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L'Anse (/ˈlɑːns/ LAHNSS) is a village in northwest Michigan, United States, and the county seat of Baraga County.[6][7][8] The population was 2,011 at the 2010 census. The village is located within L'Anse Township.[9]

L'Anse, Michigan
Downtown L'Anse at River and Main Street
Downtown L'Anse at River and Main Street
Location within Baraga County
Location within Baraga County
L'Anse is located in Michigan
L'Anse
L'Anse
Location within the state of Michigan
Coordinates: 46°45.4′N 88°27.2′W / 46.7567°N 88.4533°W / 46.7567; -88.4533Coordinates: 46°45.4′N 88°27.2′W / 46.7567°N 88.4533°W / 46.7567; -88.4533
CountryUnited States
StateMichigan
CountyBaraga
TownshipL'Anse
Area
 • Total2.55 sq mi (6.60 km2)
 • Land2.55 sq mi (6.59 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
620 ft (189 m)
Population
 • Total2,011
 • Estimate 
(2017)[3]
1,899
 • Density745.88/sq mi (287.96/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EST)
ZIP code
49946
Area code(s)906
FIPS code26-45540[4]
GNIS feature ID629897[5]
Websitevillageoflanse.org

This area was long occupied by people of the Lake Superior Band of Ojibwa (Chippewa).[8]

Much Later, French colonists had established a fur trading post here as a part of New France and a Jesuit mission, naming it L'Anse. In French, L'Anse translates as "the cove" or "the bay", a reference to its location in on the southern portion of L'Anse Bay, a portion of the larger Keweenaw Bay, at the base of the Keweenaw Peninsula. The modern-day village then grew up around this French trading post.[9][10][7]

Following treaties with the United States in the 19th century, the Ojibwa/Chippewa ceded extensive amounts of land in Michigan. The L'Anse Indian Reservation was established by the US here as the largest and the oldest in Michigan.[10]

In 1896, the village was completely burned to the ground by a deadly fire which left many homeless.[8][11]

Contents

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 2.53 square miles (6.55 km2), all of it land.[12]

AttractionsEdit

  • The L'Anse Waterfront Park on Baraga Avenue within the downtown area is a nice and scenic location to rest.[13][14]
  • The Falls River Falls in downtown L'Anse, is a very long series of cascading falls that spans the entire width of the Falls River.[15][16]

TransportationEdit

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
18801,014
1890655−35.4%
1900620−5.3%
191070814.2%
19201,01343.1%
19302,421139.0%
19402,5645.9%
19502,376−7.3%
19602,3970.9%
19702,5385.9%
19802,500−1.5%
19902,151−14.0%
20002,107−2.0%
20102,011−4.6%
Est. 20171,899[3]−5.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[18]

2010 censusEdit

At the 2010 census,[2] there were 2,011 people, 874 households and 502 families residing in the village. The population density was 794.9 inhabitants per square mile (306.9/km2). There were 988 housing units at an average density of 390.5 per square mile (150.8/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 88.7% White, 1.4% African American, 5.0% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 4.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.9% of the population.

There were 874 households of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.0% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.6% were non-families. 37.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.82.

The median age was 41.7 years. 22.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.3% were from 25 to 44; 24.1% were from 45 to 64; and 21.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 47.6% male and 52.4% female.

2000 censusEdit

At the 2000 census,[4] there were 2,107 people, 894 households and 540 families residing in the village. The population density was 821.9 per square mile (317.8/km²). There were 981 housing units at an average density of 382.7 per square mile (148.0/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 91.22% White, 0.09% African American, 5.55% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, and 2.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.57% of the population. 27.9% were of Finnish, 11.6% German, 9.4% French, 7.5% Norwegian, 5.9% French Canadian and 5.1% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 894 households of which 25.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.5% were non-families. 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.86.

21.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 21.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.3 males.

The median household income was $31,406 and the median family income was $38,984. Males had a median income of $31,583 and females $20,929. The per capita income was $15,857. About 6.6% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.6% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over.

ImagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jan 3, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 25, 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: L'Anse, Michigan
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  7. ^ a b c Monette, Clarence J. (1975). Some Copper Country Names and Places. Lake Linden, Michigan. ISBN 0-942363-04-3.
  8. ^ a b c The History of L'Anse Township by the American History Class of L'Anse High School. L'Anse, Michigan: L'Anse Sentinel. 1922.
  9. ^ a b Lake Superior: The Ultimate Guide to the Region. Duluth, Minnesota: Lake Superior Port Cities Inc. 2014. ISBN 978-1-938229-17-6.
  10. ^ a b hostmaster (2016-11-16). "L'Anse". Michigan. Retrieved 2019-05-01.
  11. ^ "L'Anse, Michigan". www.baragacountyhistoricalmuseum.com. Retrieved 2019-05-01.
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved November 25, 2012.
  13. ^ "L'Anse Waterfront Park". Baraga County. Retrieved 2019-05-05.
  14. ^ "L'Anse Waterfront Park - 2019 All You Need to Know BEFORE You Go (with Photos)". TripAdvisor. Retrieved 2019-05-05.
  15. ^ "Falls River Falls". gowaterfalling.com. Retrieved 2019-05-05.
  16. ^ Kretovic, Greg (2018). Waterfalls of Michigan: A Guide to More Than 130 Waterfalls in the Great Lakes State. Cambridge, Minnesota: Adventure Publications. ISBN 978-1-59193-771-5.
  17. ^ "HANCOCK-MARQUETTE-GREEN BAY-MILWAUKEE" (PDF). Indian Trails. January 12, 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 22, 2014. Retrieved February 27, 2013.
  18. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.

Further readingEdit

  • Baragaland Bicentennial 1776-1976. Baraga, Michigan: The Lumberjacks. 1976.
  • 100 Years of History: L'Anse/Skanee Centennial. Ishpeming, Michigan: Baraga County Historical Society Pageant Division. 1971.

External linksEdit