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Kunda is a town in Viru-Nigula Parish, in Estonia, located on the coast of the Gulf of Finland. There is a pulp mill (AS Estonian Cell), a cement factory and a port.

Kunda, Estonia
Town
Kunda
Kunda, továrna.jpg
Kunda, domy v centru.jpg
Kunda 1.jpg
Kunda hydroelectric station.jpg
Kunda, nová továrna.jpg
From left to right, clockwise: A cement factory, apartment buildings, the ruins of an old cement factory, a pulp mill, a hydroelectric power plant
Flag of Kunda, Estonia
Flag
Coat of arms of Kunda, Estonia
Coat of arms
Kunda, Estonia is located in Scandinavia
Kunda, Estonia
Kunda, Estonia
Location of Kunda in the Baltic Sea region
Kunda, Estonia is located in Estonia
Kunda, Estonia
Kunda, Estonia
Location in Estonia
Kunda, Estonia is located in Europe
Kunda, Estonia
Kunda, Estonia
Location in Europe
Coordinates: 59°30′N 26°32′E / 59.500°N 26.533°E / 59.500; 26.533Coordinates: 59°30′N 26°32′E / 59.500°N 26.533°E / 59.500; 26.533
Country Estonia
CountyLääne-Virumaa lipp.svg Lääne-Viru
FoundedMay 1, 1938
Government
 • MayorKaido Veski (Reform Party)
Area
 • Total9.85 km2 (3.80 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)
 • Total3,125
 • Rank37th
 • Density320/km2 (820/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Websitewww.kunda.ee

Contents

HistoryEdit

Evidence of some of the oldest prehistoric communities in Estonia, hunting and fishing communities that existed around 6500 BC, were found near Kunda. This settlement gave the name to the Kunda culture.

Kunda was granted official borough rights on May 1, 1938.

The Rutja Airfield facility is located 13 km (8.1 mi) west of Kunda and was used by the Soviets during their occupation of Estonia; it has since been abandoned.

International relationsEdit

Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit

Kunda is twinned with:

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Kunda, Estonia (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 9.6
(49.3)
11.1
(52.0)
15.8
(60.4)
27.6
(81.7)
29.7
(85.5)
30.1
(86.2)
33.4
(92.1)
34.4
(93.9)
29.0
(84.2)
21.2
(70.2)
11.7
(53.1)
11.4
(52.5)
34.4
(93.9)
Average high °C (°F) −1.4
(29.5)
−1.8
(28.8)
2.1
(35.8)
8.6
(47.5)
14.7
(58.5)
18.4
(65.1)
21.5
(70.7)
20.3
(68.5)
15.2
(59.4)
9.6
(49.3)
3.3
(37.9)
0.1
(32.2)
9.2
(48.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −3.8
(25.2)
−4.8
(23.4)
−1.3
(29.7)
4.1
(39.4)
9.6
(49.3)
14.0
(57.2)
17.1
(62.8)
15.9
(60.6)
11.3
(52.3)
6.6
(43.9)
1.2
(34.2)
−2.2
(28.0)
5.7
(42.3)
Average low °C (°F) −6.4
(20.5)
−7.8
(18.0)
−4.5
(23.9)
0.4
(32.7)
5.0
(41.0)
9.6
(49.3)
12.6
(54.7)
11.8
(53.2)
7.8
(46.0)
3.8
(38.8)
−1
(30)
−4.5
(23.9)
2.2
(36.0)
Record low °C (°F) −32.7
(−26.9)
−33
(−27)
−24.4
(−11.9)
−13
(9)
−5.2
(22.6)
−0.2
(31.6)
2.9
(37.2)
2.7
(36.9)
−3.4
(25.9)
−9.8
(14.4)
−19.7
(−3.5)
−24
(−11)
−33
(−27)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 39
(1.5)
26
(1.0)
28
(1.1)
25
(1.0)
39
(1.5)
71
(2.8)
67
(2.6)
82
(3.2)
60
(2.4)
62
(2.4)
50
(2.0)
38
(1.5)
587
(23.1)
Average relative humidity (%) 86 85 81 76 73 76 78 81 82 83 86 86 81
Source: Estonian Weather Service[2][3][4]

Notable peopleEdit

  • Argo Aadli (born 1980), theatre and film actor
  • Armin Öpik (1898–1983), paleontologist
  • Ernst Öpik (1893–1985), astronomer and astrophysicist
  • Jüri Parijõgi (1892–1941), writer and scholar
  • Knudåge Riisager (1897–1974), composer, son of expatriate Danish parents (his father running the cement factory), spent his first 3 years in Kunda.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ P.C., Net. "Gdynia - International Gdynia - International co-operation of Gdynia". www.gdynia.pl. Archived from the original on 2016-10-19.
  2. ^ "Climate normals-Temperature". Estonian Weather Service. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  3. ^ "Climate normals-Precipitation". Estonian Weather Service. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  4. ^ "Climate normals-Humidity". Estonian Weather Service. Retrieved 27 September 2016.

External linksEdit