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Kumba is a metropolitan city found in the Meme division in the Southwest Region, Western Cameroon popularly referred to as K town. Being the most developed, and largest city in the Meme division Kumba has attracted people from the neighbouring villages like Mbonge, Ekondo Titi amongst others. Kumba has an estimated population of about 400.000 inhabitants with about ¾ of this population falling within the youthful age group. The increase in population is as a result of increase in birth rate and a fall in infant mortality rate as a result of improvement in Infant health care and migrations (Rural – Urban). The N8 and N16 highways meet at Kumba.

Kumba

K-Town
Motto(s): 
The Green City
Kumba is located in Cameroon
Kumba
Kumba
Location in Cameroon
Coordinates: 4°38′N 9°27′E / 4.633°N 9.450°E / 4.633; 9.450
CountryFlag of Cameroon.svg Cameroon
ProvincekindSouthwest Region
Elevation
240 m (790 ft)
Population
 (2015)
 • Total400,000

HistoryEdit

The history of the Bafaws can be retraced to a certain Esambe Ngoe from the Mboh plane of the Nkongsamba region. He settled at a place called Mashuie found around Kokobuma, history holds it that one of his sons a Hunter Midiki Bokeng left for hunting and founded Kumba. In his honor a monument has been put up around the Town Green. during the British rule, Able Mukete was the district head of Kumba and continued down to his generation with his eldest son Nfon VE MUkete being the chief of Kumba which is a 1st class category of the chiefdom making Chief Mukete a First Class chief and also the Paramount Chief of the Bafaws)???--->


EconomyEdit

The city is a trade centre for Cocoa and Palm Oil, including Rubber and has a timber industry as well. Kumba is a local road junction, making it the main commercial town in anglophone Cameroon. it has 2 main markets Kumba Market, Fiango Market,and several other markets created by farmers who bring food directly from their farms such as the Mbonge Road market, 3 corners market, ansd also Back Market. Due to the high degree of activities in the town, it has attracted the Nigerians particularly the Igbo and Yorruba who own more than 60% of the shops in the town,(culled from a personal survey, January 2011).Controlled by the Kumba city Council it is the most income generating source of the council. Most of the people in Kumba are farmers and this has made Kumba one of the leading towns in Cameroon that provide food stuff to its neighbouring towns and cities not leaving out some neighbouring countries like Nigeria, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Tchad and a good number of African Countries.

GeographyEdit

Kumba is the biggest town in the Meme Division and South West region of Cameroon made up of flat lands around the Buea Road area, hills around Fiango, Mbonge Road,and 3 main water bodies like the famous Lake Barombi Mbo which is the largest volcanic lake in Cameroon and a site of touristic attraction also the famous Kumba Water that passes through Buea Road at the Kumba Mbeng bridge, running through Kumba town is the Mbanga water as its locally called but known by the locals as the Mabonjise. Most major roads to the nearby villages radiate from Kumba, running to the Nigerian border at Mamfe, the Korup National Park at Mundemba, and Mount Koupe to the east.

TransportEdit

Kumba is the terminus of a branch railway of the western system of Camrail.Kumba has three major motor parks; one situated at Buea road in Barombi kang, the second is at Fiango(three corners), and the third is at Mbonge road(Mile one)

GovernmentEdit

Kumba is the headquarter of Meme division of the Southwest Region. It has three sub-divisional councils; Kumba 1(Kumba Town-Kake, a part of Buea Road), Kumba 2(Kosala, Hausa-quarters and Fiango) and Kumba 3(3 corners, Mambanda and a part of Buea-road) with three local mayors. The town also run by a government appointed Senior Divisional Officer(SDO) and a government Delegate.

LanguagesEdit

Most people in Kumba speak English, Pidgin and to a small extend French and at least one of a variety of indigenous languages, most dominantly Bafaw, Bakundu, Bakossi and Mbonge.

The indigenes of Kumba are the Bafaw and the Bakundus. Bafaw is an ethnic group who speak Lifaw, a language similar to Duala, and the Bakundu ethnic group who speak the Bakundu language(Orocko language), Mboh, Bakundu Language and Bakossi, and certainly Southern Bantoid. The Bafaw people are ruled by their Paramount chief HRH Fon Victor Esemisongo Mukete who is the current chairman of Camtel, Cameroon's own Telecommunication company and the current CEO of Mukete Plantations Limited, a family heirloom and plantation measuring over 200 square kilometers in different localities in Meme division. The Bakundu people are ruled by their paramount chief Tata Itoe Benjamin Motanga who is currently the board chairman of the most renowned Cameroon Development Corporation(CDC). Due to its cosmopolitan nature, the Bafaw and the Bakundu now form just a percentage of the general population of the city, and have lost many aspects of their culture, except for their language which is spoken mostly by the elderly and some of the younger generation.


See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

{{ Nnoko Mbelle, Chief Atem Ebako, Kumba city council, }}

Coordinates: 4°38′N 9°27′E / 4.633°N 9.450°E / 4.633; 9.450