Kvænangen

Kvænangen (Northern Sami: Návuona suohkan; Kven: Naavuonon komuuni) is a municipality in Troms og Finnmark county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Burfjord. The European route E6 highway goes through the municipality and over the Sørstraumen Bridge, and many people stop at the Kvænangsfjellet pass to view the scenery of the Kvænangen fjord.[3]

Kvænangen kommune

Návuona suohkan
Naavuonon komuuni
Kvænangen fjord seen from the mountain plateau
Kvænangen fjord seen from the mountain plateau
Official logo of Kvænangen kommune
Troms og Finnmark within
Norway
Kvænangen within Troms og Finnmark
Kvænangen within Troms og Finnmark
Coordinates: 69°53′39″N 21°58′49″E / 69.89417°N 21.98028°E / 69.89417; 21.98028Coordinates: 69°53′39″N 21°58′49″E / 69.89417°N 21.98028°E / 69.89417; 21.98028
CountryNorway
CountyTroms og Finnmark
DistrictNord-Troms
Established1863
Administrative centreBurfjord
Government
 • Mayor (2015)Eirik Losnegaard Mevik (Ap)
Area
 • Total2,109.37 km2 (814.43 sq mi)
 • Land2,008.54 km2 (775.50 sq mi)
 • Water100.83 km2 (38.93 sq mi)  4.8%
Area rank32 in Norway
Population
 (2020)
 • Total1,191
 • Rank323 in Norway
 • Density0.6/km2 (2/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
−9.5%
Demonym(s)Kvænangsværing[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-5429
Official language formNeutral[2]
Websitekvanangen.kommune.no

The 2,109-square-kilometre (814 sq mi) municipality is the 32nd largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Kvænangen is the 323rd most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 1,191. The municipality's population density is 0.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (1.6/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 9.5% over the previous 10-year period.[4][5]

General informationEdit

The municipality of Kvænangen was established in 1863 when it was separated from the large Skjervøy Municipality. The initial population of Kvænangen was 1,677. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1965, the Meiland area (population: 12) of Skjervøy Municipality was transferred to Kvænangen. On 1 January 1972, the uninhabited area of Mannskarvik was transferred from Skjervøy to Kvænanagen.[6]

On 1 January 2020, the municipality became part of the newly formed Troms og Finnmark county. Previously, it had been part of the old Troms county.[7]

NameEdit

The municipality is named after the Kvænangen fjord (Old Norse: Kven(a)angr). The first element is the plural genitive case of kven and the last element is angr which means "fjord". The district used to be mostly populated by Sámi people.[8]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms is from modern times; they were granted on 13 July 1990. The arms show three blue harebells on a gray or white background. The plant is a typical plant for the area with its harsh and cold climate.[3][9]

ChurchesEdit

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Kvænangen. It is part of the Nord-Troms prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nord-Hålogaland.

Churches in Kvænangen
Parish (Sokn) Name Location Year built
Kvænangen Burfjord Church Burfjord 2009
Sekkemo Church Sekkemo 1956
Skorpa Church Skorpa 1850

HistoryEdit

The municipality surrounds the Kvænangen fjord, after which it is named. The population is primarily of Sami origin, although the Kven population constitutes a sizeable minority. Archeological finds indicate nomadic activity in the area going back 10,000 years.

There is evidence that Kværnangen was the site for a transitional state between nomadic and agricultural society through what was known as "siida" - delimited areas where permanent housing was established and natural resources put under stewardship.

The Kvens settled in the area in the 18th century, occupying themselves with fishing, hunting, and agriculture. Over time, fisheries became a primary industry, and the community exported dried fish to southern areas. Ethnic Norwegians gradually immigrated to facilitate trade and administration.

Norwegian public policy in the 1930s and post-war years homogenized the three groups, ethnic Norwegians, Sami, and Kven, considerably, to the point that most residents speak Norwegian at home, regardless of their ethnic heritage. A majority of people in Kvænangen declared themselves Sami or Kven in the 1930 census. In the 1950 census, all but a handful declared themselves Norwegian.

During the Nazi occupation during World War II, a temporary work camp was established at Kvænangen. In large part due to the generosity of the local population, prisoners had ample food. As the German Wehrmacht retreated in early 1945, the population was evacuated by force, and all buildings were burned. Today, a local museum shows typical reconstruction houses.

GeographyEdit

 
The main E6 road goes through Kvænangen

The municipality has coastal and plains geography, extending into Finnmarksvidda. There are mature pine forests in the valley at the head of the fjord, and there are several rivers, the largest of which is Kvænangselva, which is traditionally a good salmon-fishing river.

 
Winter in Burfjord valley, Kvænangen.

The Øksfjordjøkelen glacier is located in the northern part of the municipality on the border with Loppa. It's the ninth largest glacier in mainland Norway. The lake Šuoikkatjávri is located in the southern part of the municipality on the border with Kautokeino. The Langfjordjøkelen is another glacier in northern Kvænangen.

There are several islands in the fjord that are part of Kvænangen municipality: Skorpa, Spildra, and Nøklan.

ClimateEdit

climate type is dominated by the winter season, a long, bitterly cold period with short, clear days, relatively little precipitation mostly in the form of snow, and low humidity. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Dfc". (Continental Subarctic Climate).[10]

Climate data for Kvænangen
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −2
(28)
−2
(29)
0
(32)
3
(37)
8
(46)
13
(55)
16
(60)
14
(58)
10
(50)
5
(41)
1
(34)
−1
(31)
5
(41)
Average low °C (°F) −8
(18)
−7
(19)
−5
(23)
−2
(28)
2
(36)
6
(43)
9
(49)
8
(47)
5
(41)
1
(33)
−3
(26)
−6
(21)
0
(32)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 36
(1.4)
33
(1.3)
33
(1.3)
23
(0.9)
23
(0.9)
30
(1.2)
51
(2)
51
(2)
43
(1.7)
53
(2.1)
41
(1.6)
41
(1.6)
460
(18.1)
Source: Weatherbase [11]

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Norway, including Kvænangen, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[12] The municipality falls under the Nord-Troms District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Kvænangen is made up of 15 representatives that are elected every four years. The party breakdown of the council is as follows:

Kvænangen Kommunestyre 2020–2023 [13]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Joint list of the Conservative Party (Høyre)
and the Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)
2
 Kvænangen Local List (Kvænangen Bygdeliste)2
Total number of members:15
Kvænangen Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Coastal Party (Kystpartiet)5
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
Total number of members:15
Kvænangen Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Coastal Party (Kystpartiet)5
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
Total number of members:15
Kvænangen Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Coastal Party (Kystpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Joint list of the Conservative Party (Høyre)
and Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)
5
Total number of members:15
Kvænangen Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
 Joint list of the Conservative Party (Høyre)
and Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)
6
Total number of members:17
Kvænangen Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Joint list of the Conservative Party (Høyre)
and Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)
9
Total number of members:17
Kvænangen Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [16]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
 Joint list of the Conservative Party (Høyre)
and Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)
9
Total number of members:21
Kvænangen Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [17]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
 Kvænangen cross-party list (Kvænangen tverrpolitiske liste)1
 Jøkelfjord local list (Jøkelfjord kretsliste)1
Total number of members:21
Kvænangen Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [18]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Conservative Party (Høyre)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Jøkelfjord local list (Jøkelfjord kretsliste)2
Total number of members:21
Kvænangen Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [19]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 Conservative Party (Høyre)7
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
Total number of members:21
Kvænangen Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [20]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)4
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Joint list of the Centre Party (Senterpartiet)
and the Liberal Party (Venstre)
1
 Alteidet and Jøkelfjord local list
(Alteidet og Jøkelfjord Kretsliste)
1
 Burfjord local list (Burfjord Kretsliste)1
Total number of members:21
Kvænangen Kommunestyre 1976–1979 [21]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
 Alteidet and Jøkelfjord local list
(Alteidet og Jøkelfjord Kretsliste)
3
 Workers', farmers' and housewives' non-party common list
(Arbeidernes, Småbrukernes og Husmødrenes Upolitiske Fellesliste)
1
 Kvænangsbotn Non-party district list
(Kvænangsbotn Upolitiske distriktsliste)
1
Total number of members:21
Kvænangen Kommunestyre 1972–1975 [22]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)13
Total number of members:21
Kvænangen Kommunestyre 1968–1971 [23]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Socialist People's Party (Sosialistisk Folkeparti)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:21
Kvænangen Kommunestyre 1964–1967 [24]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Socialist People's Party (Sosialistisk Folkeparti)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)7
Total number of members:21
Kvænangen Herredsstyre 1960–1963 [25]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
5
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)9
Total number of members:21
Kvænangen Herredsstyre 1956–1959 [26]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)11
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)6
Total number of members:21
Kvænangen Herredsstyre 1952–1955 [27]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)5
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
5
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)3
Total number of members:16
Kvænangen Herredsstyre 1948–1951 [28]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)5
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:16
Kvænangen Herredsstyre 1945–1947 [29]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)6
Total number of members:16
Kvænangen Herredsstyre 1938–1941* [30]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
5
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)2
Total number of members:16

Notable peopleEdit

Notable people that were born or lived in Kvænangen include:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ a b Store norske leksikon. "Kvænangen" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 7 April 2010.
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian).
  5. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian).
  6. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  7. ^ Mæhlum, Lars, ed. (24 December 2019). "Troms og Finnmark". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 26 December 2019.
  8. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1911). Norske gaardnavne: Troms amt (in Norwegian) (17 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 189.
  9. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  10. ^ Climate Summary for Nordstraum (closest city on record to Kvænangen)
  11. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
  12. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (12 May 2016). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  13. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019 - Troms og Finnmark". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 26 October 2019.
  14. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  15. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Troms Romsa". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 26 October 2019.
  16. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  17. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  18. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  19. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  20. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  21. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  27. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  28. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  29. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  30. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 21 March 2020.

External linksEdit