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L'Haÿ-les-Roses (pronounced [la.i le ʁoz]) is a commune in the southern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 8.5 km (5.3 mi) from the centre of Paris. L'Haÿ-les-Roses is a sous-préfecture of the Val-de-Marne département, being the seat of the Arrondissement of L'Haÿ-les-Roses.
The Norman Pavillon at the Roseraie du Val-de-Marne
Paris and inner ring departments
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Vincent Jeanbrun|
|3.8 km2 (1.5 sq mi)|
|• Density||8,300/km2 (21,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||45–110 m (148–361 ft)|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
L'Haÿ-les-Roses owes the second part of its name to a famous rose garden located there.
The commune of L'Haÿ-les-Roses was originally called simply L'Haÿ. The name was recorded for the first time in a charter of Charlemagne in 798 as Laiacum, sometimes also spelt Lagiacum, meaning "estate of Lagius", a Gallo-Roman landowner. The name was later corrupted into Lay, Lahy, and eventually L'Haÿ.
In May 1914 the name of the commune became officially L'Haÿ-les-Roses (meaning "L'Haÿ the roses") in honour of Roseraie du Val-de-Marne, the renowned rose garden created in 1899 by Jules Gravereaux, one of the founders of the Bon Marché department store in Paris.
It is one of the very few French communes with a ÿ in its name.
Primary schools in the commune:
- Seven preschools: Blondeaux, La Roseraie, Garennes, Hardin Parisien, Lallier I, Lallier II, Vallée-aux-Renards
- Seven elementary schools: Blondeaux, Centre, Jardin Parisien A, Jardin Parisien B, Lallier A, Lallier B, Vallée-aux-Renards
Junior high schools: Collège Pierre de Ronsard and Collège Chevreul.
Senior high schools/sixth-form colleges are in surrounding municipalities:
- Arthur Bernède (1871–1937), playwright and novelist
- Michel Eugène Chevreul (1786–1889), chemist
- Marcelle Géniat (1881–1959), actress
- Pierre Gandon (1889–1990), illustrator and engraver of postage stamps.
- Jean-Marc Rouvière (1958), essayist
- Franck Lagorce (1968), automobile race driver
- Cecile Cinelu (1970), athlete
- Clémence Poésy (1982), actress
- Alaixys Romao (1984), footballer