Kyjov (Czech pronunciation: [ˈkɪjof]; Latin: Gaya, German: Gaya or Geyen) is a town in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic. It has around 11,000 inhabitants.

Kyjov
Town
Town hall
Town hall
Flag of Kyjov
Flag
Coat of arms of Kyjov
Coat of arms
Kyjov is located in Czech Republic
Kyjov
Kyjov
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°0′36″N 17°7′23″E / 49.01000°N 17.12306°E / 49.01000; 17.12306Coordinates: 49°0′36″N 17°7′23″E / 49.01000°N 17.12306°E / 49.01000; 17.12306
Country Czech Republic
RegionSouth Moravian
DistrictHodonín
First mentioned1126
Government
 • MayorFrantišek Lukl
Area
 • Total29.88 km2 (11.54 sq mi)
Elevation
192 m (630 ft)
Population
 (2020-01-01[1])
 • Total11,185
 • Density370/km2 (970/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
697 01
Websitewww.mestokyjov.cz
Church of the Assumption of Virgin Mary

Administrative partsEdit

The villages Bohuslavice, Boršov and Nětčice are administrative parts of Kyjov.

HistoryEdit

 
Kyjov 1727

The first mention of the village is from 1126 as a local trading centre. The town endured fires, plagues and sieges from the Ottoman Empire in the Middle Ages. During the Hussite wars the town leaned to Utraquism. It was under the rule of the Olomouc monastery until 1548, when the town achieved recognition as a King's town.

Until 1918, Gaya in Mähren – Kyjov (previously Gaya or Gaia) was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), head of the district with the same name, one of the 34 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Moravia.[2]

CultureEdit

Kyjov is a centre of regional folklore. Slovácký Rok (Moravian Slovakian Year Festival), the oldest Moravian folklore festival, has taken place here since 1921.

Kyjov participated and won silver in the 2008 Entente Florale.[3][4]

Notable peopleEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Kyjov is twinned with:[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 30 April 2020.
  2. ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm Klein, 1967
  3. ^ "Download CZ-Kyjov-Web.pdf Free download from www.entente-florae.eu". Archived from the original on 23 January 2013. Retrieved 24 May 2012.
  4. ^ "Kyjov: Entente florale se dostává do povědomí veřejnosti". Retrieved 25 May 2012.
  5. ^ "Partnerská města Kyjova". mestokyjov.cz (in Czech). Město Kyjov. Retrieved 15 September 2020.

External linksEdit