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Kurchatov is a lunar impact crater that is located on the Moon's far side. It is just to the southwest of the crater Wiener, and farther to the southeast of Bridgman. A couple of crater diameters to the south of Kurchatov is the northern edge of the Mare Moscoviense.

Kurchatov LROC.jpg
LRO WAC image
Coordinates38°18′N 142°06′E / 38.3°N 142.1°E / 38.3; 142.1Coordinates: 38°18′N 142°06′E / 38.3°N 142.1°E / 38.3; 142.1
Diameter106 km
Colongitude218° at sunrise
EponymIgor V. Kurchatov
Oblique Lunar Orbiter 5 image
Oblique Apollo 13 image

This is a worn and eroded crater formation, with a pair of small craters lying across the northern rim, and a generally worn and pitted rim and inner wall. A small crater lies along the northern inner wall and a bowl-shaped crater at the northwest edge of the interior floor. There is a small, elongated central ridge near the midpoint, and the interior floor is pitted with tiny craterlets.

Beginning to the south of Kurchatov and running toward the west-northwest is a crater chain designated Catena Kurchatov. The chain ends to the southeast of Becquerel.

Satellite cratersEdit

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to Kurchatov.

Kurchatov Latitude Longitude Diameter
T 38.0° N 138.0° E 27 km
W 40.4° N 140.4° E 33 km
X 41.3° N 139.9° E 17 km
Z 41.0° N 141.8° E 27 km


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External linksEdit