Kumar Shahani (born 7 December 1940) is a noted Indian film director and screenwriter, best known for his parallel cinema films, Maya Darpan (1972) and Khayal Gatha (1989) and Kasba (1990). Due to his dedication to formalism, and with the reputation of his first feature, Maya Darpan being considered among Indian cinema's first formalist film, he is frequently grouped by critics and film enthusiasts alongside similar stylistic filmmakers such as Pier Paolo Pasolini, Andrei Tarkovsky, and Jacques Rivette.
|Born||7 December 1940|
|Occupation||Film director, film academic, visual artist|
|Known for||Maya Darpan, Tarang|
Shahani was born in Larkana, Sindh (now in Pakistan), after the partition of India in 1947, Shahani's family shifted to the city of Bombay (now Mumbai). He received a B. A. (hons) from the University of Bombay in Political Science and History and studied screenplay writing and Advanced Direction at the Film and Television Institute of India, where he was a student of Ritwik Ghatak. He also studied under the renowned historian D. D. Kosambi. He was awarded a French Government Scholarship for further studies in France, where he studied at the Institut des hautes études cinématographiques (IDHEC) and assisted Robert Bresson on Une Femme Douce.
Shahani had considered Roberto Rossellini and Robert Bresson as major influences on his work and those who he learned the most from. When comparing the two he stated, "There is austerity in Bresson. But there is a possibility in cinema to have both: austerity and ornamentation. In Bresson, there is mainly austerity even though he aspires to have spectacle. When I work along those lines, I want the ornamentation to stand out. The magic of that reality must appear and we ought to allow that to happen. The notion of ornamentation that we have in India, the alankar, of how we play with it, that is something I like to retain in my work. And this is not there either in Rossellini’s work or Bresson’s in the works of Catholic filmmakers. When they move towards austerity, they really move towards it: Bresson in the tradition of St Augustine and Rossellini more in the manner of notational narratives."
For his film Tarang which dealt with labour issues, Shahani mentioned he consciously tried to avoid 'repeating' or 'imitating' one of his favourite films Sergei Eisenstein's Battleship Potemkin. Shahani stated, "for Tarang for instance, I was shooting a strike sequence. It was an obvious point where one could have quoted Eisenstein. Most filmmakers in such a situation would do so, inadvertently and unconsciously. Even the most "bourgeois" filmmakers as it were, the most commercial ones, or their exact opposites, would all do that. That is why one should remember him, to remember what he did and not to repeat it. So I remembered him while I was shooting that sequence, constantly like a prayer. We can't help saying that Eisenstein did it such a way and let only him do like that. That is why I feel very happy with that particular sequence in Tarang. It doesn't have, in any sense, an imitation of Eisenstein."
|1965||The Glass Pane||Graduate Diploma film|
|1967||Manmad Passenger||short film|
|1969||A Certain Childhood||short film|
|1970||Rails for the World||short film|
|1972||Maya Darpan||Winner Filmfare Award – Best Film (Critics)|
National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Hindi
|1973||Fire in the Belly||short film|
|1976||Our Universe||short film|
|1984||Tarang||National Film Award – Special Jury Award (Certificate)|
|1987||Vaar Vaar Vaari||short film|
|1989||Khayal Gatha||Winner Filmfare Award – Best Film (Critics)|
Winner FIPRESCI Prize – Rotterdam International Film Festival
|1989||A Ship Aground||short film|
|1990||Kasba||Winner Filmfare Award – Best Film (Critics)|
|1991||Bhavantarana||Oriya documentary film about Guru Kelucharan Mahapatra|
National Film Award for Best Biographical Film
|1997||Char Adhyay||Hindi film based on Tagore novel|
|2000||The Bamboo Flute|
|2004||As the Crow Flies|
- Ashish Rajadhyaksha. "Dossier on Kumar Shahani". academia.edu. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
- Winds From the East. "Interview With Kumar Shahani", Retrieved on 17 June 2014.
- Homi Bhabha Fellowships Council. "Mr. Kumar Shahani" Archived 3 March 2010 at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved on 2 March 2009.
- Upperstall.com Profile. "Kumar Shahani Upperstall Profile", Retrieved on 2 March 2009.
- House of World Culture. "Kumar Shahani", "Culturebase The International Artist Database" Retrieved on 2 March 2009.
- G.K, "Musings of a Marxist," "The Hindu", Retrieved on 2 March 2009.
- "20th National Film Awards". International Film Festival of India. Archived from the original on 5 November 2013. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
- "31st National Film Awards". India International Film Festival. Archived from the original on 12 November 2013. Retrieved 9 December 2011.
- "31st National Film Awards (PDF)" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 9 December 2011.
- "39th National Film Awards". International Film Festival of India. Archived from the original on 15 March 2014. Retrieved 27 February 2012.
- "39th National Film Awards (PDF)" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 27 February 2012.
- "The 5th Asia Pacific Triennial of Contemporary Art" Archived 21 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved on 2 March 2009.
- Kumar Shahani - The Shock of Desire and Other Essays ed. Ashish Rajadhyakhsha
- Laleen Jayamanne The Epic Cinema of Kumar Shahani
- Jacques Kermabon & Kumar Shahani Cinema and Television: Fifty Years of Reflection in France
- Kumar Shahani at IMDb
- The museum as a refuge for film: the case for Kumar Shahini's epic cinema at Indian Auteur