Kunda, Estonia

Kunda is a town in the Viru-Nigula Parish of Estonia, located on the coast of the Gulf of Finland. There is a pulp mill (AS Estonian Cell), a cement factory and a port.

Kunda
Town
Kunda, továrna.jpg
Kunda, domy v centru.jpg
Kunda 1.jpg
Kunda hydroelectric station.jpg
Kunda, nová továrna.jpg
From left to right, clockwise: A cement factory, apartment buildings, the ruins of an old cement factory, a pulp mill, a hydroelectric power plant
Kunda is located in Scandinavia
Kunda
Kunda
Location of Kunda in the Baltic Sea region
Kunda is located in Estonia
Kunda
Kunda
Location in Estonia
Kunda is located in Europe
Kunda
Kunda
Location in Europe
Coordinates: 59°30′N 26°32′E / 59.500°N 26.533°E / 59.500; 26.533Coordinates: 59°30′N 26°32′E / 59.500°N 26.533°E / 59.500; 26.533
CountryEstonia
CountyLääne-Viru County
MunicipalityViru-Nigula Parish
City statusMay 1, 1938
Area
 • Total9.85 km2 (3.80 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)[1]
 • Total2,865
 • Rank29th
 • Density290/km2 (750/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

HistoryEdit

Evidence of some of the oldest prehistoric communities in Estonia, hunting and fishing communities that existed around 6500 BC, were found near Kunda. This settlement gave the name to the Kunda culture.

Kunda was granted official borough rights on May 1, 1938.

The Rutja Airfield facility is located 13 km (8.1 mi) west of Kunda and was used by the Soviets during their occupation of Estonia; it has since been abandoned.

International relationsEdit

Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit

The former municipality of Kunda was twinned with:

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Kunda, Estonia (normals 1991–2020, extremes 1849–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 9.6
(49.3)
11.1
(52.0)
15.8
(60.4)
27.6
(81.7)
33.1
(91.6)
30.9
(87.6)
33.4
(92.1)
34.4
(93.9)
29.0
(84.2)
21.2
(70.2)
13.7
(56.7)
11.8
(53.2)
34.4
(93.9)
Average high °C (°F) −1
(30)
−1.2
(29.8)
2.6
(36.7)
8.8
(47.8)
14.7
(58.5)
18.9
(66.0)
21.8
(71.2)
20.9
(69.6)
16.1
(61.0)
9.5
(49.1)
4.0
(39.2)
0.9
(33.6)
9.7
(49.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −3.3
(26.1)
−4.0
(24.8)
−0.8
(30.6)
4.4
(39.9)
9.8
(49.6)
14.4
(57.9)
17.5
(63.5)
16.5
(61.7)
12.2
(54.0)
6.7
(44.1)
1.9
(35.4)
−1.1
(30.0)
6.2
(43.2)
Average low °C (°F) −5.7
(21.7)
−6.7
(19.9)
−4
(25)
0.8
(33.4)
5.3
(41.5)
10.1
(50.2)
13.2
(55.8)
12.4
(54.3)
8.6
(47.5)
4.0
(39.2)
−0.2
(31.6)
−3.2
(26.2)
2.9
(37.2)
Record low °C (°F) −33.1
(−27.6)
−34.9
(−30.8)
−27.7
(−17.9)
−19
(−2)
−5.3
(22.5)
−0.2
(31.6)
2.9
(37.2)
2.7
(36.9)
−3.4
(25.9)
−10.6
(12.9)
−19.7
(−3.5)
−34.9
(−30.8)
−34.9
(−30.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 38
(1.5)
29
(1.1)
27
(1.1)
29
(1.1)
41
(1.6)
68
(2.7)
61
(2.4)
76
(3.0)
54
(2.1)
61
(2.4)
52
(2.0)
38
(1.5)
573
(22.6)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 9 6 7 7 6 8 9 11 11 11 11 10 105
Average relative humidity (%) 87 85 80 75 72 76 78 80 81 83 86 86 81
Source: Estonian Weather Service (precipitation days, 1971–2000)[3][4][5][6][7]

Notable peopleEdit

  • Argo Aadli (born 1980), theatre and film actor
  • Armin Öpik (1898–1983), paleontologist
  • Ernst Öpik (1893–1985), astronomer and astrophysicist
  • Jüri Parijõgi (1892–1941), writer and scholar
  • Knudåge Riisager (1897–1974), composer, son of expatriate Danish parents (his father running the cement factory), spent his first 3 years in Kunda.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population by sex, age group and place of residence after the 2017 administrative reform, 1 January". Statistics Estonia. Retrieved 2021-12-26.
  2. ^ "International co-operation of Gdynia". Gdynia.pl. Archived from the original on 2016-10-19.
  3. ^ "Climate normals-Temperature". Estonian Weather Service. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
  4. ^ "Climate normals-Precipitation". Estonian Weather Service. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
  5. ^ "Climate normals-Humidity". Estonian Weather Service. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
  6. ^ "Rekordid" (in Estonian). Estonian Weather Service. Retrieved 19 March 2021.
  7. ^ "Kliimanormid-Sademed, õhuniiskus" (in Estonian). Estonian Weather Service. Archived from the original on 22 February 2012. Retrieved 24 February 2021.

External linksEdit