L'oca del Cairo
L'oca del Cairo (The Goose of Cairo or The Cairo Goose, K. 422) is an incomplete Italian opera buffa in three acts, begun by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in July 1783 but abandoned in October. The complete libretto by Giovanni Battista Varesco remains. Mozart composed seven of the ten numbers of the first act, plus some recitative, as well a sketch for a further aria; the extant music amounts to about 45 minutes.
|L'oca del Cairo|
|Opera buffa fragment by W. A. Mozart|
The composer, drawing by Doris Stock, 1789
|Translation||The Goose of Cairo|
|Librettist||Giovanni Battista Varesco|
Mozart's correspondence shows he wanted to write a comic opera to a new text for the Italian company in Vienna. He had only just met Lorenzo Da Ponte, who would later pen the libretti for several of Mozart's most successful operas, but Da Ponte was not available, so Mozart turned to Giambattista Varesco, librettist for Mozart's earlier opera Idomeneo. Mozart's urgent need of a poet is attested by his willingness to work with someone, who in his opinion had "not the slightest knowledge or experience of the theatre". Eventually Mozart realized the hopelessness of the project and abandoned Varesco's libretto after six months because of its silly ending, a farcical travesty of the Trojan Horse legend.
The first stage performance was given on 6 June 1867 in Paris at the Théâtre des Fantaisies-Parisiennes in a 2-act French adaptation, L'oie du Caire, by the Belgian librettist Victor Wilder, who added a new conclusion, and a musical arrangement by the conductor, Charles Constantin, who orchestrated the music and added other pieces by Mozart to complete it.
Fragments from L'oca del Cairo, Lo sposo deluso, and Der Schauspieldirektor have been combined as Waiting for Figaro, performed in 2002 by the Bampton Classical Opera. In 1991, the Neuköllner Oper in Berlin performed a combined version of L'oca del Cairo and Lo sposo deluso as Die Gans von Kairo with a new libretto by Peter Lund and additional compositions by Winfried Radeke. Lund added three muses commenting on the absurdity of the plot, highlighting the librettist's arbitrariness and thus commenting on the historical events leading to the opera being left uncompleted.
(role names for the French stage premiere)
|Voice type||Premiere cast, 6 June 1867|
(Conductor: Charles Constantin)
|Don Pippo (Don Beltran)||bass||Géraizer|
|Donna Pantea (Jacinthe), his wife, believed to be dead||soprano||Mathilde|
|Celidora (Isabelle)||soprano||A. Arnaud|
|Calandrino, Donna Pantea's nephew, friend of Biondello and lover of Lavina||tenor|
|Lavina, Celidora's companion||soprano|
|Chichibio (Pascal) Don Pippo's major-domo, in love
Don Pippo, a Spanish Marquess, keeps his only daughter Celidora locked up in his tower. She is betrothed to Count Lionetto, but her true love is Biondello, a wealthy gentleman. Biondello makes a bet with the Marquis that if he can rescue Celidora from the tower within a year he wins her hand in marriage. He succeeds by having himself smuggled into the tower garden inside a large mechanical goose.
- "Ogni momento dicon le donne" – Chichibio, scene 1
- "Se fosse qui nascoso" – Auretta, scene 1
- "Siano pronte alle gran nozze" – Don Pippo, scene 3
- Rex Tremendus (Lo sposo deluso, L'oca del Cairo and other fragments by W. A. Mozart) with Ann Murray, Marianne Hamre, Graham Smith, Josef Wagner, Marisa Martins, Jeremy Ovenden, Matthias Klink, Silvia Moi, Miljenko Turk, Malin Hartelius and the Camerata Salzburg conducted by Michael Hofstetter. DVD of the live performance at the 2006 Salzburg Festival (Deutsche Grammophon 0734250)
- L'oca del Cairo / Lo sposo deluso, Felicity Palmer, Ileana Cotrubaș, Anthony Rolfe Johnson, Robert Tear, Clifford Grant; London Symphony Orchestra, Colin Davis, studio recording from 1991, volume 39 of The Complete Mozart Edition (Philips 028942253926)
- Cairns 2006, p. 102.
- Lecomte 1912, pp. 40–41; L'Oca del Cairo: history, opera.stanford.edu
- "Die Gans von Kairo (Peter Lund, Buch & Regie)". peterlund.de (in German). Retrieved 2020-04-25.
- Wilder 1867, p. 2; Lecomte 1912, pp. 40–41.
- A role omitted in the libretto for the French premiere.
- A role found in the libretto for the French premiere.
- ''L'oca del Cairo / Lo sposo deluso, cd Universe
- Cairns, David (2006). Mozart and his Operas. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 9780520228986.
- Lecomte, Louis-Henry (1912). Histoire des théâtres de Paris: Les Fantaisies-Parisiennes, l'Athénée Le Théâtre Scribe, l'Athénée-Comique (1865–1911). Paris: H. Daragon. Copy at the Internet Archive.
- Wilder, Victor (1867). L'oie du Caire, opéra-bouffe en deux actes, libretto. Paris: Librairie Internationale; Brussels: A. Lacroix, Verboeckhoven, & Ce. Copy at Gallica.