Kyle Broflovski

Kyle Broflovski[a] is one of the four main characters in animated television series South Park. He is voiced by and loosely based on co-creator Matt Stone. Kyle is one of the series' four central characters, along with his friends Stan Marsh, Kenny McCormick, and Eric Cartman. He debuted on television when South Park first aired on August 13, 1997, after having first appeared in The Spirit of Christmas shorts created by Stone and long-time collaborator Trey Parker in 1992 (Jesus vs. Frosty) and 1995 (Jesus vs. Santa).

Kyle Broflovski
South Park character
KyleBroflovski.png
First appearance
Created by
Based onMatt Stone
Voiced byMatt Stone
In-universe information
GenderMale
OccupationStudent
FamilyGerald Broflovski (father)
Sheila Broflovski (mother)
Ike Broflovski (adopted brother)
RelativesCleo Broflovski (maternal grandmother)
Murrey Broflovski (uncle)
Kyle Schwartz (cousin)
ReligionRegularly Jewish, formerly Blaintologist, Roman Catholic and Atheism

Kyle is an elementary school student who commonly has extraordinary experiences not typical of conventional small-town life in his fictional hometown of South Park, Colorado. Kyle is distinctive as one of the few Jewish children on the show, and because of this, he often feels like an outsider amongst the core group of characters. His portrayal in this role is often dealt with satirically, and has elicited both praise and criticism from Jewish viewers.

Like the other South Park characters, Kyle is animated by computer in a way to emulate the show's original method of cutout animation. He also appears in the 1999 full-length feature film South Park: Bigger, Longer & Uncut, as well as South Park-related media and merchandise. While Parker and Stone portray Kyle as having common childlike tendencies, his dialogue is often intended to reflect stances and views on more adult-oriented issues, and has been cited in numerous publications by experts in the fields of politics, religion, popular culture, and philosophy.

Role in South ParkEdit

Kyle attends South Park Elementary as part of Mr. Garrison's class. During the show's first 58 episodes, Kyle and the other students were in the third grade following which they have been in the fourth grade. He lives in South Park with his father Gerald, a lawyer, and his overprotective mother Sheila, a housewife who fits the mold of a Jewish mother stereotype.[1] Gerald and Sheila have been referred to have Polish and Russian Jewish background,[2] and they mutually share a strong devotion to their Jewish religion, while expressing deep concern during the multiple times Kyle's faith in Judaism becomes enervated. Kyle has a younger brother named Ike, who Kyle learns was adopted and originally from Canada in the episode "Ike's Wee Wee".

Gerald often attempts to teach Kyle important morals. Although his mother's outspoken, manipulative nature usually overwhelms Kyle, he tends to show that he truly loves her, and takes offense to any insult Cartman may offer about her.[3] Although he engages in the reckless act of punting Ike like a football, Kyle shows concern for his brother's well-being. He was initially reluctant to embrace Ike as his brother upon learning that Ike was adopted, but Ike's genuine affection for his older brother persuaded Kyle to love him in return, and regard him as "true family".[4]

Kyle is modeled after Stone, while Stan is modeled after Parker. Kyle and Stan are best friends, and their relationship, which is supposed to reflect the real-life friendship between Parker and Stone,[5] is a common topic throughout the series. The two do have their disagreements, but always reconcile without any long-term damage to their friendship. The show's official website defines Kyle's role amongst his friends as "the smart one".[6] He often provides a sober thought to plans or ideas made by the other boys, and explains a moral outlook while drawing upon his vast knowledge and intelligence.[4][7] He tends to offer reasonable or scientific explanations both to situations most others view as supernatural in nature, and in opposition of propaganda dispensed by Cartman.[4]

Several episodes focus on Kyle and his religion,[8] and being the lone Jew has resulted in an enmity with the Antisemitic Cartman that has become significantly more pronounced as the series progresses.[9] Parker and Stone have compared the relationship to the one shared by Archie Bunker and Michael Stivic on the 1970s sitcom All in the Family.[9] Kyle makes cracks at Cartman's weight and is horrified and disgusted with Cartman's immorality, cruelty, bigotry, and greed. Their rivalry often elevates to the point where Kyle becomes so obsessed with beating Cartman at whatever he does, he sometimes neglects Stan and Kenny in the process.[9] He has a tendency to make what he thinks are safe bets with Cartman, often losing these bets when the improbable actions promised by Cartman are accomplished.[9] Though he has claimed Kenny was not his friend, in order to avoid having to spend the night at his poverty-stricken household,[10] Kyle has professed a friendship with Kenny and shown genuine concern for Kenny's health and safety. Kyle normally has the angrier reaction of yelling, "You bastards!" following Stan's exclamation of the popular catchphrase, "Oh my God, they killed Kenny" after one of Kenny's trademark deaths.[5]

Near the end of the production run of the show's fifth season (2001), Parker and Stone contemplated having an episode in which Kyle was killed off.[11] The reasoning behind the idea was to genuinely surprise fans, and to allow an opportunity to provide a major role for Butters Stotch, a breakout character whose popularity was growing with the viewers and creators of the show.[11] Parker and Stone initially chose Kyle because they deemed him as being too similar to Stan, in terms of personality. Instead, the character of Kenny was chosen, and he was seemingly killed off for good in the episode "Kenny Dies". The duo claimed they grew tired of upholding the tradition of having Kenny die in each episode, and regarded the character as a "prop".[12] Nevertheless, Kenny returned from a year-long absence in the season six (2002) finale "Red Sleigh Down", and has remained a main character ever since.

In many episodes, Kyle draws upon his sense of social purpose and moral outrage,[4][7] and reflects on the lessons he has learned during the course of an episode, with a speech that often begins "You know, I learned something today...". Kyle acknowledged this trend in the season five (2001) episode "Cartmanland" when he states that he often gives the speech each week in an attempt to "try and better myself", and again in the season seven (2003) episode "Butt Out" where he repeatedly reminds his friends that they continuously allow potentially riotous events to occur, and are only able to defuse the situation by giving such a speech to the gathered townsfolk.

Kyle's mother reveals in the episode "Cherokee Hair Tampons" that Kyle is diabetic and had to get a kidney transplant. His diabetes could explain why he gets sick more often than his classmates.

CharacterEdit

Creation and designEdit

 
Kyle's hair, which is usually hidden underneath his hat

An unnamed precursor to Kyle first appeared in the first The Spirit of Christmas short, dubbed Jesus vs. Frosty, created by Parker and Stone in 1992 while they were students at the University of Colorado. The character was composed of construction paper cutouts and animated using stop motion.[13] When asked three years later by friend Brian Graden to create another short as a video Christmas card that he could send to friends, Parker and Stone created another similarly-animated The Spirit of Christmas short, dubbed Jesus vs. Santa.[14] In this short, which was the first appearance of Kyle styled as he is in the series, he is given his first name. When developing the character, Parker recalled there being only one Jewish student in his entire hometown of Conifer, Colorado, and described her as being "the token Jewish person".[8] Stone, himself Jewish, also recalled his own experiences as a youth in a predominantly Christian neighborhood, and both he and Parker decided to incorporate these aspects into the character. Kyle next appeared on August 13, 1997, when South Park debuted on Comedy Central with the episode "Cartman Gets an Anal Probe".

From the show's second episode, "Weight Gain 4000" (season one, 1997), Kyle, like all other characters on the show, has been animated using computer software, though he is presented to give the impression that the show still utilizes its original technique.[13] In keeping with the show's animation style, Kyle is composed of simple geometrical shapes.[13][15] He is not offered the same free range of motion associated with hand-drawn characters; his character is generally shown from only one angle, and his movements are animated in an intentionally jerky fashion.[9][13][15]

Kyle is usually depicted wearing winter attire that consists of a bright green ushanka, a bright orange jacket, dark green jeans, and lime-green mittens/gloves. The rare instances in which he is shown without his cap, he has a bright red-to-auburn Jewfro. His hat and hairstyle were influenced by those of James Humphrey, a character whom Matt Stone portrayed in the 1993 film Cannibal! The Musical.[16][clarification needed] Stone cited that he came up with the voice of Kyle while he and Parker were in film class, where they would speak in high-pitched childish voices that would often get them into trouble.[17][18] While he originally voiced Kyle without computer manipulation, Stone now does so by speaking within his normal vocal range and then adding a childlike inflection.[clarification needed] The recorded audio is edited with Pro Tools, and the pitch altered to make the voice sound more like that of a fourth grader.[19][20]

Personality and traitsEdit

 
Kyle is modeled after his voice actor, series co-creator Matt Stone.

Like his friends, Kyle is foul-mouthed as a means for Parker and Stone to display how they claim young boys really talk when they are alone.[15][21] Parker notes that while Kyle is sometimes cynical and profane, there is an "underlying sweetness" to the character,[22] and Time described Kyle and his friends as "sometimes cruel but with a core of innocence".[5] He is amused by bodily functions and toilet humor,[5] and his favorite television personalities are Terrance and Phillip, a Canadian duo whose comedy routines on their show-within-the-show revolve substantially around fart jokes.

Kyle often displays the highest moral standard of all the boys and is usually depicted as the most intelligent.[4] When describing Kyle, Stone states that both he and the character are "reactionary", and susceptible to irritability and impatience.[8] In some instances, Kyle is the only child in his class to not initially indulge in a fad or fall victim to a ploy. This has resulted in both his eagerness to fit in, and his resentment and frustration.[4][23]

As a Jew, Kyle often defends and shows pride in his religion and ancestry.[8] He is nevertheless lonely in this regard, particularly around Christmas time, though he takes solace in anticipating the annual appearance of Mr. Hankey, an anthropomorphic piece of feces who emerges from the sewer to spread Christmas cheer.[24]

A recurring plot element is the depiction of Kyle as insecure about Jewish traditions and beliefs.[8][25] Already regarding God as cruel for allowing him to suffer from a life-threatening hemorrhoid while Cartman enjoys a million-dollar inheritance, Kyle became further appalled after being read the story of Job.[26] He also once feared damnation for not having grown up as a Catholic.[27] During both instances, he renounced his affiliation with Judaism, only to have his faith restored by events occurring at the end of an episode. After watching The Passion of the Christ, a shameful Kyle suddenly felt that Cartman's anti-Semitism was justified, and suggested to angry members of his synagogue that the Jews apologize for the death of Jesus.[3][28] Kyle's guilt is quickly alleviated when he encounters Mel Gibson, the film's director, and perceives him to be nothing more than a deranged masochist.[28]

Kyle has a first cousin also named Kyle, whom he resents for being the embodiment of Jewish stereotypes and causing Kyle to question whether or not he was a self-hating Jew.[29] Kyle is hopelessly inept at choreographed dancing; in the eyes of Cartman, he perpetuated the stereotype that "Jews have no rhythm".[30] His birthday is May 26, the same day as Stone.[31] Kyle was conceived in New Jersey.

Cultural impactEdit

Kyle's depiction on the show has drawn both praise and criticism from the Jewish community.[32] Detractors of the character cite his own habit of eschewing common Jewish practices and reiterating negative stereotypes for comedic purposes.[27][32] Supportive Jewish viewers commend the show for using Kyle to accurately portray what it is like for a young Jew to have to endure loneliness and bigotry as an ethnic and religious minority.[32] One of the show's more popular episodes, "The Passion of the Jew" (season eight, 2004), deals largely with Kyle's religious anxiety.[3] The episode was independently released on DVD along with two other religion-themed episodes from the series.[28]

Over the seasons Kyle has addressed topics such as brotherhood,[4] excessive litigation,[33] hate crime legislation,[34] civil liberties,[35] profanity in television,[36] hybrid vehicle ownership,[37] and the economy.[38] In the season 10 (2006) episode "Cartoon Wars Part II", Kyle expresses his opinions on censorship,[39] and iterates Parker and Stone's sentiments on the topic by telling a television executive "Either it's all okay, or none of it is" in regard to whether any subject should remain off-limits to satire.[40] To Parker and Stone's disappointment, the episode received more attention for its criticism of the show Family Guy than it did for Kyle's proclamation.[39]

Kyle's opinions have been the subject of much critical analysis in the media and literary world. The book South Park and Philosophy: You Know, I Learned Something Today includes an essay in which Bridgewater State College philosophy professor William J. Devlin references the teachings of Socrates and Friedrich Nietzsche when describing Kyle's role in the show.[41] Essays in the books South Park and Philosophy: Bigger, Longer, and More Penetrating, Blame Canada! South Park and Contemporary Culture, and Taking South Park Seriously have also analyzed Kyle's perspectives within the framework of popular philosophical, theological, and political concepts.[42][43][44]

In other mediaEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Kyle's last name has also been spelled Broslovski, Broslofski, Brovlofski, and Broflofski.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Stephen Holden (June 30, 1999). "Making A Point With Smut And Laughs". The New York Times. Retrieved May 5, 2009.
  2. ^ Trey Parker and Matt Stone (December 3, 2003). "Butt Out". South Park. Season 7. Episode 713. Comedy Central.
  3. ^ a b c Virginia Heffernan (April 28, 2004). "What? Morals in 'South Park'?". The New York Times. Retrieved July 8, 2008.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Arp and Devlin, pp. 87–94
  5. ^ a b c d Jeffrey Ressner; James Collins (March 23, 1998). "Gross And Grosser". Time. Archived from the original on August 21, 2009. Retrieved April 28, 2009.
  6. ^ "Kyle Broflovski". South Park Studios. Retrieved January 24, 2009.
  7. ^ a b Alex Strachan (November 7, 2008). "Life in South Park never changes". Canwest Publishing, Inc. Archived from the original on August 26, 2012. Retrieved May 3, 2009.
  8. ^ a b c d e Raphael, Rebecca (May 22, 1998). "Who is Kyle Broslofski?". New Voices. Archived from the original on August 15, 2012. Retrieved February 4, 2009.
  9. ^ a b c d e Jaime J. Weinman (March 12, 2008). "South Park grows up". Macleans.ca. Archived from the original on August 2, 2009. Retrieved April 30, 2008.
  10. ^ Trey Parker and Matt Stone (August 26, 1998). "Chickenpox". South Park. Season 2. Episode 210. Comedy Central.
  11. ^ a b Trey Parker, Matt Stone (2003). "South Park" – The Complete Fifth Season (DVD). Comedy Central. Mini-commentary for episode "Kenny Dies"
  12. ^ Don Kaplan (April 8, 2002). "South Park Won't Kill Kenny Anymore". New York Post. Retrieved May 5, 2009.
  13. ^ a b c d Matt Cheplic (May 1, 1998). "'As Crappy As Possible': The Method Behind the Madness of South Park". Penton Media. Archived from the original on March 29, 2009. Retrieved April 28, 2009.
  14. ^ "Brian Graden's Bio". VH1. Archived from the original on January 20, 2008. Retrieved January 10, 2008.
  15. ^ a b c Abbie Bernstein (October 27, 1998). "South Park – Volume 2". AVRev.com. Archived from the original on July 18, 2009. Retrieved April 30, 2008.
  16. ^ "CannibalTheMusical.Net". www.cannibalthemusical.net. Retrieved April 6, 2021.
  17. ^ "Making Fun Of Everyone On 'South Park'". www.wbur.org. Retrieved April 6, 2021.
  18. ^ South Park - Season 24 - TV Series | South Park Studios US, retrieved April 6, 2021
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  22. ^ Frazier Moore (December 14, 2006). "Loud and lewd but sweet underneath". The Age. Retrieved May 9, 2009.
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  25. ^ Melanie McFarland (October 2, 2006). "Social satire keeps 'South Park' fans coming back for a gasp, and a laugh". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved May 12, 2009.
  26. ^ Arp and Jacoby, pp. 58–65
  27. ^ a b Arp and Murtaugh, pp. 29–39
  28. ^ a b c Wills, Adam (September 10, 2004). "Jesus vs. Kyle". The Jewish Journal. Retrieved May 2, 2009.
  29. ^ Trey Parker, Matt Stone (2003). "South Park" – The Complete Fifth Season (DVD). Comedy Central. Mini-commentary for episode "The Entity"
  30. ^ Trey Parker and Matt Stone (April 7, 1999). "Rainforest Shmainforest". South Park. Season 3. Episode 301. Comedy Central.
  31. ^ "You Have 0 Friends". South Park. April 7, 2010. Comedy Central.
  32. ^ a b c Robert Bolton (July 23, 1998). "The Media Report: South Park". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on March 11, 2005. Retrieved May 5, 2009.
  33. ^ William Cohen (November 4, 2005). "Respect Its Authoritah!". The Cornell American. Archived from the original on January 29, 2010. Retrieved May 5, 2009.
  34. ^ Frank Rich (May 1, 2005). "Conservatives 'South Park'". The New York Times. Retrieved May 3, 2009.
  35. ^ Brian C. Anderson (2003). "We're Not Losing the Culture Wars Anymore". Manhattan Institute. Retrieved May 3, 2009.
  36. ^ Amber Conrad (June 3, 2008). "25 Things I Learned About Business from "South Park"". InsideCRM. Archived from the original on March 18, 2009. Retrieved May 5, 2009.
  37. ^ Dan Lienert (July 5, 2006). "Greenest Machines". Forbes. Retrieved May 5, 2009.
  38. ^ Ken Tucker (March 25, 2009). ""South Park" solves the economic crisis". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 5, 2009.
  39. ^ a b Jaime J. Weinman (March 12, 2008). "South Park grows up". Macleans.ca. Archived from the original on July 19, 2009. Retrieved May 5, 2009.
  40. ^ Thomas H. Maugh II (April 14, 2006). "South Park duo criticise network". BBC News. Retrieved May 3, 2009.
  41. ^ South Park and Philosophy: You Know, I Learned Something Today Archived September 1, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Blackwell Publishing, Series: The Blackwell Philosophy and Pop Culture Series, Retrieved January 21, 2008.
  42. ^ Fallows and Weinstock, p. 165
  43. ^ Hanley, Richard (Editor) (March 8, 2007). South Park and Philosophy: Bigger, Longer, and More Penetrating. Open Court. ISBN 978-0-8126-9613-4.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  44. ^ Johnson-Woods, Toni (January 30, 2007). Blame Canada! South Park and Contemporary Culture. Continuum International Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-8264-1731-2.
  45. ^ Pulver, Andrew (August 27, 1999). "South Park: Bigger, Longer and Uncut". guardian.co.uk. Retrieved July 24, 2009.
  46. ^ "Various – Music From And Inspired By The Motion Picture South Park: Bigger, Longer & Uncut". www.discogs.com. Retrieved July 24, 2009.
  47. ^ "News – Pythons cut train crash from funny show". www.iol.co.za. Retrieved August 1, 2009.
  48. ^ "HBO Documentary Films: The Aristocrats". HBO. Retrieved March 27, 2009.
  49. ^ Ortega, Tony (September 27, 2001). "Sympathy For The Devil: Tory Bezazian was a veteran Scientologist who loved going after church critics. Until she met the darkest detractor of all". New Times Los Angeles.
  50. ^ Trey Parker, Matt Stone (2000). The Gauntlet (Television special). MTV, Comedy Central. Short that aired during the 2000 MTV Movie Awards
  51. ^ Browne, David (January 8, 1999). "Shower Hooks". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved July 24, 2009.
  52. ^ Nazareth, Errol. "'Chef' Hayes cooks crazy stew". jam.canoe.ca. Archived from the original on September 16, 2012. Retrieved July 24, 2009.
  53. ^ Moorhead, M.V. (December 23, 1999). "Mr. Hankey's Christmas Classics". Phoenix New Times. Retrieved July 24, 2009.
  54. ^ Baker, Christopher Michael. "South Park – Overview". Allgame. Retrieved July 16, 2009.
  55. ^ "Review: South Park: Chef's Luv Shack". ComputerAndVideoGames.com. Archived from the original on March 30, 2007. Retrieved July 19, 2009.
  56. ^ "South Park: Chef's Luv Shack Review". Gamespot.com. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
  57. ^ "South Park Rally Preview". IGN. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved July 19, 2009.
  58. ^ Brudvig, Erik (October 6, 2009). "South Park Let's Go Tower Defense Play Review". IGN Entertainment. Archived from the original on October 10, 2009. Retrieved October 10, 2009.
  • Arp, Robert (Editor); Devlin, William J.; Jacoby, Henry; Murtaugh, Kevin J. (2006). South Park and Philosophy: You Know, I Learned Something Today. Blackwell Publishing (The Blackwell Philosophy & Pop Culture Series). ISBN 978-1-4051-6160-2.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  • Weinstock, Jeffrey Andrew (Editor); Fallows, Randall; Rennie, James (2008). Taking South Park Seriously. SUNY Press. ISBN 978-0-7914-7566-9.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)

External linksEdit