Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany)

Igor Sikorsky Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany) (Ukrainian: Міжнародний аеропорт «Київ» імені Ігоря Сікорського (Жуляни)) (IATA: IEV, ICAO: UKKK) is one of the two passenger airports of the Ukrainian capital Kyiv, the other being Boryspil International Airport. It is owned by the municipality of Kyiv and located in the Zhuliany neighbourhood, about 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) southwest of the city centre.

Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany)

Міжнародний аеропорт «Київ» (Жуляни)
Kyiv International Airport Logo.gif
Міжнародний аеропорт "Київ" (Жуляни).jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic / Military
OwnerCity of Kyiv/Govt. of Ukraine
ServesKyiv, Ukraine
LocationZhuliany
Opened1924
Focus city forWizz Air[2]
Elevation AMSL179 m / 587 ft
Coordinates50°24′06″N 30°27′06″E / 50.40167°N 30.45167°E / 50.40167; 30.45167Coordinates: 50°24′06″N 30°27′06″E / 50.40167°N 30.45167°E / 50.40167; 30.45167
Websiteiev.aero
Map
IEV is located in Kyiv Oblast
IEV
IEV
Location in Kyiv Oblast
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
08/26 2,310 7,579 Asphalt
Statistics (2019)
PassengersDecrease 2,617,900[3]
FlightsIncrease 30,248

Aside from facilitating regular passenger flights, Kyiv International Airport is also the main business aviation airport in Ukraine, and one of the busiest business aviation hubs in Europe.[4]

HistoryEdit

Early yearsEdit

The airport is known since 1923 as a military airfield that was co-used by the "Ukrpovitroshlyakh" ("Ukrainian Society of Air Communications") which in 1934 was completely integrated into Aeroflot as the latter's regional administration. The airport terminal was built only after World War II in 1949. Until the 1960s, Zhuliany was the only passenger airport serving Kyiv.[citation needed]

In 1959, the larger Boryspil International Airport was built near the city of Boryspil, gradually replacing Zhuliany as the main airport serving Kyiv. Since that time the old "Kyiv" airport became commonly known just as "Zhuliany" (or Kyiv-Zhuliany) and was used for Soviet domestic flights only.[citation needed]

International flights and traffic revivalEdit

After Ukraine gained independence in 1991, "Kyiv" airport began receiving international flights from nearby countries (first from its former Soviet "domestic" destinations), increasingly so since the 2000s when Ukraine's civil aviation started booming. On 27 March 2011, Wizz Air, the locally-pioneering low cost airline, moved all its operations to "Zhuliany" from the Boryspil Airport,[5] – starting the new era of around-the-clock flights at the airport and increasing the passenger traffic by 15 to 20%.

In 2012, the airport managed to survive the European cold wave without major flight delays or cancellations.[6]

Surrounded by major railways, highways and residential districts, the airport has limited possibilities to expand its runway. Therefore, it is limited in the weight of aircraft that are allowed to fly in the airport (currently up to Boeing 737/Airbus A320 type). In 2013, the airport declared plans to expand the runway for additional 150 m, although stressing complete safety and operability of its current length.[7] Other parts of the airport infrastructure are also being developed. The new "A" terminal opened on 17 May 2012,[8][9] now receives all international and some domestic flights. Projects for expanding Zhuliany's taxiways and aircraft parking lots considered as well.[citation needed]

Recent developmentsEdit

In the first half of 2013, the airport's passenger traffic rose 2.7-fold (to 816,757 passengers per year) since the beginning of the year, including 4.2-fold growth of the domestic traffic.[10] According to the media and industry experts, once underdog Zhuliany Airport has rapidly grown into a major, and more efficient, competitor to the country's leading Boryspil Airport.[11]

As of July 2013, Moscow, Treviso and Dortmund were the most popular international destinations from the airport, with Simferopol, Donetsk and Odessa leading among domestic destinations.[10] Also in 2013, the airport opened a new domestic terminal and a new business terminal,[12] with currently 3 terminals in service.

In March 2015, Wizz Air Ukraine announced that it would cease operations leading to the cancellation of several routes from their base at the airport. Only some of their former routes were taken over by its parent, Wizz Air,[13] though the airlines has since expanded its flight network from the airport, with twenty destinations to be served by August 2017.[citation needed]

Between 14 and 24 May 2017, the airport was closed for runway improvement work.[14]

On 22 March 2018, the Kyiv City Council officially renamed the airport International Airport "Kyiv" (Zhulyany) Igor Sikorsky in honor of Igor Sikorsky.[15][16] Nevertheless, the airport continued to be referred to as Zhuliany.[17]

Airlines and destinationsEdit

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany):[18]

AirlinesDestinations
Air Alanna Seasonal charter: Tirana,[19] Tivat[20]
Alitalia Rome–Fiumicino[21]
Belavia Minsk
Buta Airways Baku
Ellinair Seasonal: Corfu,[22] Heraklion,[22] Thessaloniki,[22] Zakynthos[22]
Jordan Aviation Amman–Queen Alia[23]
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Motor Sich Airlines Zaporizhia
Pegasus Airlines Seasonal: Dalaman[24]
Vueling Seasonal: Barcelona
Wizz Air Athens,[25] Berlin–Schönefeld, Billund, Bologna (begins 29 March 2021),[26] Bratislava, Budapest, Catania (begins 29 March 2021),[27] Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Dortmund,[28] Gdańsk, Hamburg, Hannover, Katowice, Kraków,[29] Larnaca, Lisbon,[30][31] London–Luton, Memmingen, Milan–Malpensa (begins 28 March 2021),[32] Naples ,[33] Nuremberg,[34] Pardubice,[35] Poznań, Riga, Rome–Fiumicino (begins 28 March 2021),[36] Salzburg,[37] Tallinn, Thessaloniki,[25] Venice ,[38] Vienna, Vilnius, Warsaw–Chopin, Wrocław

Neighboring aviation facilitiesEdit

  • A major aircraft maintenance, repair and overhaul company, the so-called Kyiv Aircraft Repair Plant 410, adjoins the airport.
  • In 2003, the Ukraine State Aviation Museum was created in one of the industrial estates neighboring the airport. It is the largest aviation museum in Ukraine, exhibiting some unique Soviet examples including original prototypes for famous airliners.
  • The Ukrainian Air Force and the Ukrainian National Guard maintain a small training facility in the vicinity of the Zhuliany Airport.[citation needed]

StatisticsEdit

 
The original, Soviet-built passenger terminal served as the domestic terminal until mid-2013.
Year Passengers Change
2002 258,800[39]
2016 1,127,500[40]  019.4%
2017 1,851,700[41]  067.3%
2018 2,812,300[42]  051.9%
2019 2,617,900[43]  06.9%

Ground transportationEdit

RoadEdit

The Airport is connected to the city's main highway infrastructure via the Povitroflotskyi Avenue, and served by a number of city transport routes, including:[44]

As well as private bus routes. Car parking facilities at the airport itself are limited, however, long stay parking can be found in the airport's immediate vicinity. Taxis can often be found waiting directly outside the terminal, in the passenger drop-off/pick-up area.

RailEdit

The airport's old passenger terminal is located about 0.5 km away from the Kyiv-Volynskyi rail station – a stop for elektrichka commuter trains as well as for the intracity Urban Electric Train service.[citation needed]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Code IATA «IeV» from old soviet transliteration Kiev. KIE was already used by Kieta Airport
  2. ^ "Wizzair wickelt Ukraine-Tochter ab" [Wizzair handles Ukrainian subsidiary] (in German). aero.de. 27 March 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
  3. ^ Статистика пасажиропотоку IEV (in Ukrainian).
  4. ^ "Жуляны" настроены по-деловому ["Juliani" set up to do business] (in Russian). Kommersant.ua. 7 December 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
  5. ^ Wizz Air перевела свої рейси з Борисполя в Жуляни [Wizz Air has transferred its flights from Boryspil to Juliani]. News.bigmir.net (in Russian). 25 September 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
  6. ^ Столичні аеропорти працюють у штатному режимі [The capital's airports are operating in normal mode]. Kiev.unian.net (in Ukrainian). 14 February 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
  7. ^ ЧП в Жулянах: авиакомпания жалуется на посадочную полосу, аэропорт намекает на ошибку экипажа [Problem at Zhuliany: Airline complains about the runway, airport implies crew error]. Korrespondent.net (in Russian). 13 July 2013. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  8. ^ "Kolesnikov opens new terminal at Kyiv Airport". Kyiv Post. 17 May 2012. Archived from the original on 17 May 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
  9. ^ "Digital Journal: Ukraine opens second airport in Kyiv". Kyiv Post. 22 May 2012. Archived from the original on 23 May 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
  10. ^ a b Аэропорт Жуляны похвалился трехкратным ростом пассажиропотока в 2013 [Juliani Airport boasting a three-fold increase in passenger traffic in 2013]. Korrespondent.net (in Russian). 9 July 2013. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  11. ^ Киев уходит в небо. Аэропорт Жуляны превращается в младшего брата-счастливчика не слишком успешного Борисполя [Kyiv is heading for the skies. Juliani airport is turning to the success of its younger brother, Boryspil] (in Russian). Korrespondent.net. 13 May 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
  12. ^ "Kyiv international airport opens business terminal". Kyiv Post. 13 December 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  13. ^ "Wizz Air Further Restructures Ukrainian Operations". Wizzair.com. 26 March 2015. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
  14. ^ Аеропорт "Жуляни" закриють на капітальний ремонт. 5 канал (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  15. ^ "Аеропорт "Київ" отримав нове ім'я" [Kyiv airport received a new name], Українська правда, 22 March 2018, retrieved 16 August 2018
  16. ^ "Kyiv International Airport officially named after Ihor Sikorsky", Kyiv Post, 22 March 2018, retrieved 16 August 2018
  17. ^ "Construction of new section of Zhuliany airport's international terminal begins", Kyiv Post, 30 July 2018, retrieved 16 August 2018
  18. ^ iev.aero – For passengers retrieved 22 July 2016
  19. ^ "Чартерные рейсы в Тирану". chartershop.com.ua.
  20. ^ "Чартерные билеты в Тиват". chartershop.com.ua.
  21. ^ "Flights to Rome, Italy and worldwide destinations – Alitalia". Retrieved 21 February 2017.
  22. ^ a b c d Liu, Jim (8 January 2020). "Ellinair S20 Kyiv operation changes". Routesonline.
  23. ^ Liu, Jim (28 March 2018). "Jordan Aviation adds Kyiv service from mid-March 2018". Routesonline. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
  24. ^ Liu, Jim (19 November 2019). "Pegasus adds Dalaman – Kyiv link from late-April 2020". routesonline.com.
  25. ^ a b Liu, Jim (7 March 2019). "Wizz Air adds new Greek routes from Kyiv from late-May 2019". Routesonline.
  26. ^ https://www.uvidpustku.com/wizz-air-ukraine-italy/
  27. ^ https://www.uvidpustku.com/wizz-air-ukraine-italy/
  28. ^ https://simpleflying.com/wizz-air-frankfurt-withdrawl/
  29. ^ "Wizz Air will fly from Krakow. Cheap carrier will open 12 routes from the capital of Lesser Poland". businessinsider.com.pl. 21 November 2018.
  30. ^ "New WizzAir routes from Kyiv to ESTONIA (Tallinn) and to Lisbon! – TravelFree". 12 July 2017.
  31. ^ "WIZZ AIR: NEW ROUTES FROM KYIV TO LISBON AND TALLINN!".
  32. ^ https://www.uvidpustku.com/wizz-air-ukraine-italy/
  33. ^ https://www.uvidpustku.com/wizz-air-ukraine-italy/
  34. ^ Liu, Jim (19 December 2016). "WizzAir expands Kyiv Zhulyany service from Aug 2017". Routesonline. Retrieved 19 December 2016.
  35. ^ https://zdopravy.cz/wizz-air-zacne-letat-z-pardubic-do-lvova-a-kyjeva-52497/
  36. ^ https://www.uvidpustku.com/wizz-air-ukraine-italy/
  37. ^ https://www.salzburg24.at/news/salzburg/wizz-air-fliegt-ab-salzburg-88199566
  38. ^ https://www.uvidpustku.com/wizz-air-ukraine-italy/
  39. ^ "Аэропорт Киев Жуляны: как доехать, авиабилеты, такси, расписание". Aviation Today. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  40. ^ "Авиакомпании и аэропорты Украины: итоги работы в 2016 году". Retrieved 21 February 2017.
  41. ^ "Статистика Міжнародного аеропорту "Київ", грудень 2017. Підсумки року". Archived from the original on 13 March 2018. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  42. ^ "Аэропорт Жуляны подобрался к отметке в 3 млн пассажиров". Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  43. ^ "Статистика пасажиропотоку IEV".
  44. ^ iev.aero – Directions to airport retrieved 21 June 2018

External linksEdit

  Media related to Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany) at Wikimedia Commons

  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Weather Service.