Kushari, also Koshari and Koshary (Egyptian Arabic: كشري‎, [ˈkoʃæɾi]), is Egypt’s national dish and a widely popular street food.[1] An Egyptian dish that originated during the mid-19th century, the dish combines Italian, Indian and Middle Eastern culinary elements. Kushari is made of rice, macaroni, and lentils mixed together, topped with a spiced tomato sauce and garlic vinegar and garnished with chickpeas and crispy fried onions and is often served with sprinklings of garlic juice, garlic vinegar and hot sauce are optional.

Egyptian food Koshary.jpg
TypeMixed-rice dish
CourseMain course
Place of originEgypt
Serving temperaturewarm or hot
Main ingredientsrice, lentils, macaroni, tomato sauce, vegetable oil, onions, cumin, coriander
Variationschickpeas, hot sauce, garlic juice, vinegar, short spaghetti
Similar dishesKhichdi, Mujaddara

Etymology and spellingEdit

"Kushari" comes from a spelling variation of the Indian dish khichdi, as khichri. The most popular English spelling of "Kushari" in Egypt is spelled as Koshary, other variations of the spelling are also Koshari, and Kosheri.


Kushari originated in the mid-19th century, during a time when Egypt was a multicultural country in the middle of an economic boom. It consists of fried onions, lentils, rice, macaroni and lemon sauce. It is somewhat related to Italian cuisine and to an Indian dish made only from rice and lentils, khichdi, but the Egyptian dish has more ingredients and flavors, especially the local Egyptian sauce giving it the unique taste the dish is popular for. Some believe it was first made during the British occupation of Egypt, when Indians and Egyptians were common workers in the houses of the British. It is rumored that they used to boil leftovers from the dinner and that the Egyptians came up with the idea to add tomato sauce to the dish to add more flavor. Over time, the dish has evolved through Egyptian citizens, then Egyptian soldiers.[2] Kushari used to be sold on food carts in its early years, and was introduced to restaurants later.[3]

This dish is widely popular among workers and laborers, and the dish is well-suited to mass catering events such as conferences. It may be prepared at home, and is also served at roadside stalls and restaurants all over Egypt; some restaurants specialize in kushari to the exclusion of other dishes, while others feature it as one item among many.[4] As traditionally prepared kushari does not contain any animal products so it can be considered vegan, as long as all frying uses vegetable oil.

In 2019 instant cup Kushari was being developed by GK Global Food Industries with the brand name Tik Tik[5], Marketing actively began on 4 March 2020 through social media, Cup Kushari was inspired by Cup noodles, it uses a similar preparation method, by adding water and dried ingredients.


The Alexandrian Kushari is very different from the known recipe as it changes visually and in taste, the process of cooking includes yellow lentils and rice ,it also uses curry and cumin in the rice which makes them have a uniform color, it Includes Egyptian Rolled eggs as well which is boiled then fried eggs in ghee or butter, As well as lightly pickled Tomatoes instead of the sauce and French Fries on the side.[6]

The dish with the Kushari name has seen some popularity in other Arab countries in recent years, especially in the Arabian Gulf and Yemen, There's adjustments and changes based on each country or region, the variations include adding grilled vegetables and changing the rice type to Basmati cooked either white or yellow, recipes of that region uses other shapes of macaroni, the recipes could include chicken too which makes it close to Kabsa in some cases. [7][8]

The dish is served in Japanese carts and has some additions added on top of the original recipe, the additions are, basil chicken, raw tomatoes, sour cream, fried eggs, cheddar cheese sauce, avocado slices, and spicy powder with jalapeño.[9]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ BBC Travel, Lindsey Galloway, 13 January 2020, "Why 2020 is the year to visit cairo", http://www.bbc.com/travel/story/20200112-why-2020-is-the-year-to-visit-cairo
  2. ^ yahoo- maktoob CNBC
  3. ^ Parvi, Shahrokh (6 March 2016). "Cheap, healthy and oh so tasty: the best kushari in Cairo". The Guardian.
  4. ^ "Kushari recipe". Whats4eats.com. Retrieved 2013-02-17.
  5. ^ "Tiktik Koshary: Egyptian famous dish of Koshary (koshary in 5 mins)". tiktikfoods. Retrieved 2020-07-26.
  6. ^ "كشري اسكندراني بالصور من Alaa Abbas". كوكباد (in Arabic). Retrieved 2020-07-26.
  7. ^ "كشري خليجي بالخضار والدجاج بالصور‎". forums.graaam.com. Retrieved 2020-07-26.
  8. ^ "كشري خليجي بالخضار والدجاج بالصور‎". forums.graaam.com. Retrieved 2020-07-26.
  9. ^ "エジプトめしコシャリ屋さん". koshary-yasan.hungry.jp. Retrieved 2020-07-26.

External linksEdit