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KwaZulu-Natal Legislature

  (Redirected from KwaZulu-Natal Provincial Legislature)

The KwaZulu-Natal Legislature is the primary legislative body of the South African province of KwaZulu-Natal. It is unicameral in its composition, and elects the premier and the provincial cabinet from among the members of the leading party or coalition in the parliament.

KwaZulu-Natal Legislature
5th Legislature
Type
Type
Leadership
Speaker
Lydia Johnson, African National Congress
Since 8 October 2013[1]
Deputy Speaker
Bonginkosi Meshack Radebe, African National Congress
Since 21 May 2014[2]
Structure
Seats 80
KwaZulu-Natal Legislature, 2014 general election.svg
Political groups
  National Freedom Party (6)
Elections
Party-list proportional representation
Last election
07 May 2014
Meeting place
KwaZulu-Natal Parliament building, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa.jpg
239 Langalibalele Street, Pietermaritzburg
Website
kznlegislature.gov.za

Contents

PowersEdit

The KwaZulu-Natal Legislature chooses the Premier of KwaZulu-Natal, the head of the KwaZulu-Natal provincial executive. The legislature can impel the Premier to resign by passing a motion of no confidence. Although the members of the Executive Council (cabinet) are appointed by the Premier, the legislature may pass a motion of no confidence to force the Premier to reshuffle the Council. The legislature also designate the KwaZulu-Natal's delegates to the National Council of Provinces, allocating delegates to parties in proportion to the number of seats each party holds in the legislature.

The legislature has the power to pass legislation in numerous fields set out in the national constitution; in some fields the legislative power is shared with the national parliament, while in others it is reserved to the province alone. The fields include matters as health, education (except universities), agriculture, housing, environmental protection, and development planning.

The legislature oversees the administration of the KwaZulu-Natal provincial government, and the Premier of KwaZulu-Natal and the members of the Executive Council are required to report to the legislature on the performance of their responsibilities. The legislature also manages the financial affairs of the provincial government by way of the appropriation bills which determine the provincial budget.

ElectionEdit

The provincial legislature consists of 80 members, who are elected through a system of party list proportional representation with closed lists. In other words, each voter casts a vote for one political party, and seats in the legislature are allocated to the parties in proportion to the number of votes received. The seats are then filled by members in accordance with lists submitted by the parties before the election.

The legislature is elected for a term of five years, unless it is dissolved early. This may occur if the legislature votes to dissolve and it is at least three years since the last election, or if the Premiership falls vacant and the legislature fails to elect a new Premier within ninety days. By convention all nine provincial legislatures and the National Assembly are elected on the same day.

The most recent election was held on 7 May 2014. The following table summarises the results.

Party Votes Vote % Seats
African National Congress 2,475,041 64.52 52
Democratic Alliance 489,430 12.76 10
Inkatha Freedom Party 416,496 10.86 9
National Freedom Party 280,425 7.31 6
Economic Freedom Fighters 70,823 1.85 2
Minority Front 38,960 1.02 1
Other parties 64,834 1.68 0
Total 3,836,009 100 80

The following table shows the composition of the legislature after past elections and floor-crossing periods.

Event Date ANC IFP DP / DA NP / NNP MF ACDP UDM Others
1994 election 27 April 1994 26 41 2 9 1 1 1
1999 election 2 June 1999 32 34 7 3 2 1 1 0
2003 floor-crossing 4 April 2003 35 32 6 2 2 1 1 1
2004 election 14 April 2004 38 30 7 0 2 2 1 0
2005 floor-crossing 15 September 2005 40 27 5 2 1 1 4
2007 floor-crossing 15 September 2007 41 27 5 2 1 1 3
2009 election 22 April 2009 51 18 7 2 1 0 1

OfficersEdit

The Speaker of the Legislature is Lydia Johnson and the Deputy Speaker Bonginkosi Meshack Radebe; they are both members of the African National Congress. The following people have served as Speaker:

Name Entered Office Left Office Party
Bonga Mdletshe[3] 1994 2004 IFP
Willies Mchunu 2004 2009 ANC
Peggy Nkonyeni 2009 2013 ANC
Lydia Johnson 2013 Present ANC

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit