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The annual New York City Pride March traverses southward down Fifth Avenue and ends at Greenwich Village in Lower Manhattan. The NYC Pride March rivals the Sao Paulo Gay Pride Parade as the largest pride parade in the world, attracting tens of thousands of participants and millions of sidewalk spectators each June.[4][5] The March passes by the site of the Stonewall Inn on Christopher Street, location of the June 1969 Stonewall riots that launched the modern movement for LGBTQ+ rights.[6] The March, along with The Rally, PrideFest, and Pride Island are the main annual events organized by NYC Pride. Since 1984, the volunteers of the non-profit Heritage of Pride (HOP) have produced these events for New York City, supported in earlier days by limited staff.[7]

NYC Pride March
Facade of the Stonewall Inn, adorned in numerous rainbow flags for the announcement of the site being designated a National Monument.
The Stonewall Inn located in Greenwich Village was the site of the June 1969 Stonewall riots. That event in New York City's queer history has served as a touchstone for various social movements, as well as the catalyst for Pride parades around the world.[1][2][3]
Frequencyannually, last Sunday in June
Location(s)New York City
InauguratedJune 28, 1970 (1970-06-28), as part of Christopher Street Liberation Day
Organized byHeritage of Pride, since 1984
Millions of spectators gather every June for the New York City LGBT Pride March.

Since 2017, plans were formed by the State of New York to host the largest international LGBT pride celebration in 2019, known as Stonewall 50 / WorldPride, to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Stonewall Riots.[8] In New York City, the Stonewall 50 / WorldPride events organized by Heritage of Pride will be enhanced through a partnership made with the I NY LGBT division and will include a welcome center during the weeks in June. Additional commemorative arts, cultural, and educational programming to mark the 50th anniversary of the rebellion at the Stonewall Inn will be taking place throughout the city and the world; it is believed that 2019 will be the largest international LGBT pride celebration held in history.[9]

Contents

OriginsEdit

New York City Pride, 2011 at top, and 2015 below.

Early on the morning of Saturday, 28 June 1969, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people rioted, following a police raid on the Stonewall Inn, a gay bar at 53 Christopher Street in Greenwich Village, Lower Manhattan. This riot and further protests and rioting over the following nights were the watershed moment in the modern LGBT rights movement and the impetus for organizing LGBT pride marches on a much larger scale. Veterans of the riot formed a group, the Stonewall Veterans Association, which has continued to drive the advancement of LGBT rights from those two nights of rioting at the Stonewall Inn, to the present day.

On November 2, 1969, Craig Rodwell, his partner Fred Sargeant, Ellen Broidy, and Linda Rhodes proposed the first pride march to be held in New York City by way of a resolution at the Eastern Regional Conference of Homophile Organizations (ERCHO) meeting in Philadelphia.[10]

"That the Annual Reminder, in order to be more relevant, reach a greater number of people, and encompass the ideas and ideals of the larger struggle in which we are engaged-that of our fundamental human rights-be moved both in time and location.


We propose that a demonstration be held annually on the last Saturday in June in New York City to commemorate the 1969 spontaneous demonstrations on Christopher Street and this demonstration be called CHRISTOPHER STREET LIBERATION DAY. No dress or age regulations shall be made for this demonstration.


We also propose that we contact Homophile organizations throughout the country and suggest that they hold parallel demonstrations on that day. We propose a nationwide show of support.[11][12][13][14]

All attendees to the ERCHO meeting in Philadelphia voted for the march except for Mattachine Society of New York, which abstained.[11] Members of the Gay Liberation Front (GLF) attended the meeting and were seated as guests of Rodwell's group, Homophile Youth Movement in Neighborhoods (HYMN).[15]

Meetings to organize the march began in early January at Rodwell's apartment in 350 Bleecker Street.[16] At first there was difficulty getting some of the major New York City organizations like Gay Activists Alliance (GAA) to send representatives. Craig Rodwell and his partner Fred Sargeant, Ellen Broidy, Michael Brown, Marty Nixon, and Foster Gunnison of Mattachine made up the core group of the CSLD Umbrella Committee (CSLDUC). For initial funding, Gunnison served as treasurer and sought donations from the national homophile organizations and sponsors, while Sargeant solicited donations via the Oscar Wilde Memorial Bookshop customer mailing list and Nixon worked to gain financial support from GLF in his position as treasurer for that organization.[17][18] Other mainstays of the organizing committee were Judy Miller, Jack Waluska, Steve Gerrie and Brenda Howard of GLF.[19] Believing that more people would turn out for the march on a Sunday, and so as to mark the date of the start of the Stonewall uprising, the committee scheduled the date for the first march for Sunday, June 28, 1970.[20] With Dick Leitsch's replacement as president of Mattachine NY by "Michael Kotis" in April, 1970, opposition to the march by Mattachine ended.[21] By 1973, the original Gay Liberation Front disbanded [22].

Brenda Howard is known as the "Mother of Pride" for her work in coordinating the march. Howard also originated the idea for a week-long series of events around Pride Day, which became the genesis of the annual LGBT Pride celebrations that are now held around the world every June.[23][24] Additionally, Howard along with fellow LGBT activists Robert A. Martin (aka Donny the Punk) and L. Craig Schoonmaker are credited with popularizing the word "Pride" to describe these festivities.[25] As LGBT rights activist Tom Limoncelli put it, "The next time someone asks you why LGBT Pride marches exist or why [LGBT] Pride Month is June tell them 'A bisexual woman named Brenda Howard thought it should be.'" [26]

There was little open animosity, and some bystanders applauded when a tall, pretty girl carrying a sign "I am a Lesbian" walked by. – The New York Times coverage of Gay Liberation Day, 1970[27]

Christopher Street Liberation Day on June 28, 1970 marked the first anniversary of the Stonewall riots with an assembly on Christopher Street and the first LGBT Pride march in U.S. history, covering the 51 blocks to Central Park. The march took less than half the scheduled time due to enthusiasm but also due to wariness about walking through the city with gay banners and signs. Although the parade permit was delivered only two hours before the start of the march, the marchers encountered little resistance from onlookers.[28] The New York Times reported (on the front page) that the marchers took up the entire street for about 15 city blocks.[27] Reporting by The Village Voice was positive, describing "the out-front resistance that grew out of the police raid on the Stonewall Inn one year ago".[29]

OrganizersEdit

The first March in 1970 was organized by the Christopher Street Liberation Day Committee. Since 1984 the parade and related LGBT pride events in New York City have been produced and organized by Heritage of Pride (HOP), a wholly volunteer-managed, non-partisan, tax-exempt, non-profit organization.[7] HOP welcomes participation regardless of age, creed, gender, gender identification, HIV status, national origin, physical, mental or developmental ability, race, or religion.

BroadcastEdit

After many years where NY1 broadcast the March locally, in 2017 WABC-TV broadcast it live for the first time regionally and has made the stream available in all parts of the world where such content is accessible.[30][31]

SchismsEdit

Over the course of nearly five decades, various groups have accused the NYC Pride March of losing its political, activist roots and becoming a venue for corporate pinkwashing and assimilation of queer identities. Such critiques have given rise to various independent events conducted without permits or police. The Dyke March has been held annually since 1993 on the Saturday prior.[32] Since 1994 the Drag March has been held annually on the Friday prior; it began as a protest to the ban on leather and drag during the 25th anniversary of Stonewall.[33][34] Coinciding with the 50th anniversary of Stonewall in 2019, the Reclaim Pride Coalition will hold a Queer Liberation March on Sunday morning before the NYC Pride March.[35][36]

Grand MarshalsEdit

 
Pride crosswalk at the corner of 7th Ave. and Christopher St.

2019Edit

2018Edit

2017Edit

2016Edit

2015Edit

2014Edit

2013Edit

2012Edit

  • Cyndi Lauper
  • Chris Salgardo, CEO of Kiel's Since 1851.
  • Connie Kopelov & Phyllis Siegel, New York City's first legally married same-sex couple.[43]

2011Edit

2010Edit

2009: Stonewall 40Edit

2009 marked the occasion of the 40th Anniversary of the Stonewall Riots in New York City. Accordingly, HOP in conjunction with NYC local government promoted the event for people from around the world to attend. Grand Marshals that year were:

2008Edit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Julia Goicichea (August 16, 2017). "Why New York City Is a Major Destination for LGBT Travelers". The Culture Trip. Retrieved February 2, 2019.
  2. ^ Eli Rosenberg (June 24, 2016). "Stonewall Inn Named National Monument, a First for the Gay Rights Movement". The New York Times. Retrieved June 25, 2016.
  3. ^ "Workforce Diversity The Stonewall Inn, National Historic Landmark National Register Number: 99000562". National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
  4. ^ "Revelers Take To The Streets For 48th Annual NYC Pride March". CBS New York. June 25, 2017. Retrieved June 26, 2017. A sea of rainbows took over the Big Apple for the biggest pride parade in the world Sunday.
  5. ^ Dawn Ennis (May 24, 2017). "ABC will broadcast New York's pride parade live for the first time". LGBTQ Nation. Retrieved September 26, 2018. Never before has any TV station in the entertainment and news media capital of the world carried what organizer boast is the world’s largest Pride parade live on TV.
  6. ^ Stryker, Susan. "Christopher Street Gay Liberation Day: 1970". PlanetOut. Archived from the original on 31 March 2008. Retrieved 28 June 2010.
  7. ^ a b "About Heritage Of Pride". Nyc Pride. Archived from the original on 2008-03-24. Retrieved 2013-12-03.
  8. ^ "Governor Cuomo Announces Commemoration of 50th Anniversary of Stonewall Rebellion in 2019". State of New York. June 25, 2017. Retrieved July 14, 2018.
  9. ^ "Governor Cuomo Announces Commemoration of 50th Anniversary of Stonewall Rebellion in 2019". State of New York. June 25, 2017. Retrieved November 4, 2018.
  10. ^ Sargeant, Fred. "1970: A First-Person Account of the First Gay Pride March." The Village Voice. June 22, 2010. retrieved January 3, 2011.
  11. ^ a b Carter, p. 230
  12. ^ Marotta, pp. 164–165
  13. ^ Teal, pp. 322–323
  14. ^ Duberman, pp. 255, 262, 270–280
  15. ^ Duberman, p. 227
  16. ^ Nagourney, Adam. "For Gays, a Party In Search of a Purpose; At 30, Parade Has Gone Mainstream As Movement's Goals Have Drifte." New York Times. June 25, 2000. retrieved January 3, 2011.
  17. ^ Carter, p. 247
  18. ^ Teal, p. 323
  19. ^ Duberman, p. 271
  20. ^ Duberman, p. 272
  21. ^ Duberman, p. 314 n93
  22. ^ https://libcom.org/library/brief-history-gay-liberation-front-1970-73
  23. ^ "Channel 13/WNET Out! 2007: Women In the Movement". Thirteen.org. Retrieved 2013-12-03.
  24. ^ The Gay Pride Issue: Picking Apart The Origin of Pride Archived February 7, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  25. ^ Dynes, Wayne R. Pride (trope), Homolexis Archived 2011-07-12 at the Wayback Machine
  26. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-02-14. Retrieved 2006-02-14.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  27. ^ a b Fosburgh, Lacey (June 29, 1970). "Thousands of Homosexuals Hold A Protest Rally in Central Park", The New York Times, p. 1.
  28. ^ Clendinen, p. 62–64.
  29. ^ LaFrank, Kathleen (ed.) (January 1999). "National Historic Landmark Nomination: Stonewall", U.S. Department of the Interior: National Park Service.
  30. ^ "NYC Pride March makes its way through streets of Manhattan". ABC7 New York. 2017-06-25. Retrieved 2018-04-29.
  31. ^ "New York City Pride March to be broadcast by TV network for first time". NBC News. Retrieved 2018-04-29.
  32. ^ "Herstory". NYC Dyke March. Retrieved 2019-05-18.
  33. ^ "Hundreds of Drag Queens Fill the NYC Streets Every Year for this Drag March". HuffPost. 2018-06-25. Retrieved 2019-05-18.
  34. ^ Maurer, Daniel (2018-06-25). "This Year's 'Magical, Strengthening' Drag March". Bedford + Bowery. Retrieved 2019-05-18.
  35. ^ "Two marches set to highlight New York City's Pride events". Washington Blade. 2019-05-15. Retrieved 2019-05-18.
  36. ^ "'Queer Liberation March' sets stage for dueling NYC gay pride events". NBC News. 2019-05-15. Retrieved 2019-05-18.
  37. ^ "The Cast of 'Pose' Named Grand Marshals of NYC Pride March". www.out.com. 2019-04-11. Retrieved 2019-04-14.
  38. ^ Zeigler, Cyd (2018-03-30). "Billie Jean King named New York City Pride Grand Marshal". Outsports. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
  39. ^ "NYC Pride March: This year's Grand Marshals announced". NBC News. Retrieved 2017-04-06.
  40. ^ "The March - NYC Pride". Retrieved 2016-06-27.
  41. ^ "From Brenda Howard to J. Christopher Neal: Bisexual Leaders and Pride". Human Rights Campaign. 2015-06-30. Retrieved 2019-05-18.
  42. ^ "Opinion: My late wife is thanking you, too". CNN.com. Retrieved 2013-12-03.
  43. ^ "Heritage of Pride announces Grand Marshals for the 43rd annual LGBT Pride March" (PDF). March 14, 2012.
  44. ^ "Judy Shepard to Make final official Pride Appearance & Serve as Grand Marshal of the 41st Annual NYC LGBT Pride March" (PDF). April 2011.
  45. ^ Bolcer, Julie (2010-04-13). "McMillen Named NYC Gay Pride Grand Marshal". Advocate.com. Retrieved 2013-12-03.
  46. ^ "Senator Charles Schumer Marches in NY Gay Pride Parade | PressPhoto International". Pressphotointernational.wordpress.com. 2008-06-29. Retrieved 2013-12-03.
  47. ^ Celebrating Gay Pride and Its Albany Friend

External linksEdit