L'infedeltà delusa

L'infedeltà delusa (Deceit Outwitted), Hob. 28/5, is an operatic burletta per musica in two acts by Joseph Haydn.[1][2] The Italian libretto was by Marco Coltellini.

L'infedeltà delusa
burletta per musica by Joseph Haydn
Joseph Haydn.jpg
Haydn portrait by Thomas Hardy (1791)
TranslationDeceit Outwitted
LibrettistMarco Coltellini
26 July 1773 (1773-07-26)

Performance historyEdit

The earliest recorded performance, which may have been the premiere, was at Eszterháza (in modern Hungary) on 26 July 1773. This was the name day of the Dowager Princess Estaházy and this date is given in the printed libretto. It was revived for the visit of Empress Maria Theresa on 1 September 1773, and again on 1 July 1774. University of Kent in collaboration with Kent Opera staged the opera in English at the Gulbenkian Theatre in 1978, conducted by Harry Newstone and directed by Christopher Webber.[citation needed] In 2014, it was performed by New Chamber Opera at New College, Oxford.[3]


Roles, voice types, premiere cast
Role Voice type Premiere cast, July 26, 1773
Vespina, a spirited young woman, sister of Nanni, in love with Nencio soprano Maddalena Friberth
Nanni, a peasant, in love with Sandrina bass Christian Specht
Sandrina, a simple girl, in love with Nanni soprano Barbara Dichtler
Filippo, an old peasant, father of Sandrina tenor Carl Friberth
Nencio, a well-to-do farmer tenor Leopold Dichtler


The opera is set in the Tuscan countryside.

Act 1

Filippo, brother and sister Nanni and Vespina, and rich farmer Nencio admire the beauty of the summer evening. Filippo is concluding a deal with Nencio. Sandrina, Filippo's daughter enters, the others leave her alone with her father, who tells here that he has found her a husband. She protests that she loves only Nanni but Filippo dismisses the thought of her marrying a poor man. When Nanni arrives, Sandrina is sad, and torn between love for him and respect for her father. Nanni vows vengeance on Filippo and the man chosen to be Sandrina's husband.

In a room in Nanni and Vespina's house; Vespina sings of the pain of love but longs for its pleasures. She reveals that she is in love with Nencio, whose behaviour puzzles her. Nanni tells her that Nencio wishes to marry Sandrina and both swear vengeance.

Outside Filippo's house, Nencio sings a serenade to Sandrina. Vespina and Nanni eavesdrop on him as he asks Filippo to send Sandrina to him. Despite Sandrina's tears, Nencio says he will marry her come what may. Vespina enters and slaps him; Nencio and Filippo refuse to budge, Vespina and Nanni are furious while Sandrina laments her predicament.

Act 2

Vespina has disguised herself as an old woman, so that when Filippo and Sandrina come out of the house she will tell them that Nencio was secretly married but abandoned her daughter. Filippo, angry at Nencio's supposed duplicity hurls insults at him; Nencio, baffled by this, is next approached by Vespina this time disguised as a German servant who says that her master, a marquis will be taking Sandrina as his wife. Nencio thinks he now understands the reason for Filippo's anger, but Vespina reappears now as the Marquis de Ripafratta, saying that although he promised to marry Sandrina he wouldn't marry below his station and will therefore trick her into marrying one of his scullions. Nencio is pleased by the anticipated humiliation of Filippo and offers to be a witness. Vespina assures Nanni that her ruses will succeed.

Filippo is delighted by Sandrina's prospects as the wife of a marquis, but his daughter says that she wants love, not luxury. In her fourth disguise, Vespina enters as a notary accompanied by Nanni disguised as a servant and Nencio. A marriage contract is signed and witnessed, Filippo believing the bridegroom to be the marquis, Nencio thinking it the servant. When the disguises are thrown off, Sandrina is shown to be married to her beloved Nanni. Vespina confesses her tricks, Filippo accepts the outcome, and Vespina looks forward to wedding the chastened Nencio.


The opera is scored for two oboes, two bassoons, two horns, timpani, strings, continuo.


Antonio de Almeida recorded the opera with the Orchestra of the Haydn Foundation, Rome and Emilia Ravaglia, Elisabeth Speiser, Umberto Grilli, Giorgio Grimaldi, and Robert El Hage in January 1968. It was released on Le Chant du Monde and MHS (Musical Heritage Society).

Frigyes Sandor recorded the opera for Hungaroton in 1976, with the Budapest Franz Liszt Chamber Orchestra and Magda Kalmár [hu], Julia Paszthy, Istvan Rozsos, Attila Fulop and Jozsef Gregor.

Antal Doráti recorded the opera for Decca with the Lausanne Chamber Orchestra and Edith Mathis, Barbara Hendricks, Michael Devlin, and Claes-Håkan Ahnsjö in 1981.


  1. ^ Branscombe, Peter (1992). "Infedeltà delusa, L". In Sadie, Stanley (ed.). The New Grove Dictionary of Opera. London: Macmillan Reference. ISBN 0-333-73432-7.
  2. ^ "Franz Joseph Haydn – L'infedelta delusa (DHM) Box set". Retrieved 19 July 2014.
  3. ^ "Joseph Haydn: L'infedeltà delusa". UK: New Chamber Opera. 22 January 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014.

External linksEdit