Liga Deportiva Alajuelense
Liga Deportiva Alajuelense (LDA, Spanish pronunciation: [ˈliɣa ðepoɾˈtiβa alaxwe´lense]), commonly known as Alajuelense and nicknamed La Liga (Spanish pronunciation: [la ´liɣa]), is a Costa Rican multisport club based in the borough of El Llano, Alajuela province. Although they compete in a number of different sports, Alajuelense is mostly known for its association football team. It plays in the Primera División de Costa Rica, the top tier of the Costa Rican football league system. Alajuelense is one of two clubs to have never been relegated, along with Herediano.
|Full name||Liga Deportiva Alajuelense|
|Nickname(s)||Los Leones (The Lions)|
La Liga (The League)
|Founded||June 18, 1919|
|Ground||Estadio Alejandro Morera Soto|
|Head coach||Andrés Carevic|
|2019 Apertura||Liga FPD, 1st (runners-up)|
Alajuelense was founded on the former Paris Hall, west of Alajuela's Central Park, on June 18, 1919 by six former players of a historic city club, Once de Abril, with the intention of uniting all the sportsmen and associations present at that time in Alajuela under a single banner. However, it wouldn't be until 1928 when Alajuelense managed to become national champions for the first time in a season that saw the club's first star: Alejandro Morera. Morera, who would later go on to become Barcelona's main striker for two seasons, is regarded as one of the finest players Costa Rica has ever produced. He would later manage Alajuelense to their second national title in 1939 as well as two others in 1941 and 1945. Since then, Alajuelense has become one of the most supported football clubs in Costa Rica.
Alajuelense is one of the most successful teams in Costa Rica and Central America, having won 29 national championships. They have also won two CONCACAF Champions League titles and three Copa Interclubes UNCAF. Alajuelense was the first Costa Rican club to win an official international competition when they defeated Suranamese club Transvaal in the final series in 1986. Alajuelense has also participated in the Interamerican Cup, Copa Merconorte and Copa Sudamericana. In 1996, Alajuelense became the first club in the world to reach 100 points in any national league, finishing with a total of 102 points. This feat was repeated in 1998 and 2000 with 105 and 102 points gained, respectively.
Alajuelense plays its home matches at the Estadio Alejandro Morera Soto. Alajuelense's home kit is composed of red and black vertical striped shirts, with black shorts, accompanied by red or black socks. This combination has been used since the club's foundation. Puma are the kit manufacturers. Alajuelense holds many long-standing rivalries, most notably against Saprissa, Herediano and Cartaginés. It has contributed many key and famous players towards Costa Rica's FIFA World Cup squads such as José Carlos Chaves, Óscar Ramírez, Mauricio Montero, Wilmer López, Luis Marín, Johnny Acosta and Patrick Pemberton.
The team was created in 1919 when a group of friends that used to play in a team called the "Electra" at first and then "Once de Abril" (April the 11th) met at "Salon París". They wanted to give the city a team that could represent them at a national level. They played their first official game on August 2 of that same year against Cartaginés getting their first victory, 3–1.
Alajuelense was part of the 7 teams that built and formed the National League in Costa Rica, back in 1921, along with La Libertad, Gimnástica Española, Herediano, Cartaginés, CS Tres Rios de La Union, and Sociedad Gimnástica Limonense. They won their first championship in 1928. They are the only team to win the championship with a perfect record; in 1941 they won all 6 games. In 1960, the team made a tour around the world, leaving Costa Rica on September 17. In 78 days the team played 24 games, winning 12, losing 7 and the other 5 ended up tied. They scored 71 goals and received 47, with a remarkable performance from Juan Ulloa Ramírez, being the best player and top scorer of this tour.
Throughout their history, Liga Deportiva Alajuelense has generated a lot of great players and stunning performances. They are known as one of the best teams in the Central America area. Their best decade was the 1990s, during which they won 4 Championships and 4 sub-championships (runner up) as well. In addition to that, by the end of the 90's and the middle of the 2000s, they won a total of 5 local championships (4 of them in a row), 2 Copa Interclubes UNCAF Throphies and a CONCACAF Club Champions, being the base for the Costa Rican football team in the Korea and Japan 2002 FIFA World Cup, with 9 players.
By November 11, 2000 and after participating in the Copa Merconorte, Alajuelense was ranked in the 27th spot, based on IFFHS's Club World Ranking. It has been the best rank by the team and the best any other Central American club have reached.
The club struggled with some financial and administrative problems in the second part on the 2000s decade, so they decided to end contract with a lot of their regular and known players and started to build a team based on their younger divisions and make some structural changes. Nowadays the club is free of debts and with a team averaging 25-year-old players is still one of the best teams in the area and one of the teams with most fans in Costa Rica. On June 10, 2019 the club celebrated its 100th anniversary, being the second Costa Rican team to do so.
On July 20, 1966, due to a motion by the Municipality of Alajuela, the stadium was renamed in honor of Alejandro Morera, nicknamed El Mago del Balon, which means The magician of the ball. He was a notable former player of Alajuelense, Barcelona and Hércules, and for commercial purposes, in an agreement with the financial institution Scotiabank in 2011 it was added the name "Scotiabank".
The project to find a proper site for a permanent home started in 1938, when the director of the club, Carlos Bolaños, proposed that the club should purchase its own land. The land was purchased on October 7, 1940, but the terrain would not be football-ready until when the first game was played on January 18, 1942, when Alajuelense played against Cartaginés; the stadium only had a simple wooden stand that was previously used in the Estadio Nacional.
On September 27, 1949, a professor from a local high school named Armando Morux Sancho started what was called La marcha del ladrillo, meaning The March of Bricks in which every student would donate a brick to help build the walls and stands of the stadium. The first stands to be built were located in north, west and east around the pitch.
In 1979, the enlargement of the stadium was initiated with the project of building a second stand on top of the existing stand and adding an additional stand over the dressing and conference rooms (south) and also adding a roof to the stands located to the east and the south. The project was fully completed in 1984. The stadium was re-inaugurated that year along with the new illuminations, which were amongst the best illuminations systems at the time.
The team is now represented by a Lion dressed with the team uniform and wearing cleats as if he was going to play.
In every home game, the mascot comes out at the pitch before the game starts and plays on the field with fans, jokes with rival's fans, walk through the pitch with models giving away gifts from their sponsors and cheers the team with a huge team's flag. Before the game starts and during the half-time break, the Lion walks among the crowd and stands for pictures with the children.
The original mascot used to be a Mango, this because the team is located in Alajuela that is known as "La Ciudad de los Mangos" ("The Mangoes' City") because of the high amount of Mango Trees that could be located in the province due its weather, but later on in the early 80's, the mascot was changed into a Lion.
The Lion was chosen years ago because it represents four main attributes of the major king of the jungle, that are reflected on the team's vision and mission: Courage, Strength, Dynamism and Fidelity.
- Jersey supplier
|Jugados||1986 - 1996||Punto Rojo|
|Nike||1996 - 1998||Mutual Alajuela|
|Atletica||1998 - 2000|
|Jugados||2000 - 2007||LG|
|Puma||2008 - 2009|
|2010 - 2011||Sony|
|2012 - 2015||Movistar|
|Kelme||2018 – present||Toyota|
- Jersey sponsors
- Champions (29): 1928, 1939, 1941, 1945, 1949, 1950, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1966, 1970, 1971, 1980, 1983, 1984, 1991, 1992, 1995–96, 1996–97, 1999–00, 2000–01, 2001–02, 2002–03, 2004–05, Invierno 2010–11, Verano 2010–11, Invierno 2011–12, Invierno 2012–13. Invierno 2013–14.
- Runners-up (24): 1930, 1928, 1944, 1952, 1957, 1962, 1965, 1967, 1969, 1972, 1985, 1986, 1989, 1993–94, 1994–95, 1997–98, 1998–99, 2006–07, 2007–08, Invierno 2008–09 Verano 2014, Verano 2015, Invierno 2015, Verano 2016.
- Costa Rican Cup
- Champion (10): 1926, 1928, 1937, 1941, 1944, 1948, 1949, 1967, 1974, 1977.
- Runner-up (2): 1938, 1947.
- Costa Rican Super Cup
- Champion (1): 2012.
- Costa Rican Short Championships
- Champion (9): 1997-1998, 1999-2000, 2000-2001, 2002-2003, 1999-2000, 2000-2001, 2001-2002, 2002-2003, 2004-2005.
- Runner-up (4): 2006-2007,1997-1998, 2005-2006, 2006-2007.
- Friendly & other tournaments:
- 2012, 2013: Copa Ibérico, against Saprissa
- 2014, 2015: Super Clásico, against Saprissa
- 1944, 1945: Torneos Relámpagos Fútbol
- Runners-up (1): 1986
- Central American Champions
- Champion (2): 1988, 1992.
- Central American & Caribbean Champions
- Champion (1): 1961
- Friendly & other tournaments:
- As of 12 August 2020
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Current technical staffEdit
|Assistant manager||Por definir|
|Medical Doctor||Alfredo Gómez|
|Physical Therapist||Fabián Calvo|
|Props|| Walter Rodríguez|
Last updated: 31 December 2017
Source: LD Alajuelense
List of coachesEdit
|Vice president||Joseph Joseph|
|General Management||Carlos Flores|
Last updated: 8 December 2016
Source: L.D. Alajuense Management
- experiencia, Fanny Tayver Marín Graduada en la UIA Con más de 10 años de; Alajuelense, escribe sobre; ciclismo; Selección, ciclo olímpico y más Entre sus coberturas destacan juegos eliminatorios de la; Francia, el Tour de; Janeiro, el Mundial de voleibol en Japón y los Juegos Olímpicos en Río de. "Catorce diputados impulsan declarar a Alajuelense institución benemérita de la patria". La Nación, Grupo Nación (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-24.
- "DEPORTES". 2018-06-18. Archived from the original on 2018-06-18. Retrieved 2019-03-24.
- "DEPORTES". 2018-06-23. Archived from the original on 2018-06-23. Retrieved 2019-03-24.
- "DEPORTES". 2017-09-24. Archived from the original on 2017-09-24. Retrieved 2019-03-24.
- FIFA.com. "Bienvenidos al Centro de Noticias de FIFA.com - Alajuelense, ganador desde siempre - FIFA.com". www.fifa.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-24.
- "El fútbol manudo nació sobre cadáveres". 2017-09-21. Archived from the original on 2017-09-21. Retrieved 2019-03-24.
- www.diarioextra.com. "Diario Extra - La historia del 11 de Abril de Alajuela". www.diarioextra.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-24.
- "Cuando Alejandro Morera brilló en el FC Barcelona - Buzón de Rodrigo". Buzón de Rodrigo (in Spanish). 15 October 2018. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
- "Unbeaten during a League Season". www.rsssf.com. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
- "LDA - ¡FELIZ ANIVERSARIO LIGA!". lda.cr. Retrieved 2019-03-24.
- Deportivas del Trece (2015-06-22), El Zar se lo cuenta: Historia de Alajuela, retrieved 2019-03-24
- "LDA - Este viernes se cumplen 77 años de la inauguración de 'La Catedral'". lda.cr. Retrieved 2019-03-24.
- Goldberg, David (2011). "Estadio manudo ahora se llama Alejandro Morera Soto Scotiabank". La Nación. Archived from the original on September 27, 2012. Retrieved August 3, 2011.
- AS, Diario (2018-09-26). "Alajuela, el hogar de los 'Manudos'". AS USA (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-24.
- experiencia, Fanny Tayver Marín Graduada en la UIA Con más de 10 años de; Alajuelense, escribe sobre; ciclismo; Selección, ciclo olímpico y más Entre sus coberturas destacan juegos eliminatorios de la; Francia, el Tour de; Janeiro, el Mundial de voleibol en Japón y los Juegos Olímpicos en Río de. "Alajuelense está de fiesta: el estadio Alejandro Morera Soto cumple 75 años este miércoles". La Nación, Grupo Nación (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-24.
- Repretel (1969-12-31). "La historia del hombre detrás del León de la Liga". Repretel (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-24.
- "La mascota: León Manudo | Liga Deportiva Alajuelense". 2012-07-14. Archived from the original on 2012-07-14. Retrieved 2019-03-24.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 9, 2017. Retrieved July 23, 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- NB: tournament organised by Federación de Fútbol but not official
- Copa Argentor. http://www.rsssf.com/tablesc/cos28.html
- Copa Guatemala. http://www.rsssf.com/tablesc/cos28.html
- Trofeo Borsalino de la Federación Nacional de Fútbol. http://www.rsssf.com/tablesc/cos41.html
- Copa Gran Bretaña. http://www.rsssf.com/tablesc/cos44.html
- Copa Gran Bretana. http://www.rsssf.com/tablesc/cos48.html
- Copa Gran Bretana. http://www.rsssf.com/tablesc/cos49.html
- Torneo de Copa. http://www.rsssf.com/tablesc/cos77.html
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on January 12, 2016. Retrieved 2016-10-20.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Un histórico "Pato" Archived September 26, 2017, at the Wayback Machine – UNAFUT(in Spanish)
- "Equipo - Liga Deportiva Alajuelense". LD Alajuelense. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
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