French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Google translation