Kurds in Finland

Kurds in Finland refers to Kurds living in Finland. In 2021 there were 15,850 Kurdish speakers in Finland.[1]

Kurds in Finland
Total population
15,850 (0.3%)
Regions with significant populations
Uusimaa8,573 (0.5%)[1]
Southwest Finland2,861 (0.6%)[1]
Pirkanmaa871 (0.2%)[1]
Päijät-Häme809 (0.4%)[1]
Central Finland487 (0.2%)[1]
Languages
Kurdish
Religion
Sunni Islam
Related ethnic groups
Iranian people

HistoryEdit

Kurds started first arriving to Finland in the 1970s and 1980s. In 1995 there were 1,166 Turkish citizens in Finland, out of which around 300-550 were Kurds. A significant portion of the Turkish pizzerias and kebab-restaurants in Finland are established by Kurds.[2]

Some of the Finnish Kurds originate from Turkey and Iran, but most of them have come from Iraq, where they started arriving from in the 1990s as UNHCR quota refugees. Kurds make up the majority of Iraqi immigrants to Finland.[3] After ISIL gained ground against the Peshmerga in Iraqi Kurdistan the Finnish Kurds organized protests against ISIL.[4] According to the chairman of Finnish-Kurdish friendship association several dozens of Finnish Kurds had left to Syria and Iraq in order to fight against ISIL.[5]

CultureEdit

Finnish Kurds speak several different dialects of Kurdish, the largest of which are Sorani and Kurmanji Kurdish. Kurmanji has more speakers worldwide, but Sorani is the most spoken Kurdish dialect in Finland. It is likely that there are more ethnic Kurds than there are those who speak it as a first language. For example, some of the Kurds who originate from Turkey speak Turkish rather than Kurdish. There are several different Kurdish organizations in Finland, many of which have direct or undirect connections to political parties in Iraqi Kurdistan.[3]

Almost all Finnish Kurds are Muslim and in the Iraqi Kurdistan, where the most Finnish Kurds hail from, most Kurds are Sunni Muslim. Different Kurdish organizations in Finland host their own Nowruz celebrations.[3][6]

OrganizationsEdit

There are several Kurdish organizations in Finland, including Kurdiliitto[7] and Suomalais-Kurdilainen ystävyysseura.[8]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPersons±% p.a.
1990179—    
1991294+64.25%
1992570+93.88%
1993868+52.28%
19941,147+32.14%
19951,381+20.40%
19961,670+20.93%
19972,099+25.69%
19982,419+15.25%
19992,860+18.23%
20003,115+8.92%
YearPersons±% p.a.
20013,477+11.62%
20023,926+12.91%
20034,340+10.55%
20044,757+9.61%
20055,123+7.69%
20065,469+6.75%
20075,893+7.75%
20086,455+9.54%
20097,135+10.53%
20108,032+12.57%
20118,623+7.36%
YearPersons±% p.a.
20129,280+7.62%
201310,075+8.57%
201410,731+6.51%
201511,271+5.03%
201612,226+8.47%
201713,327+9.01%
201814,054+5.46%
201914,803+5.33%
202015,368+3.82%
202115,850+3.14%
Source: [9]

DistributionEdit

Regions of Finland Population (2008) % of Kurdish-speaking population Population (2018) % of Kurdish-speaking population
Uusimaa 3,106 48.1% 7,501 53.4%
Southwest Finland 1,312 20.3% 2,545 18.1%
Pirkanmaa 454 7% 798 5.7%
Päijät-Häme 394 6.1% 748 5.3%
Central Finland 258 4% 424 3%
North Ostrobothnia 120 1.9% 378 2.7%
Ostrobothnia 226 3.5% 311 2.2%
Kymenlaakso 122 1.9% 256 1.8%
Lapland 86 1.3% 185 1.3%
Kanta-Häme 56 0.9% 130 0.9%
North Karelia 10 0.2% 127 0.9%
South Karelia 62 1% 127 0.9%
Satakunta 24 0.4% 114 0.8%
Northern Savonia 21 0.3% 96 0.7%
Kainuu 74 1.1% 76 0.5%
South Ostrobothnia 23 0.4% 73 0.5%
Southern Savonia 16 0.2% 65 0.5%
Åland 70 1.1% 52 0.4%
Central Ostrobothnia 21 0.3% 48 0.3%
Finland 6,455 14,054
Kurds by Municipality in 2018[10]
Municipality Kurds %
1. Helsinki 3,537 0.55
2. Turku 1,913 1.00
3. Espoo 1,777 0.63
4. Vantaa 1,433 0.63
5. Tampere 688 0.29
6. Lahti 673 0.56
7. Jyväskylä 379 0.27
8. Oulu 339 0.17
9. Salo 243 0.46
10. Vaasa 224 0.33

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Kieli iän ja sukupuolen mukaan maakunnittain 1990 - 2017". Tilastokeskus. Archived from the original on 30 August 2018. Retrieved 30 August 2017.
  2. ^ "Data" (PDF). jyx.jyu.fi. Retrieved 2019-11-22.
  3. ^ a b c Wahlbeck, Östen (2005). "Kurds in Finland". Encyclopedia of Diasporas - Volume II. Springer. pp. 1004–1010. ISBN 0306483211.
  4. ^ Hjelt, Yrjö. "Suomen kurdit osoittavat mieltään terroristijärjestö Isisiä vastaan". Yle Uutiset. Retrieved 8 November 2014.
  5. ^ Ijäs, Johannes. "Arvio: Jopa kymmeniä lähtenyt Suomesta kurditaistelijoiden riveihin". Kotimaa24. Retrieved 8 November 2014.
  6. ^ "404 - Page not found". Ulkoministeriö. {{cite web}}: Cite uses generic title (help)
  7. ^ ""Suomen kurdit" – Kurdiliitto ry".
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2019-07-20. Retrieved 2019-07-20.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Language according to sex by municipality, 1990-2021". Statistics Finland. Retrieved June 2, 2022.
  10. ^ Statistics Finland[not specific enough to verify]